О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 14

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MS DOS 32- Windows 98, FTP Internet. ftp-server (ftp-, FTP-) (. FTP)

' , , , HTML, () ZIP, . () '-볺 ( ' ), download ( - ). FTTx (Fiber To The X - ...)

, ' ( "") , , , - ( , ). , FTTx . . FTTx ' .

Fujitsu Limited

, ' , ', , . - ( , ). 1935 . . 1945 㳿 Fujitsu '. Fujitsu - - 3,5 , 10 130 ./., 2,5 3,5 ' 180 , 18- 36- , , . Fujitsu ' , .. Amdahl ICL PLC. Fujitsu 13 22 - (, , 糿, ). 43 . , - 188 . . 2000 . 50 . 3 Fujitsu - .

fuzzy theory [logic] (. )

-G-

G (. giga - -)

, 109 . G 230, 1 073 741 824.

G (generation - )

, (1GL, .5GL), 1G - .

G2C, G2B, G2G (. 2, eBusiness) (. )

, , , , (Government) - Government-to-Citizens (G2C), Government-to-Government (G2G), Government-to-Business (G2B). . Electronic Government 1997 . 䳿, , , , - . , , 2000 , ͳ - BundOnline 2005, 2005 400 -. () (SAGA). : ) - (G2C): , ; ) - (G2B): , -; ) - (G2G): , .

gadget (. )

GAP (Generic Access Profile - , GAP) (. DECT)

, . , .

garage ( )

, , . .

gazetteer () (. NIMA)

(ò) , , NIMA. , , , , . , ò .

GB (GigaByte, Gbyte) (. )

Gb (Gbit, gigabit) (. )

Gbit (Gb) (. )

GBps (gigabytes per second - , /)

() ' '. Gbps (gigabits per second - , /)

() . Gbyte (. )

GC (garbage collection - ) (. )

GC (garbage collector - )

',

.

GDI (Graphic Device Interface - , GDI)

API Microsoft Windows, , - ( ). Win API, . GDI (Device Context, DC), ', , .

GDI-printer (GDI-) (. )

, () Windows ( -PostScript). '. GDI- IEEE 1284 . , GDI- , , , .

GedML (Genealogical Data Markup Language - )

XML XML-, .

GeForce3 (. , , )

() NVIDIA, '. 63 128 , ' DDR, GeForce4 Ti '. - nfiniteFX II Engine. ' 㳿, : ) ; ) ; ) () ; ) ; ) ; ) ' (Radial, Elevation, Non-linear); ) (Fish eye, Wide angle, Fresnel effects, Water refraction); ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) - . nView (Analog, Digital, TV), Multi-desktop. NVIDIA : Windows 98, Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows ME Linux. OpenGL 1.3 .

General MIDI ( General MIDI) (. MIDI)

() , MIDI- (MIDI Manufacturers Association, MMA). MIDI-, 96 , , . General MIDI System Level - 1.

MIDI-, , , .

generic protocols (, )

( WS-I) , ^. , , , - , (messages),

, () . .

GHz (GigaHertz - )

Գ ( ). () .

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format - )

, CompuServe. , , JPEG. ϳ , . , : ) , 256-; ) ; ) , .. ϳ GIF GIF89A.

Gigabit Ethernet

() 10 / (Ethernet) 100 / (Fast Ethernet) IEEE 802.3 Ethernet-. Gigabit Ethernet 1000 / Ethernet Fast Ethernet.

GIS (geographic information system) (. ArcGIS, ò)

, . , , , , GIS. , 2005 . : ) GISystems (GIS) (ò): ( ); ) GIServices (ò- ()): , ' ò ( ); ) GIScience (GISci) (ò): ò, ò ' , : Spatial analysis ( ), Map projections ( ), Accuracy (), Scientific visualization ( , , , ', - ); ) GIStudies (GIS) (ò) (Sh^ - , ): , ò .

Globus () ( Grid, Intel GPE)

- Grid. , (framework) , . Globus^ Grid, , , , . , Globus ( ) - . , Globus , - , - ( Java, C Python). Intel GPE.

glue language (, ) (. )

GML (Geography Markup Language - )

(profile) XML , .

GMR (Giant Magnetoresistive Heads - )

() - , , .

