О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 2

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In the dictionary, the terms which have got accustomed) in Ukrainian publications, the spelling of which became habitual in Ukrainian transliteration are also everywhere applied: the Internet, the Web, Web page, the Web server etc.

Working out on the book the edition authors aspired the reader to find something unknown looking through the dictionary searching an interesting word, as it happened and with us. For example, during preparation of the manuscript of the dictionary it was clarified, that for mobile devices (phones) exists two virtual computers - JVM and CLR, there are three platforms Java and the number of portable computer devices has reached fourteen names: notebooks, subnotebooks, tablet notebooks, netbooks, tablet netbooks, personal digital assistants (PDA), laptops, ultra mobile Personal Computers (UMPC), Mobile Internet Devices (MID), smartbooks, palmtops, handheld PCs, enterprise digital assistants (EDA), tablet PC.

The group of authors expresses the gratitude to all who will send comments, remarks, corrections and note statement on book perfection on e-mail addresses: busygin_b@yandex.ru or gkorotenko@rambler.ru or leonid korotenko@ukr.net. We will be glad to communicate to all not indifferent readers.

Terminology, and naming things in general, is always difficult.

Web Services Architecture Working Group (http://www.w3.org/2002/ws/arch/).

: 㳿 .

Web- W3C, 2002 .

Feci quod potui, faciant meliora potentes.

, , ,

.

! , , . , , , , , , . , , - .

, -' .

2009 :

- ' Lap Top (, ) (Desktop, ), ;

- (subnotebook), (tablet notebooks), (netbooks), (tablet netbooks) (PDA), (communicators), (smartphones) ' ;

- , Wi-Fi WiMAX - , ', , ( ' );

- 䳿 , ;

- 㳿 䳿, , , , GPS;

- , , . , . ( ) 50.

' '- (computing). , ACM, AIS, AITP IEEE, ' : ) (computer engineering), ) (computer science), ) (information systems), ) 㳿 (information technology), ) (software engineering). , ' - , ' , . , ' : ) ' ; ) , ; ) '; ) ' ; ) ; ) .

' , , , ' , '- , ' ' . , , , , , , , .

, , , 㳿 , . : Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [49], , MerriamWebster [21], - , .. [53], - (Klaus Krippendorff WEB Dictionary of Cybernetics and Systems) [17] ABBYY Lingvo 11 [133]. , , , .

, [68, 69], -- [50, 70], .

, , , , . , . - .. , .. [84, 104, 105].

, , , , , (New Oxford American Dictionary, Oxford Dictionary of English .).

1 Podcast' Is the Word of the Year (. ) / ᠠ : URL: http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/12-05-2005/ 0004228195&EDATE=. - . .

, :

, , , ' - (HTTP, URL, TCP/IP ..) , , , , , ;

, . , , , , - ..;

, ' . , Computer People , , ' , - , . , , ;

, , , . ' , Pew Internet and American Life Project4;

, . , , , .

(COM, DCOM, DLL, MSF, .NET, XML, RDF, GIS, Web-services, W3C, OMG, OGC .).

(, , , , , , , , , , ò .).

, ' (, , , , , , , , , , , .).

, - ( OGC, , ', , , , ), ò-㳿, .);

, (, , , , , ', , , 볺, , , , .).

, , , (, , , , , , , computer science .).

-' (, , , 㳿, , , , , .).

2 Don't be a plank. Read this and get really cluefUl (. ) / : URL: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/08/10/nwords10.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/08

/10/ixhome.htm. - . .

Computer terms 'confuse workers (. ) / : URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/ technology/4272382.stm. - . .

4 Pew Internet and American Life Project: Public Awareness of Internet Terms. (. ) / : URL: http://207.21.232.103/PPF/r/161/ report_display.asp). - .

3 .

4 GGG ( ) , , , , , . , , 5 8GG , , , .

- . ' , , , : , .

- , (3COM, Apple, HP, IBM, Microsoft, Nokia, Sumsung .), . Big Blue ( / ), , International Business Machines (IBM), 39G . .

, , . , - ( ). , , . :

[, ], []

' (, , ), (, ), , .

, ' , (, (. )).

( ) . , . ,

:_

(switch) (. )

( ), , , , . , , , . , ,

._

: switch (. -). , , , . :

CRM (Customer Relationship Management - ' [, ] 볺 )

, , , , 볺, , ! CRM, ERM, ERP, SFA .

CRM (Change Request Management - )

- , .. - , , . CRM 㳿 ( , , , , , ).

CRM (Client Relations Management - 䳺 볺) 㳿 .

, , , , , , . , , (, : ) ; ) ; ) BIOS '; ) .). , , , . , , .

_:_

(aperture)

' PCI, '. , , AGP. , ', . , , ' . . 3D- , 8 .

( ) ij , - . .

( ) , .

' .

() . ҳ () , ' . , (aspect) .

(argument) (. )

( ), , (, , .).

(.) , . , BASIC Y = SQR (X), X - SQR ( ). .

(.) , , (. ).

(UML) ' (), , ' . - (actual parameter). - .

, - , : !, , -, - .

, , , , . , ', () - JVM CLR, Java - , ' : , () (), ' (), , , ', , , - (), , ' (), , (), , ', - .

, , : busyginb@yandex.ru leonid_korotenko@ukr.net gkorotenko@rambler.ru.

.

.

.NET - ( ) (Microsoft .NET) . ASP.NET, Assembly, Assembly manifest,C#, CLR, Common Language Specification, Common Type System, FCL, Indigo,Web-services, XML)

(.) .Net ('). , Microsoft. .Net ( ), Microsof , ' ' . , ' , . , , , , , ' . - . .Net ' , , , , (-), . - . XML, - . Microsoft .Net : ) - .Net Framework, API- Windows; ) '- IDE Visual Studio .Net; ) , ' , - , COBOL; ) 㳿 XML; ) , ( - assembly) , '; ) () Microsoft CLR.

(, .) , , , Microsoft - , ' . .NET, XML, , , - , . .NET : ) (Common Language Runtime, CLR); ) .NET (.NETFCL); ) - Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL); ) , .NET (C#, Visul Basic .NET, Visual C++ .NET .); ) ; ) - CLS .. , , , .

.NET Framework ( ̳^ .NET Framework - [] .NET)

, Microsoft, Windows API COM (COM+) . , - Windows, Unix , , - . .NET Framework , , (LAN, WAN, Internet ..). .NET Framework , ('-, -, - .). ³ 㳿 -, - ( ASP.NET), ( ADO.NET), 볺 (Windows-) . 10 Mbps

10 . Ethernet. 1G (Generation 1, First generation - , [ '])

() ' (wireless communications) . ', . NMT (Nordic Mobile Telephone) AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone Service). ֳ ' 80- . '.

1GL (First Generation Language - )

(.) . , 䳿 , ' . 1U (1 unit - 1 )

. ̳ , . 1U = 1,75" = 44,45 . : 2U, 3U ..

2 (two - )

, , , . to , . , - , , usiness-to-business, B2B, , MIDI MP3 midi2mp3 ( midi to mp3). . , , .

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики