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MODULE З THE CHICAGO CONVENTION

Pre-reading

Look through and remember the following words.

VOCABULARY

to set up

-

створювати

to overcome

-

охоплювати

to benefit

-

принести користь

exploratory

-

пробний

the myriad issues

-

незчисленні питання

the outcome

-

результат

advisory

-

консультативний

restriction

-

обмеження

to elaborate

-

розробляти

scheduled

-

розклад

consent

-

згода

to foster

-

сприяти

to ensure

-

забезпечувати

to encourage

-

заохочувати

waste

-

марні витрати

a fair opportunity

-

прикрасні можливості

unreasonable

-

нерозумні, надмірні

restricted area

-

заборонена зона

Read and translate.

Personnel Licensing

Meteorological Service/or International Air Navigation Aeronautical Charts Dimensional systems Specifications

Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks

Airworthiness of Aircraft

Facilitation

4 1

Aeronautical Telecommunications Search and Rescue Aircraft Accident Investigation Environmental Protection Acts of unlawful interference

Read and translate the text.

THE CHICAGO CONVENTION

The Second World War was a powerful catalyst for the technical development of the airplane. At that time, a vast network of passenger and freight carriage was set up but there were many obstacles, both political and technical, to overcome for air transport to support and benefit a world at peace. In the early days of 1944, the Government of the United States conducted exploratory discussions with other allied nations to develop an effective strategy. On the basis of these talks 52 States met in Chicago in November 1944.

For five weeks, the delegates considered the myriad issues of international civil aviation. The outcome was the Convention on International Civil Aviation, also referred to as the Chicago Convention. At the Chicago talks, it was agreed that the Convention would only come into force thirty days after ratification by a 26th State, which occurred on 4 April 1947. In the interim, a provisional ICAO (PICAO) was formed and given advisory powers, with instructions to lay the foundation for an international organization devoted to the needs of civil aviation.

The 96 articles of the Chicago Convention establish the privileges and restrictions of all Contracting States, and provide for the adoption of International Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) regulating international air transport. SARPs have been elaborated and included into special Annexes to the Chicago Convention. There are 18 Annexes up to now. They are:

Annex 1 — Personnel Licensing. Licensing of flight crews, air traffic controllers and aircraft maintenance personnel.

Annex 2 — Rules of the Air. Rules relating to the conduct of visual and instrument flights.

Annex 3 — Meteorological Service/or International Air Navigation. Provision of meteorological services for international air navigation and reporting of meteorological observations from aircraft. Annex 4 — Aeronautical Charts. Specifications for aeronautical charts for use in international aviation.

Annex 5 — Units of Measurement to be used in Air and Ground Operations. Dimensional systems to be used in air and ground operations.

Annex 6 —- Operation of Aircraft. Specifications which will ensure in similar operations throughout the world a level of safety above a prescribed minimum. Part I — International Commercial Air Transport — Aeroplanes. Part II — International General Aviation — Aeroplanes. Part III International Operations Helicopters. Annex 7 — Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks. Requirements for registration and identification of aircraft.

Annex 8 — Airworthiness of Aircraft. Certification and inspection of aircraft according to uniform procedures.

Annex 9 — Facilitation. Specifications for expediting the entry and departure of aircraft, people, cargo and other articles at international airports.

Annex 10 — Aeronautical Telecommunications. Standardization of communications equipment and systems (Volume I) and of communications procedures (Volume II).

Annex II — Air Traffic Services. Establishment and operation of air

traffic control. flight information and alerting services.

Annex 12 — Search and Rescue. Organization and operation of

facilities and services necessary for search and rescue.

Annex 13 — Aircraft Accident Investigation. Uniformity in the

notification, investigation of and reporting on aircraft accidents.

Annex 14 — Aerodromes. Specifications for the design and operations

of aerodromes and heliports.

Annex 15 — Aeronautical Information Services. Methods for the collection and dissemination of aeronautical in formation required for flight operations.

Annex 16 — Environmental Protection. Specifications for aircraft noise certification, noise monitoring, and noise exposure units for land-use

planning and aircraft engine emissions.

Annex 17 — Security — Safeguarding International Civil Aviation against Acts of Unlawful Interference. Specifications for safeguarding international civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference. Annex 18 — The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air. Specifications for the labelling, packing and shipping of dangerous cargo.

Note. — All Annexes, except Annex 9, are the responsibility of the Air Navigation Commission. Annex 9 is the responsibility of the Air Transport Committee.

The Convention accepts the principle that every State has complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above its territory and provides that no scheduled international air service may operate over or into the territory of a Contracting State without its previous consent. The aims and objectives of ICAO, as contained in Article 44 of the Chicago Convention, are to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation and to foster the planning and development of international air transport so as to:

ensure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation throughout the world,

• encourage the arts of aircraft design and operation for peaceful purposes,

• encourage the development of airways, airports, and air navigation facilities for international civil aviation,

• meet the needs of the peoples of the world for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport,

• prevent economic waste caused by unreasonable competition,

• ensure that the rights of Contracting States are fully respected and that every Contracting State has a fair opportunity to operate international airlines,

• avoid discrimination between Contracting States,

promote safety of flight in international air navigation,

• promote generally the development of all aspects of international civil aeronautic

A-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Write out terminological words and word combinations and translate them into Ukrainian.

2. Write out verb forms (there are 31) except the verb to be and define their tense forms, give the infinitive.

Examples:

have been elaborated - Present Perfect, Passive Voice, to have been elaborated

was given - Past Simple, Passive Voice, to be given

3. Complete the chart. Nouns Verbs

1. establishment

2. operation

3._

4._

5._

6. collection

7. registration

8._

9. decision

10._

11. navigation

12._

13._

14. instruction

15._

4. Write out the nouns with -ence, -ment, -tion, -sion, -age from the text and translate them.

5. Write out the adjectives with -al, -ent, -able, -ive, -ful, -ous from the text and give their comparative and superlative degree. Translate them.

to develop to conduct to promote

to prevent

to meet

to create to ratify

to discriminate

6. Translate the following word combinations into Ukrainian.

flight

flight safety

flight safety systems

flight safety systems development

flight safety systems development department

powerful

powerful catalysts

powerful catalysts action

powerful catalysts action reinforcement

air

air transport

air transport agreement

air transport agreement aspects

civil

civil aviation

civil aviation organization

civil aviation organization structure

civil aviation organization structure principles

Chicago

Chicago Convention

Chicago Convention articles

Chicago Convention articles ratification

air

air traffic

air traffic control

air traffic control outcome

civil

civil aeronautics

civil aeronautics aspects

civil aeronautics aspects development

B-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Give six nouns, adjectives, verbs, word combinations regarding the Chicago Convention.

2. Pick out all possible objects to the given infinitive forms.

to develop

flight safety

to support

discrimination

to conduct

economic waste

to foster

the peoples needs

to ensue

the safe

to encourage

the aircraft design arts

to meet

the international air transport planning

to prevent

the exploratory discussion

to avoid

a world

to promote

an effective strategy

3. Write out all possible attributes from the text to the following words. Sovereignty, convention, catalyst, carriage, discussion, strategy, issues, principles, service,  state, navigation, opportunity, aviation, obstacles, organization, transport, designed, purposes, airlines, consent, territory, development, aeronautics.

4. Write out the prepositions and put them into the correct columns. You will find in the text prepositions of PLACE, TIME, DIRECTION, CASE. PLACE

TIME     I DIRECTION I CASE

5. Pick out a line in H with a line in I. H

1. to ensue the safe and orderly grows of

2. to encourage the arts of aircraft designed

3. to meet the needs of the peoples of

4. to prevent economic waste caused by

5. to avoid discrimination between

6. to promote safety of flight in

7. to promote generally the development of

I

_all aspects of international civil aeronautics

_international air navigation

_international civil aviation throughout the world

_the world for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport

_Contracting States

_and operation for peaceful purposes

_unreasonable competition

C-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Each sentence has a mistake. Find and correct it.

1. The First World War was a powerful catalyst for the technical development of the airplane.

2. For five ears, the delegates considered the myriad issues of international civil aviation.

3. The 43 articles of the Chicago Convention establish the privileges and restrictions of all Contracting States.

4. There are 96 Annexes up to now.

5. The aims and objectives of ICAO, are to destroy the principles and techniques of international air navigation.

6. On the basis of these talks 52 States met in Chicago in September

1945.

7. The outcome was the Agreement on International Civil Aviation, also referred to as the Chicago Convention.

2. Put questions to the underlined words in the text "The Chicago Convention" and call type of each question.

Example:

What was a powerful catalyst for the technical development of the airplane? - subject question.

3. Make negative and question forms to the sentences in Ex. 1. Example:

1a. There are not 96 Annexes up to now. 1b. Are there 96 Annexes up to now?

4. Put verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice.

1. ICAO, specialized agency of the United Nations (to create) with signing ion Chicago 7 December 1944.

2. The aims and objectives of ICAO (to contain) in Article 44 of the Chicago Convention.

3. At the Chicago talks, it (to agree) that the Convention would only come into force thirty days after ratification by a 26th State.

4. In the interim, a provisional ICAO (to form and give) advisory powers.

5. Economic waste can (to cause) by unreasonable competition.

6. At that time a vast network of passenger and freight carriage (to set

up).

7. SARPs (to elaborate and include) into special Annexes to the Chicago Convention.

5. Make Yes/No questions to the following sentences.

1. The Second World War was a powerful catalyst for the technical development of the airplane.

2. For five weeks, the delegates considered the myriad issues of international civil aviation.

3. The 96 articles of the Chicago Convention establish the privileges and restrictions of all Contracting States.

4. SARPs have been elaborated and included into special Annexes to the Chicago Convention.

5. There are 18 Annexes up to now.

6. The aims and objectives of ICAO, are to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation.

7. On the basis of these talks 52 States met in Chicago in November

1944.

8. In the early days of 1944, the Government of the United States conducted exploratory discussions with other allied nations to develop an effective strategy.

9. The outcome was the Convention on International Civil Aviation. D-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Give definitions.

1. Annex is...

2. The Chicago Convention is...

3. Personnel Licensing is...

4. "Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks" is...

5. The aims and objectives of ICAO are.

6. Contracting States are.

2. Translate the text into Ukrainian in written form.

TEXT 1

The Second World War was a powerful catalyst for the technical development of the airplane. At that time, a vast network of passenger and freight carriage was set up but there were many obstacles, both

50

political and technical, to overcome for air transport to support and benefit a world at peace. In the early days of 1944, the Government of the United States conducted exploratory discussions with other allied nations to develop an effective strategy. On the basis of these talks 52 States met in Chicago in November 1944.

For five weeks, the delegates considered the myriad issues of international civil aviation. The outcome was the Convention on International Civil Aviation, also referred to as the Chicago Convention. At the Chicago talks, it was agreed that the Convention would only come into force thirty days after ratification by a 26th State, which occurred on 4 April 1947. In the interim, a provisional ICAO (PICAO) was formed and given advisory powers, with instructions to lay the foundation for an international organization devoted to the needs of civil aviation.

TEXT 2

The aims and objectives of ICAO, as contained in Article 44 of the Chicago Convention, are to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation and to foster the planning and development of international air transport so as to:

ensure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation throughout the world,

• encourage the arts of aircraft design and operation for peaceful purposes,

• encourage the development of airways, airports, and air navigation facilities for international civil aviation,

• meet the needs of the peoples of the world for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport,

• prevent economic waste caused by unreasonable competition,

• ensure that the rights of Contracting States are fully respected and that every Contracting State has a fair opportunity to operate international airlines,

• avoid discrimination between Contracting States,

promote safety of flight in international air navigation,

• promote generally the development of all aspects of international civil aeronautic

5 1

3. Pick out a line in K with a line in L.

Annex Annex Annex Annex Annex Annex Annex Annex Annex Annex

K

14

12

11

16

9

8

4

2

1

6

Personnel Licensing. Rules of the Air. Aeronautical Charts. Operation of Aircraft. Airworthiness of Aircraft. Facilitation. Air Traffic Services. Search and Rescue. Aerodromes.

Environmental Protection.

L

4. Divide the text "The Chicago Convention" into three paragraphs. Name them. Where do you think the paragraphs begin and end?

Paragraph I. _

Paragraph II._

Paragraph III._

5. Questions for discussion.

1. What do you know about personnel licensing?

2. Why is the Chicago Convention needed for international air traffic?

3. How may every State operate over or into the territory of a Contracting State?

4. What does airworthiness of aircraft mean?

5. Speak on aircraft pollution and environmental protection

TRAINEE'S NAME

PROGRESS TEST

POSSIBLE MARKS

Q.1 SARPs have been elaborated and included into special Annexes to the Chicago Convention.

List 18 annexes to the ICAO Convention on International Civil Aviation.

( 20 )

Q.2 When was Chicago convention signed? Tick ( V ) right answer, cross ( X ) 2 others.

1. Dec. 7 of 1944_

2. Apr. 4 of 1947_

3. Apr. 4 of 1944_

( 5 )

Q.3 How many articles of the Chicago Convention establish the privileges and restrictions of all Contracting States? Tick ( V ) right answer, cross ( X ) 2 others.

96_

46_

69_

( 5 )

Q.4 What is Annex 12 called?

Tick ( V ) right answer, cross ( X ) 2 others.

1. Search and Rescue _

2. Rescue and Search_

3. both 1 and 2_

( 10 )

Q.5 What number of Annex is called "Airworthiness of Aircraft"? Tick ( V ) / cross ( X ).

1. Annex 8 _

2. Annex 18_

3. Annex 13_

( 10 )

Q.6 What number of article of The Chicago Convention contains the aims and objectives of ICAO, which are to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation?

Tick ( V ) / cross ( X ).

1. Article 43_

2. Article 44_

3. Article 96_ ( 15 )

Q.7 List the main directions of the planning and development of international air transport contained in Article 44:

1._

2._

3._

4._

5._

6._

7._

8._

9._

( 20 )

Q.8 How may every State operate over or into the territory of a Contracting State?

Tick ( V ) / cross ( X ).

1. with Contracting State previous consent_

2. without its previous consent_

3. according to the Chicago Convention_

( 15 )

TOTAL POSSIBLE MARK = 100 PASS MARK = 70 %

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