GNU (General Public License - )

GNU - GNU's Not Unix, , GNU, Unix, . , , , (copyright), FSF , - copyleft - copyright (') FSF - GNU General Public License. . , - , - , 䳺 . . copyleft, copyright.

Google, Inc.

-, 1998 . (Stanford University) - (Larry Page) (Sergey Brin). , - . -, . Google 2GG9 . -. ij Google 볺 - 㳿 . - (googol), 1G1GG. , () Google Earth. , Google Python. . Yahoo!

Google Phone (. )

Gopher (. )

Cepic , WWW, . Gopher (http://gopher.quux.org:7G/) -볺 Gopher (http://quux.org:70/Software/Gopher/Downloads/Clients). Gopher ^^, . Gopher ̳ ̳ -. , .

GOSIP (Government Open System Interconnection Profile - 䳿 )

, 䳿 (OSI/ISO). г 15 199G . ' .

GPE (. Intel GPE)

GPRS (General Packet Radio Services - ' ,

GPRS) (. EDGE, UMTS, WAP)

() ' (CDMA, GSM). 114 171 /. , GSM- - 㳺 ' GSM, . GPRS GSM, , . ( 171,2 /), - GPRS , , online. GPRS : (BSS)

GPRS (GPRS Core Network).

GPS (Global positioning system - , ) (. )

, ' ( , ). . 1993 . GPS ( - NVS). , , ( ). (GLONASS), 1993 . : ) . GPS 24- , . , 糺 , L1 L2 . , . GPS 19,0 24,4 , 77/60. , 9/7, 18, 7 24, 1,0 ; ) -, , . () ; ) . ̳ , , . -, , . - 10 100 .

Green Book ( )

, - CDI. . CDI.

Grid [ grid] (, , ) (. Grid-architecture, Grid-computing, Grid-standardization, Grid-technology, , Globus, Intel GPE, SOA)

- (в). - : ) (' ', ), ' ; ) ; ' , ; ) () - ; ) ' , ( , ); ) , , ; ) . Grid (computational Grid) , (data Grid). , Grid, , : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ' ' . Grid ϳ . 1998 Grid-' (Grid computing) - , ' ' ' - - . , , Grid - , , , , . ' ' , ' . Grid-㳿 , . Grid . Grid , , (Grid Services), , , , . Grid- : TeraGrid (), DataGrid () UGRID (). Grid-, : ) ' ; ) ; ) ; ) ' . 2004 DataGrid, . Grid- EGEE (Enabling Grids for E-scienc), ( , ) -. 70 27 . Grid 20 000 .

Grid-architecture (Grid-, ) (. , , Globus, Intel GPE, SOA)

Grid (), ' 90- PowerGrid ( ). , , , , 䳺 .. Grid-. , Grid-' - (Service Oriented Architecture, SOA), , () . 쳺 , ': , , ..

Grid-computing (Grid-', Grid-) (. , ,

Globus, Intel GPE, SOA)

, ', ', /. Grid- 㳿, -. , Grid - , , , , , .. , Grid: ) , ; ) , ; )

(http://www.gl obus.org/gri d_software/ ecol ogy .php).

Grid-standardization (Grid-, ) (. )

Grid Global Grid Forum (GGF, www.ggf.org). , Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS, www.oasis.org), World Wide Consortium (W3C, www.w3c.org), Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF, www.dmtf.prg), Web Services Interoperability Organization (WS-I, www.ws-i.org), Internet2 (www.internet2.edu) Liberty Alliance

(www.projectliberty.org). , , Grid, Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA), GGF. 2004 . (OGSA 1.0), 2005 . - . OGSA - , , -. , e-business e-science, , .

Grid-technology (Grid-㳿, -㳿) (. Grid)

ϳ ', ' . Grid - , (, ', , .), - , . Grid-㳿 ' , , (. . ). , . Grid-㳿 , , . . Grid , (Grid Services), , : , , .

Group 3

, ITU-TSS. Group 3 , (4) . , Group 3, , V.27ter, V.29 V.17.

groupware ( ) (. )

, . , (, MS Office), , .

GS Format MIDI (Group Separator Format - [], GS )

(, ..), , MIDI-. GS General MIDI System Level-1. GS , , . : , , . - , GS , ( ) General MIDI, GS

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