О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 15

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Format MIDI.

GSDI (Global Spatial Data Infrastructure - ,

ò)

(ò) ֳ , , , 㳿, , , , . GSDI 2- GSDI (GSDI-1997). ֳ GSDI Digital Earth. GS DI , , , Digital Earth, , , , , , . . Digital Earth, SDI Cookbook.

GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications - ', ' ') (. TDMA)

() , . , 糿 . GSM, -. ' WAV AIF. GSM TDMA. , ( ) (2G). ' . GSM 㳿 TDMA. 900, 1800 1900 . SIM-, - , GSM-, - '. GSM : GSM-450/900/1800/1900. ij 1900 , 900 1800 - , , . () , , 3- .

GUI (Graphical User Interface - , ò) (. , , , )

䳿 ' ( , ) , , , , , , .. - ' . GUI Microsoft Apple Windows Macintosh , . , , - (, MS Office).

䳿 ', , (, .) .

. : ) API ; ) ( -); ) RAD- .

GUID (Globally Unique ID [IDentificator] - )

س (128-) , ( ). GUID , . GUID COM-' (CLSID). ' () (-) 128- . , GUID : 7D785DE 3-0730-11D0-8963-444553540000. ' Windows.

GWES (Graphics, Windowing, and Events Subsystem - , ) (. Windows, Windows CE)

Windows CE, , . GWES 䳿 , , . : ) '; ) - ; ) - , . GWES . , , , .

GZ file ( GZ)

, . GZ- gzip. gzip -z, gunzip.

-H-

hack () (. )

, , . - , ' , .

hacker (. )

hacker ethic ( )

, ( 1965-1982 .), (Steven Levy, Hackers). ³ , ' .

HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer - )

Windows NT - , . ( ).

halftone ()

. , . . TIFF.

handheld ( []) (. )

handheld computer (. , Handheld PC, )

handheld device ( ) (. )

handheld scanner ( )

() ' . - .

Handheld PC [HPC] (. )

', Windows CE. handle (, , )

( ') '. ' () HIMEM.SYS. , HIMEM.SYS, /NUMHANDLES= .

, . , ' (, ). . .

(ò) ̳-, . , ' . handler (, )

, , .

() (.. ), ' (, , ..). ֳ ' : , , . . .

handover ()

() '. ϳ ( , , .), . , , '. ͳ , , , handover. handovers : ) ; ) , ; ) , , ; ) , , .

handshaking (. )

hard disk ( , , , , . , ) (. , )

. , , / .

hard drive ( [] , ) (. h^rd disk, )

hardware ( ', , , . ) (. )

('), , , . ', , ', , .., ' ', (bus).

hardware platform ( ) (. )

, , , IBM PC Apple Macintosh.

HDD (Hard Disk Drive - , ) (. h^rd disk, )

HDL (Hardvare Description Language - , HDL) (. VHDL, Verilog)

, , .

HDSL (High-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line - ', [] HDSL) (. xDSL)

() DSL. ( 2 /) 4,5 . 1990 . Bellcore.

headend ( ' )

, , , .

Hewlett-Packard Co (. HP)

Hi-Fi (High Fidelity - , ) Hi-Fi (High Fidelity - )

HLS (Hue, Luminance, Saturation - [ ], , ) (. CMYK, color models, color separation, HLS, HSB, HSV, LCH, RGB, YMCK, )

() .

HOLAP (Hybrid OLAP - OLAP) (. )

, , - . . MOLAP, ROLAP. hop ()

() ( ).

, ' ' (-) .

(.) ϳ, ' . host ( , ) (. ) hosting (. ) hot keys ( )

, . , (, MS Office). - - Ctrl+Alt+Del, Ctrl+C, Ctrl+V . hot shoe ( )

. , - - , . hot spot (-, ) (. -) hot swap ( )

, . , , .

HotJava

-, Sun Microsystems. , Java, Java-. HP (Hewlett-Packard Co)

³ ' . HP 1939 . () . , , . . HP ', .. , , , , , . 2000 . 48,78 . (19- Fortune, IBM - 8-). 2001 . Hewlett-Packard Compaq Computer Corporation '. ' 56,7 ., - 87,4 ., - 3,9 . . ' ' - IBM. 160 . 160 . 䳺 : ', - ( ), . ' , , . . Compaq, IBM.

HPGL (Hewlett-Packard Graphic Language - Hewlett Packard,

HPGL) (. PCL)

. HR (Human Resources - )

, . . , , .. , , (, ).

HRM (Human Resources Management - )

, , . , ' , , , .

HRTF (Head-Related Transfer Functions - , ' )

, ( ). , . - , .

HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data - GSM)

() HSCSD ' GPRS. GPRS - 㳿 WAP. HSCSD 57,6 /. ' , . 㳺 HSCSD ' - .

HSB (Hue, Saturation, Brightness - [ ], , ) (.

CMYK, color models, color separation, HLS, HSB, HSV, LCH, RGB, YMCK, )

() .

HSSI Cffigl! Speed Serial Interface - )

, 52 /. Cisco Systems T3plus Networking ' DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) DCE (Data Communications Equipment). HSSI . . DCE, DTE.

HSV (Hue, Saturation, Value - [ ], , ) (. CMYK, color models, color separation, HLS, HSB, LCH, RGB, YMCK, )

() , (HSV model), . HSV , , : (hue), (saturation) (value). (hue) 1 360 Tektronix, , . (saturation) . 0 100. 100 - . 0 . (value) . (value) 0 100. (value), 0, . (value = 100 saturation = 0) .

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language - ) (. CERN, DHTML, WML, WWW, XML)

WWW , .. - . , , ' , , , - . HTML, HTML-, . (tag). HTML- ( ) <html>...</html>, (<html> - , </html> - ). . HTML SGML. W3C. 2005 . HTML 4.01, 1999 .

HTTP (Hypertext Transport [Transfer] Protocol - , , HTTP)

, HTML- , RFC 2068 RFC 2616. HTTP XML, VoiceXML, WML, . 80, - . HTTP+.

human resources (. HR)

hypercube (, )

, . , , (data warehouse, data mart).

hypermedia (, , ' , )

, '. , 䳿, ', . Hypercard ( - Apple Computer Inc.) -. , .

- , ' . hypertext (. ) Hz (hertz - )

Գ .

-I-

I/O [Input/Output] (/, -)

. , - ', ' . -: -, - ' (DMA).

I2O [ I2O] (Intelligent Input/Output - -, I2O) , - .

i-mode ( . internal mode - )

() - , ( ) ' , . NTT DoCoMo (Nippon Telephone and Telegraph DoCoMo). DoCoMo ' 1991 . Doco mo , , DoCoMo Do Communication Over the Mobile Network - 泻). I-mode / , NTT DoCoMo.

IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service - ) (. )

񳺿 ' . . , , .., 볺 . . - (Virtual private server, VPS).

IAB (Internet Architecture Board [ Internet Activities Board] - , IAB)

, ISOC. , , , . , IAB , .

IAC (Information Analysis Centre - - )

, . IAC , .

IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers [Names] Authority - , IANA)

, , .com, .net, .org. 1998 ICANN. . ICANN.

IAP (Internet Access Protocol - , -) (. )

IBM (International Business Machines, Big Blue [ ] - --)

- ' . 1911 . Computing Tabulating Recording Company , , 1890 . IBM 1924 . ' (, , ) , . IBM . , 2GG4 . Fortune. - , . -. 1956 . IBM 3G5 RAMAC, . 1971 . 8- , . IBM - ' IBM System/36G (1964 p.) IBM System /37G (1971 p.), ' IBM-3G81 IBM-3G9G (Sierra). 52 15G . ' IBM/36G . 1965 ., 197G . 15 , (IBM/ 36G-20-1G) 5G 1GG IBM/ 36G-95. OS/36G , '. OS/36G ϳ , . 4 IBM/36G IBM 5 . -, 196G- pp. ' , . System-360 1967 . ' 4Pi . ' IBM Gemini Apollo, X^a^m. 1969-1971 pp. ' IBM ̳, 1973 . IBM NASA ' "-". IBM "". 12 1981 . IBM -' , - (IBM-) ', . 1995 . IBM ' ˳ - . 1996-1997 pp. IBM - ' Deep Blue . IBM , OS/2 . ˳ IBM . IBM eServer iSeries 400 (AS/400) - . 2GG9 . 15G 7GG . IBM iSeries 4GG (AS/4GG). . ҳ 1996 . IBM 1867 , . 199G- pp. 5 . . IBM 95% . , 3G . 볺 85G . IBM 2GGG . 88 (8- Fortune). 8,1 . ϳ IBM, 39G . , 1GG . . , .

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