О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 13

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extent (. )

Extranet ( ) (. )

IP- (Intranet), 㳿 볺, '.

Extreme Digital (xD-Picture Card) (. XD)

-F-

f2f (face-to-face - --)

, 㳿 (-), . , .

FAB [fab] (Computer-Chip Fabrication Plant - )

.. , (, FAB 4). ( $1 $5 ) , (, G,35; G,25; G,1B, G,13 ).

to Facebook ( - Facebook)

Facebook , .

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions - , )

, , , . ' . FAQ , .

Fast Ethernet

() , 1GG / 1G , Ethernet, 1G , Ethernet. Fast Ethernet 100 Base. , 100 Basc-FX 100 Base-TX Ethernet (10 Base-T) CSMA/CD ( IEEE BG2.3).

Fast SCSI ( SCSI)

SCSI (SCSI-1). ³ 5 M/c 1G M/c. Fast SCSI , 5 M/c, 1G M/c . SCSI-2 , , SCSI-1, .

FAT (File Allocation Table - , FAT) (. )

, FAT. , , () ', . , FAT , . FAT . , NetWare . 4, B, 16, 32 64 . , .

MS-DOS (FAT12, FAT16, FAT-16) Windows 95/9B/ME (FAT32, FAT-32) - , . - , . , . . FAT (, ). FAT16 FAT32 , FAT16 2 . fat client ( 볺) (. thin client, 볺/)

Eee 볺/. ' ( ). 볺 (thin client).

* , 2007 . (http://www.m-w.com), . , .

FCC (Federal Communications Commission - ' )

, . 1934 . '. FCC , '. - / . ֳ : ) FCC -Class A - ; ) FCC -Class B - , , .

FCL (.NET Framework Class Library - , FCL)

, Microsoft NET. ̳ 7 000 . . JFC, MFC, VCL.

FDD (Floppy Disk Drive - , )

. -. , .

FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interface - - , FDDI)

ANSI (X3T9.5), '. FDDI : ) (multimode) (single-mode) ; ) 100 /; ) . FDDI , ; ) , ; ) 4/5. ' . , 100 / 125 /; ) 1000 , (- ) 200 ; ) 2 40 - . FDDI (CDDI).

FDM (Frequency Division Multiplxing - , )

() , ' . ' . 4 000 , 3 000 , ( ) 500 , . , , .

FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access - ) (. CDMA, DAMA, )

() ' ( ) . AMPS, NMT GSM TDMA. , ' . г ' ( ). FDMA - , , ; . - TDMA CDMA.

feature ( , ')

(ò) , , , , , .. . , , ' (real-world object) (layer on a map). ³ ' , ' Object, . ' , , , TIN, ..

fiber ([] ) (. fiber optics, FTTx, optical cable, )

Fiber Distributed Data Interface (. FDDI)

fiber optics [FO] ( ) (. , - )

, . ( ). , , .

- . . Optical

cable.

FIFO (First-In-First-Out - , ) (. LIFO)

/ , , , ( , ). LIFO.

firewall ( [], , , )

() ( ) , , . , , . . ( ) . , , TCP UDP, ' . , , FTP, Telnet. , , -. 1995 .

FireWire ( - , FireWire)

. - IEEE1394, i-Link. 1394 Apple. FireWire 400 /, P&P, ' .

' . FireWire , ' , .. 400 /, USB. 4,5 . 72 63 ( - nodes). 6- . 1023 ( 10- ), 64449 . ' , , ( ), , ( , SCSI).

firmware ( , ' () ') (. BIOS, - )

FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec - ) (. AAC, AC3, AMR, Dolby Digital 5.1, DSS, MMF, MP3, MP3pro, MPEGplus, OGG Vorbis, WAV, WMA)

. FLAC . (, Ogg Vorbis MP3), FLAC , .

Flash (Macromedia Flash)

-. , , 3, 䳿 . , Shockwawe/Flash, .swf. exe- , . Flash. Macromedia Inc. Flash ActionScript.

Flash BIOS ( ' BIOS)

, BIOS '. BIOS ', BIOS, '. Flash BIOS ' , .

flash memory (. -') '.

floppy disk (-, , ) (. )

. , ( ), (), . , - . , .

FLOPS (Float Operations per Second - , ) (. benchmark, linpack, MIPS, SPEC, , )

̳ . : MegaFLOPS, GigaFLOPS, TeraFLOPS .. , (, ) . Linpack. Rmax .

FORTRAN [Fortran] (FORmula TRANslator - )

, IBM (John Backus) 1954 ., (Harlan Herrick). , (!) ' , . . (Algol-60) ' 1960 . ³

Fortran^ ' , . (*) ѻ , . ' ( ) . - ( ), . ( ), . Fortran , , . , . (GUI), . , . . Fortran (1954), Fortran II (1958), Fortran III (1961), Fortran IV (1962), Fortran-77, Compaq Visual Fortran 6.6 (2001) . Fortune ( : http://www.fortune.com/fortune/mostpowerful)

- (-) , , . , 2005 . : 25 , 500 , 500 ..

Forum ATM (. ATM Forum)

fps (frames per second - [] ) .

FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name - ' ')

. ', - '. 255 , ' - 63 . . . '.

FR (Frame Relay - , Frame Relay)

. . ij OSI, ' . ' , . . frame relay - , . , frame relay , .

Fragment Identifier [XPointer] ( )

(XML, XPointer, XPath) XML-. HTML, ( ) . XPoiter XPath - . - , , . URI .

frame () (. )

Frame Relay (. FR)

framework (, , )

() , () .

(ò) ϳ ( - framework, fundamental data, core datasets .) (Ͳ) , , ò, -⳻. , : , , , , '.

() , 䳿 . , , , , , . free software ( ) (. freeware)

³ , : , , , , . , , .

freeware ( , ' ) ( . free - software - ; ) (. free software)

, , . , , , .

, . freeware (. free software), . freeware- , , , - . , .

front end ( ) (. back end)

() , 䳺 . , . , HTML- . 볺/ - , '-볺.

front-end software ( )

볺/, 볺, , 볺 (front end) ( ), (back end) - , . , '-볺. , '-볺 (front-end software), - , .

Front Page

- -, Microsoft. , , .

FSB c (Frequency System Bus - ) (. )

, . FSB d (Front Side Bus - , FSB)

DIB Intel , ' . FSF (Free Software Foundation - [] )

, г (Richard Stallman) 1985 . ' , , , ' . FSF , - (.. - - Free Software), , Unix- GNU, GNU/Linux. . , -

General Public License (GNU). . GNU.

FST (Flatter Square Tube - )

FSTN (Film-compensated SuperTwist Nematic - - ) (.

DSTN, LCD, STN, TSTN)

FTP (File Transfer Protocol - , FTP)

볺- , - , , ' TCP/IP. STD9 RFC 959. FTPFTP-, '. ' , . , ' . , FTP, - (, Home Site FrontPage), FTP , .

, . FTP- , -, HTML- ' ().

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики