О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 16

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IBM System 360/370

ѳ ' 3- (IBM System 36G) 4- (IBM System 37G) , IBM , . . .

IBM PC (International Business Machines Personal Computer - ' IBM)

. IBM PC-', ' , Xerox , IBM 12 . ³ (William C. Lowe) 1980 ., 12 1981 . . IBM IBM PC, ' IBM. Intel 8088, - 64 - '. IBM PC 16- , , . PC ' IBM PC- ' . IBM PC ' , . IBM PC , , . , ' . , ' IBM PC - Apple computer, IBM PC , , 2%. , Apple ' (), , 糿 . ³ IBM PC - , IBM ' ( 200 . . ) , , , - , , . , 1978 . ' 16- Intel - i8086, 29 . 4,77 , Intel, IBM, , , 8- i8088, ' IBM. i8088 i8086, 8- ( 1 = 8 ) 256 ' ( ' ' 16 ). ', IBM ' 8- -, ' . , , IBM 240 . ' , . 1 , 241 683 . ( 1982 .) "Time", , IBM PC - " ". IBM Lotus Notes [ Lotus Notes, Lotus Notes/Domino]

(Groupware). IBM Lotus Software, IBM Software Group. 1996 . IBM : Notes - 볺 , Domino - . 5.0 볺 Lotus Notes : Notes Client - , Domino Designer - (), Domino Administrator - . , Lotus Notes/Domino, 7.0.2, : ) ; ) ( ); ) 볺 , , ; ) ; ) 볺 (Instant messenger) Lotus Sametime, - Lotus Notes LDAP- / Domino Enterprise connection services (DECS). 8.0 ' : ) Open Document , , MS Office OpenOffice.org ; ) PDF - ; ) Eclipse (fat) (Lotus Notes Client, IBM Lotus Domino Designer IBM Lotus Domino Administrator) , Lotus Domino Designer. Lotus Notes/Domino 8.5, 2008 ., 볺 MacOS, Ubuntu Red Hat Linux SUSE Linux, Domino Designer Eclipse - Ajax-㳿 XPages. () Lotus Notes/Domino Microsoft Outlook ( Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft SharePoint Server Microsoft SQL Server) Novell Group-Wise.

ICC (International Color Cosortium - ̳ )

, , -. Adobe, Agfa, Apple, Kodak, Microsoft, Silicon Graphics, Sun Taligent.

ICE (Internet Content Exchange - )

. BizTalk, Microsoft. icon (. )

ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Name - ICANN)

1998 . ̳ . , , , . ICANN ' . . '.

ICQ ( . I seek you - )

-, 2004 . 100 . , , ICQ . , ³, . .

ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol - , ICMP)

, TCP/IP. RFC 792.

ICP (Internet Content Provider - - )

Գ, - -.

ID (IDentifier - , ')

IDAPI (Integrated Database API - API )

Borland API , BDE. ODAPI.

IDDE (Integrated Development and Debugging Environment - [])

, , , ' . , .

IDE (Integrated development environment, integrated design environment, integrated debugging environment - [], ) (. Delphi programming language, IDDE, JAD, J2EE Platform, RAD)

, , , , . , ( ), , , . . IDE , ' '- . ,

- , Eclipse Microsoft Visual Studio, - , , Visual Basic Borland Delphi. : Sun Studio, Turbo Pascal, Borland C++, rouilder, GNU toolchain, DrPython, DevC++, Lazarus, KDevelop, QDevelop. - , .

IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics - IDE, )

( , CD-ROM, .), ' 80- .

- 3,3 8,3 /. - 504 . ³ ATA (AT Attachment), ANSI. EIDE SCSI.

IDEF0 (ICAM Definition Methods - IDEF0) (. BPR, DFD, SADT, UML)

³ ICAM (Integrated Computer-Aided Manufacturing - ). -, 䳿 . . IDL 1 (Interface Definition Language - )

, C++. OMG ' - -. , . ' , , . , 볺 . , , COM- ' COM, RPC.

IDL (Interchip Digital Link - ' 䳿 )

, Motorola . IEEE (Eye-triple-E, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. - )

, 2009 . ' 380 000 150 . 1963 . ' . 802 . ϳ 802 ' (Technical Committee for Computer Communications), 1980 . . IEEE ANSI ISO.

IEEE-CS [IEEE Computer Society] (Computer Society of the Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers - [] ' )

1951 . Professional Group on Electronic Computers of the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE), - 1964 Large Scale Computing Devices of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE). ϳ ' AIEE IRE 1964 . ' ' - IEEE Computer Society. ' . ' (computer engineers), (software engineers), -' (computer scientists). 1977 Computing Curricula.

IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force - )

̳ , , , , . , . IETF , Request For Comment (RFC) (. http://www.ietf.org/ html.charters/ beep-charter.html). IETF . . 1986 ., IETF.

IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol - )

, , . , , IP-, . IGMP- IP-. . IGMP- , , . .

IIDL (Interoperable Interfase Definition Language - )

, OMG (Object Management Group), , , ++, Java, COBOL, Smalltalk, Ada, Lisp, Python IDLscript.

IIOP (Internet Inter Object Request Broker Pritocol) (. CORBA)

CORBA. , ' TCP/IP. 䳿 - ', , .

IIS (Internet Information Server - )

, ; HTML, http. Microsoft, -, , - -. ( : Web, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, File Transfer Protocol) Microsoft's Windows NT Windows 2000 Server. HTML-, IIS (Active Server Pages, ASP) - , , -. IIS, Microsoft -, : Apache, O'Reilly . , IIS, 㳿 Microsoft: Front Page, Active Server Page (ASP), Active controls, Internet Server Application Program Interface (ISAPI) Common Gateway Interface (CGI).

Windows NT Server 4.0, Microsoft. : ftp, gopher WWW, , ' , , , SSL CHAP. 1996 .

IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity - ̳ , IMEI-)

() , , 15 . ' . ³ . ( IMEI). IMEI , , . IMEI . . .

IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity)

() SIM-. г IMEI IMSI , IMEI , IMSI - .

IN (Intelligent Network - )

() , - , , , , - , . .

Indigo

(.NET) Microsoft - Windows. Indigo .NET Framework 2.0, , , , , .

information systems [IS] ( ) (. ) information technology [infotech, IT] ( ) (. , 㳿) Infranet ()

, 2005 ., 㳿 ATM/MPLS . , 㳿, Lucent Technologies Juniper Networks. ³ , . 㳿 ATM/MPLS , Oracle, Siemens, IBM, Ericsson . ³ , . , - , , , , .

infrared (. IrDA)

input ( ) (. Input/Output)

(). , , ' , , (output). (input devices) ' (keyboard)

(mouse). .

Input/Output (. I/O)

instance (. )

integrated circuit [IC] (. , ) Integrated Development Environment (. IDE) Integrated Services Digital Network (. ISDN)

Intel (Integrated Electronics - , )

. , . 18 1968 . , -'. 1998 . Intel , 1 . Fortune E-5G, 5G , Intel . Intel , . , !䳿, , ͳ, , , Գ, 7G . . 2GG1 . 5GG Fortune Intel 41 - 33 . 1997 ., , , , , 3G $3,6 . ֳ , Intel. Intel 1 , Pentium 4 600 , i8G88. ' , , 2GG4 . Intel , , .

Intel GPE (Intel Grid Programming Environment - Intel Grid)

, Globus / Grid-. , , , , , Grid . GPE Java Globus Java WS Core (Globus Java Web-services Core - Globus^ Java), , C- Globus^. GPE 볺: application-, admin-, expert-, file management-볺, : , , , .

internal network ( )

' , .

internal web ( )

, 볺/ , HTTP. World Wide Web ' HTTP , . ( -Internal Web) HTTP , , LAN WAN. ( ), . ' , -2- (business-to-business web) .

internet ( )

' , .

Internet ( ) (. , brfranet, ISOC)

Internet address (. IP address)

Internet Content Provider (. ICP)

Internet Engineering Task Force (. IETF)

Internet Protocol (. IP)

Internet protocols (. )

internetting (. )

internetwork (' )

, , ' , . ( ), ' .

Internet Relay Chat (. IRC)

interoperability (. )

Intranet (. )

intranetwork

().

IP (Internet Protocol - )

, RFC 791. . IP. ' . ̳ o ' '.

IP address (Internet Protocol Address - IP-)

IP - 32 (4 ) ' , STD 5 (RFC 791) TCP/IP. , - ', . IP- (network portion) (host portion) - . ( 0 255), (: 123.123.123.255). , IP- 32- ( IPv4) 128- ( IPv6) . IP- (IPv4) , , , 127.10.2.29 ( 10000000 00001010 00000010 00011110 - ). IP- , , , . '. , . . -, '.

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики