О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 20

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microcomputer (. ') microprocessor (. )

microSD ( TransFlash) (. ')

-'. TransFlash . ( - 11x15x1 ), ' , . SD.

microsecond (ms - , )

10-6 - 1 . Microsoft [MS] ( ̳) (. IBM, IBM PC, Windows)

, 1975 . (. -, ) 20- (Bill Gates) 22- (Paul Allen). Micro-Soft (Microcomputer Software). Basic ' Altair ( 1974 . MITS). 1980 . Microsoft '. г 1979 . 2,5 ., . Microsoft 16- MS DOS ' IBM - IBM PC 1981 . 25- Microsoft IBM ' 16- , Basic DOS. ' IBM PC 1984 . MS DOS - 200 - ' . 1995 MS 20 . , 1850 (architectors, builders, developers), 1850 (testers), 400 (program managers) 2100 (customer-support engineers). ϳ MS 1997 ., (24 1995 .) Windows 95. 40 , . Microsoft . 2000 . 86% MS Office, 90% - Windows . 2000 . 22,9 ., 2,6 . - . Microsoft .NET Framework -. . .NET.

Microsoft .NET Framework Software Development Kit (SDK) ( NET Framework) (. .NET, Microsoft Developer Network, MSDN)

Microsoft .NETFramework Software Development Kit (SDK) .NET Framework, , , .NET Framework: , , .

Microsoft Developer Network (. MSDN)

Microsoft Intermediate Language (. MSIL)

Microsoft Internet Information Server (. IIS)

Microsoft Jet Database Engine ( Jet)

, Microsoft Access, Microsoft: Microsoft Office Visual Basic. ESRI (Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., ) - (ò) ArcGIS.

Microsoft Office [MS Office] ( Microsoft)

- , Microsoft. , , , . Microsoft Office , , , Microsoft Windows Mac OS X. MS Office Microsoft 1989 . Mac OS, Windows ' 1990 . : MS Word, MS Excel MS PowerPoint. Office , , , , OLE Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). Microsoft - Office () (line-of-business software) - (Office Business Applications, OBA). MS Office , . MS Office Word. ³ . MS Office Open XML, ZIP- XML, . Microsoft Word 97-2000 .doc. , - . MS Word Microsoft Works. - OpenOffice.org Writer, StarOffice Writer, Corel WordPerfect Apple Pages ( Mac OS). MS Office Excel. ³ - . . OOXML .xlsx, .xls. - OpenOffice.org Calc, StarOffice, Gnumeric, Corel Quattro Pro Apple Numbers ( Mac OS). : ) MS Office PowerPoint - ( - OpenOffice.org Impress, Corel WordPerfect Apple Keynote); ) MS Office Access - ) MS Office Outlook ( Outlook Express) - . Outlook : , , . . 볺 - Mozilla Thunderbird/SeaMonkey, Eudora Mail, The Bat!. - Mozilla, Lotus Organizer Novell Evolution. Apple Mac OS X Microsoft Entourage. MS Office Communicator - , . Microsoft Office , - Microsoft Office. : ) MS Office InfoPath; ; ; ) MS Office Publisher; ; ) MS Office Visio; - - -; ) MS Office Project; ; ) MS Query; ; ) MS Office OneNote; ; ) MS Office Groove 2007; ; ) MS Office SharePoint Designer; MS SharePoint SharePoint; ) MS Office Picture Manager; ; ) MS Office Document Image Writer; , MS Document Imaging Format; ) MS Office Diagnostics; MS Office. MS Office MS FrontPage, Microsoft Office . MS Office 2007 FrontPage MS SharePoint Designer. Forrester Research, 2009 ., MS Office 80% . Google Docs, MS Office.

Microsoft SQL Server ( )

, Microsoft. 䳿 ASP- -. Microsoft . Windows NT/2000 .

Microsoft Solution Framework (. MSF)

Microsoft Surface ( Microsoft) (. multi-touch, )

Microsoft Surface ', 30- ( ). , ' , , , . ' ' , , , , , ( ) . . , . Surface surface computing, Microsoft . Surface computing , 㳿 , ' - ̳ . ' , Bluetooth, WiFi RFID, - , . - , , 䳿, , . , (drag and drop) . MID (Mobile Internet Device) (. -)

Middleware ( , , ' , )

() ( 볺 ). , ' . 7- ISO/OSI 6-7 ( ). 볺 . ( , ). . (API) ' . - , , ' .

() ' , middleware - , (glue together) ( ) , . Middleware , , , . 1990 . , . (middleware): Distributed Computing Environment (DCE) ( Open Software Foundation), Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) ( Object Management Group) Component Object Model (COM)/Distributed COM ( Microsoft). Midgard

, (Open Source). Midgard , . PHP , Midgard PHP . Midgard - - : (), ( ) ( ). , - "<[" + <'_> + "]>". Midgard , . , - , . PHP- .

MIDI (Musical Instruments Digital Interface, Musical Interface for Digital Interchange - )

- ' , 1983 . ' , . , , , , . MIDI , . MIDI MIDI, , . MIDI , . , - (, ). MIDI- () , , -.

MIDI (Music Instrument Device Interface)

. MIDI , , . 䳿 MIDI- . - General MIDI, Roland MT-20 . MIDI- ( ), . MIDI- ', -. MIDI- : - , 쳺 MIDI-; -, MIDI-.

MIDI Interface

MIDI-. - ' , 12 15 ().

MIDL (Microsoft Interface Definition Language - )

. MIDlet ( MID - . Mobile Information Device - ) (. MIDP, ) MIDP (Mobile Information Device Profile - ) (. Java ME, )

, Java , , . MIDP (MIDlet) - Java, ( 100 ). - . MLDP Java Platform, M^ro Ed^on (Java ME) Java ME - CLDC. , , (MDlet). MUDP i80s i50sx Motorola, 2001 . MIL (Module Interconnection Language - 䳿 )

䳿 () , . . , , , . , , (). , , .

MIMD (Multiple Instruction, Multiple Data - , )

(. MISD, SISD, SMP)

() , ( ) ( ). - '.

' . . , . MIMD ' ( ' ), , ' (shared-memory multiprocessors). , , .

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions - )

() , RFC 2045-2049, , ASCH, (), , : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) . , SMTP MFME, SMTP/MFME . TCP/IP. , . , MIME- , . , , , . , MIME , . , - MIME- , . HTML-, -, MPEG, - , .

MIPS (Million Instructions Per Second - [] ) (. )

̳ ( 䳿) (CPU). MIPS , . CISC- , - . , 䳿 MIPS . meaningless indicator of processor speed ( ), - marketing's idea of processor speed ( , ). , MIPS ', , , - (I/O). mirror ( ) (. )

(') ij, , .

() , ﳺ -. , (downloads) . .

mirroring [RAID 1] ( ) (. RAID, SCSI)

. - . , RAID 1, ( , 2- SCSI-). ( - ) . , SCSI-, RAID.

MISD (Multiple Instruction, Single Data [stream] - , )

(. MIMD, SISD, SMP)

' . . , . , ( ) . '. - .

MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technologies - , Ҳ, --ҳ)

- , . MIT, Artificial Intelligence Lab, Lab for Computer Science, Media Lab , ' . MIT , ' (, Multics .).

MJPEG (Motion JPEG - JPEG, )

() , JPEG. , . MJPG .

MMC (Microsoft Management Console - Microsoft)

Wmdows 2000 Wmdows NT, , .

MMC (MultiMediaCard - ) (. ')

-'. 1997 . Semens AG SanDsk. -' NAND Toshiba. - ', , .. : 24x32x1,4 . 4 ': MMC, RS-MMC, MMCm-ioWle MMCmicro. MMC SD- (Secure Dgtal card, SD card) SD. , SD- MMC MMC-. MMC SPL , MMC . ' SD, MMC, . 2004 . 24x18x1,5 RS-MMC (Reduced sze MMC). RS-MMC , "" MMC. Dual Voltage Reduced Sze MMC (MMCmobne), 3 , 1,8 . 2009 ., 4.4 ( 2009 .).

MMDB (Main-Memory DataBase - , ; IMDB - In-memory database - ') (. IMDB, , )

' '. ' . , , . MMDB ', , , . 7 1998 . TmesTen , ' (MMDB), 64- . 2005 . , TmesTen Oracle, Oracle TmesTen Li-Memory Database.

MME (MultiMedia Extensions - ) (. MCI)

ѳ (API) Windows ( ) , Windows 3.0, : ) () ; ) MIDI; ) ( , , ..); ) ; ) ; ) RIFF. MME (gfx). MME ( , , / , ), ( , ..). ' MCI. MME (Waveform Audio) . , , . DirectSound.

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики