О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 19

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() ', ', - ' ( ). .

, . ̳ ' .

linpack ( [] Linpack) (. SPEC, )

, Fortran , ' ' ( ).

Linux ( Linux)

, Unix. - 糺 GNU . . 90- . Windows NT UNIX. Linux Linux, 1991 . ˳ (Linus Torvalds). , , . , 1991 ., i80386 . , Linux, USENET . , Unix- ' , Linux (Linux kernel). Linux, , , - , '. Linux ', , Ubuntu, Linux Debian. , Apache Server, X Window System, GNOME KDE, GNU Project, 198 . г (Richard Stallman). Linux - Mozilla Firefox OpenOffice.org.

LISP (LISt Processing - , LISP) (. )

. 1958 . (). .

LMS (Learning Management System - )

, (eLearning). LMS , , , . , LMS . LMS : WebCT (, ), TopClass (, ), Blackboard () Lotus LearningSpace ().

LOC (Lines of Code - , . ) (. KLOC)

. , ( , ).

Local Power Management ( ())

, ' (low power mode), ' , , (time-out). , ' : , . ' , , , - .

Locator Type Element ( )

(XLink) , , . , . type locator.

Login account ( )

( ), . ', ' (login name), (, ) ' , .

login name ( . to log in - , [] ')

' (, ), . . .

Lotus Notes (. IBM Lotus Notes)

LPI (line per inch - )

. ϳ 쳺 . , , . , - . , . , , (lpi) , , ' .

LPS (line per second - )

ʳ . , -.

LPT (Line PrinTer - )

() '. IBM PC , ' ( - ).

LRE (Literal Result Element - )

(XML, XSLT) , ' XSLT .

- M -

M-JPEG (Motion JPEG)

, JPEG . PC, , , .

MAC (Media Access Control - [])

() . MAC 㳿, (, Token Ring Ethernet).

, , . IEEE. ISO/OSI. , , . ϳ ', , .

MAC address (Media Access Control address - MAC-)

, . 48- , .

Macintosh [Mac] (' )

˳ ', , , Apple Inc. Mac OS ( Mac OS X). (McIntosh). Mac 24 1984 . ³ ', (user-friendly) (GUI, Xerox PARC) -, . ' Apple 5% ', ', IBM- . ' , 60% '. ' Macintosh : MacBook, MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, ' Mac mini, iMac, Mac Pro, Xserve. . Macintosh , Motorola (68000, 68020), IBM PowerPC ( ' PowerMac), Intel.

macro (, ) (. , )

Macromedia Flash

( Macromedia), Flash ' ( ) , , , . Flash- , . , 㳿, . Flash- HTML-. HTML-, Flash- HTML-, Macromedia DreamWeaver. , WYSIWYG- , HTML- Flash-. HTML- Flash- , , Flash-. Macromedia Flash SWF (ShockWave Flash). . Macromedia 1998 . , , -. 90% , , , Flash-. Flash- Windows ( 95 .), MacOS, MS Internet Explorer ( 5.0) Netscape Navigator ( 4.0). SWF, , (, Flash Writer Adobe Illustrator).

mainframe (. )

maintainability (. )

maintainer (, , )

, . , ( ) .

(.) , , Linux (Open Source). , , , .

maintenence (. )

malware (. malicious software, : ǻ - )

, ' . , ' , ', . ' , , , , .

MAN (Metropolitan Area Network - () , )

(') . , 50 , (LAN) (WAN) . IEEE 802.6.

managed code (. ) manifest (. ) map ( ) (. ) mapping ()

() ' (, ) ' (, ).

(7) (virtual address) (physical address).

(7) ' '.

(ò) ³ () ' ( , ). marshaling (, ) (. ) MAS (MultiAgent Systems - ) (. )

(ز) ' , . , ( ) . . , ( , ) ( , ' ).

(ز, ) , .

MathML (Mathematical Markup Language - )

(XML) XML , . Mathematical Markup Language (MathML), Version 1.0 W3C 1998 . XML, , . World Wide Web. MathML 1.01 1999, 2001 ' 2.0, 2003 MathML 2.0, , W3C. , MathML. OpenMath.

MB (megabyte - )

1 024 , 1 048 576 .

Mbit (megabit - )

1 000 , 1 000 000 .

MBps [Megabytes per second] (/c, )

( - Mbps). '. (1 = 1 048 576 ).

Mbps [Mbit/s, Megabits per second] (/, )

(H - MBps). '. (1 = 1 000 000 ). 10 , .

MCI (Media Control Interface - ) (. MME)

(API) Windows, /. MME , , , , .. , (C/C++, Pascal BASIC), MCI (Multimedia Command Strings). - . , play cdaudio -.

MDA (Mail Delivery Agent [Message Delivery Agent] - )

, (Message transfer agent, MTA) (Message handling service, MHS), ( ') ( '). MDA (Mobile Document Access - )

, ', , ' (), / , ' ' . ' . (Mobile content), (Content Management Systems) (Data conversion), (Mobile Web). MDA (Model Driven Architecture - , )

OMG .. -, , . MDA Unified Modeling Language (UML) .

MDA (Mirrored Disk Array - RAID-)

RAID- ( 1) . . RAID.

MDA (Monochrome Display Adapter, MDA card - , MDA )

1981 . IBM () ' () IBM PC. MDA , (PC video mode 7), 80 25 . 9x14 , 7x11, . : , , , (), . , , , , () . HGA CGA.

MDAC (Microsoft Data Access Components - ̳)

Microsoft, , - . : ADO, OLE DB ODBC. 㳿: Microsoft Jet Database Engine, MSDASQL ( OLE ODBC) RDS (Remote Data Services).

MDI (Medium Dependent Interface - , ) , , (uplink port). Ethernet, (Network Interface Card, NIC) (Integrated NIC port) . (hub) (switch) MDI , ' Ethernet, () ' . ³ ' : -, - .. , - ( ), .

MDI (Multiple-Document Interface - , , MDI) (. SDI, MMI)

, Windows-. , () .

MDI (Microsoft Document Imaging format - Microsoft)

, Microsoft , , , (OCR). - Microsoft, MDI- Microsoft, Microsoft Office (Microsoft Office Document Imaging, MODI), Microsoft Office 2003 .

MDI application (MDI-, )

, 䳿 . , , ( ). , - , , Windows-, , , .

media player (. )

Memory Stick (. ')

'. Memory Stick Sony 1998 . , , , . - 21,5^50x2,8 . Memory Stick: Memory Stick PRO Duo Memory Stick M2. , . Memory Stick PRO Duo 16 , M2 - 8 .

MEMS (Microelectromechanical systems - , MEMS) , , . , ' . , . -, .

MES (Manufacturing Execution Systems - , )

MES (Manufacturing Enterprise Solutions - )

, , 쳠 , , . ERP- . messaging software ( )

, - , , - 䳿 . MFC (Microsoft Foundation Classes - Microsoft)

MFC 1992 . MS Visual C++ Windows API. 250 . MHz (megahertz) (. ) metropolitan area network (. MAN)

MIB (Management Information Base - )

, ' -. , . . ', SNMP. MIB ', ', . MIB , . micro ()

, . , - , - .. . . , .

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики