О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 22

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(. NET) (), Microsoft .NET Framework (Common Language Runtime, CLR) .NET Framework. , MSIL, . CLR. , ( C# Visual Basic) - .NET -MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language).

MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure - , )

. , . SCSI

MTBF 1 000 000 .

MTS (Microsoft Transaction Server - Microsoft)

, (middleware), . MTS -, , , '. , MTS .

MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit - )

(), . , Ethernet 1518 . multi-homed computer ( ')

(') , ' . , , .

multi-homed host ( ) (. )

', . ֳ , ( ).

multiagent systems (. MAS)

multicast ( () ) (. broadcast, unicast)

, . , , .

multicasting (, , ) (. broadcast, unicast) ' ( ') , (Broadcasting), .

multimode fiber [MMF] ( )

, , . (2 ). multinetting ( ')

' IP .

Multiplexer (. )

multi-touch [multi-touch screen] ( - ) (. Microsoft surface, )

, Apple Inc 2009 ., () , , . , , Multi-touch , . Multi-touch , . , , - . , ' (, MS Word ).

Mumbot (. Joomla, )

Musepack (. MPEGplus)

MVC (Model-View-Controller - --, MVC)

, ' (View) ' (Model) (Controller).

MySQL (My Structured Query Language - )

³ , 2009 . 6 . Sun Mcrosystems, 26 2008 - MySQL AB $1 . 2009 . Oracle Sun Mcrosystems. MySQL GNU General PubHc Lkense 糺, . , , ' . LAMP. MySQL , ( 볺) , , MySQL . MySQL : MylSAM, , InnoDB, . , MySQL EXAMPLE, . GPL-, MySQL ' . , , World Wde Web, Wkpeda, Google Facebook.

- N -

N-tier application (N- )

. N- , . .

NAK (Not AcKnowledged, Negative AcKnowledgment - )

- , NAK. . ASCII 21 (15h). ³ (, Xmodem) , . . ACK.

name resolution ( )

() /, . IP-. 䳺 DNS, , ' , IP-.

namespace (. )

namespace XML (. XML)

naming ( ) (. , ')

NAMPS [N-AMPS] (Narrow-bandwidth Analog Mobile Phone Service - NAMPS)

() Motorola '. ' AMPS .

nanosecond [ns] ()

10-9 = 0,000 000 001 .

Napster

, ( 18- ϳ- (Northeastern Unwe^ty) ) 1999 . 2001 . . Napster p2p (peer-to-peer) -. , . , , peer-to-peer , . . Napster - MP3. narrowband ( )

'. ϳ 64 / . NASDAQ (National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation)

. NASDAQ 1971 . ', (NYSE .), ( , , , ). , , NASDAQ. , NASDAQ, , .

NAT (Network Address Translation - )

() IP- , ' . ϳ IP , IP-.

NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications - [ ] ')

Գ , . (University of Illinois), , 1994 . - Mosaic. , .

NCSA (National Computer Security Association - ' )

(), -. ICSA.

NDIS (Network Device Interface Specification - )

() , Microsoft 3Com ( 1990 .) , '. NDIS .

NEC Corp. (Nippon Electric Company - , NEC) (. ')

. NEC , .. , . ˳ NEC MultiSync, - , . '. , 2003 . ' Earth Simulator, NEC , , , . Linpack, ( Rmax), 35 860 , Earth Simulator (Rpeak) - 40 960 . NEC - ' Hewlett-Packard ASCI Q, Rmax = 7 727 Rpeak = 10 240 .

Nested Element [CHILD Element] ( , , , , )

(XML) XML-, .

NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface - )

L3/L4, NetBIOS . 1990- Microsoft Windows, TCP/IP. NetBOS. NetBEUI NBF (NetBIOS Frame Protocol). NetBEUI NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NBT), NetBEUI Wmdows Wmdows 2003. Samba (SMB- ) NBT, IPX, NetBEUI. NetBEUI  , , , , NetBEUI (IBM NetBEUI , 20 - 200 ). NetBEUI , , .

NetBIOS (Network Basic Input/Output System - -)

IBM PC. , -, Sytek Corporation IBM 1983 . ̳ (NetBOS mterface), TCP UDP. NetBIOS , NetBEUI, IPX TCP/IP. Wmdows NetBEUI IPX. Wmdows TCP/IP. NetBEUI IPX NetBOS , TCP/IP TCP. NetBIOS TCP/IP NBT (NetBIOS over TCP/IP). NetBIOS (API) / .

netbook (. )

Netizen (. citizen of the net net citizen netizen)

, , , . 1990 . (Michael Hauben), ACM, IEEE and IEEE Computer Society (www.columbia.edu/~hauben/)).

Netscape Navigator

-, , - Windows, MacOS UNIX. Netscape Communications Corporation, 1994 . (James H. Clark), Silicon Graphics, (Marc Andeerssen), Mosaic. , Microsoft Internet Explorer - Netscape Navigator , Netscape .

NetWare

, Novell, NetWare DOS, MacOS UNIX 㳿 , , Ethernet Token

Ring. . NOS.

network ( [ ']) (. ' )

network bridge ( )

, , , .

network center ( )

̳, ( ) , , . (collapsed backbone) - , , .. .

network file system (. NFS)

network operating system (. NOS, ) network to network interface (. NNI) newbie (, , ) newsgroup ( , )

, .

UseNet, , .

NFS (Network File System - )

, ' , , UDP . NFS UNIX-, PC ( Windows NT) Macintosh ( ', ) , ﳿ '. Sun Microsystems 1984 . RFC 1094 ( 2) RFC 1813 ( 3) .

NGN (Next Generation Network) (. ' )

NIC (Network Interface Card - ) (. , )

() , ' ' . ( , , ). , , , ' .

NIMA (National Imagery and Mapping Agency - [] ) (. gazetteer)

(ò) 1996 . DMA (Defense Mapping Agency - ³- ) ( SPOT Pan, SPOT MS, Landsat TM ..) (http://www.nima.mil). ( ) (ARC Digital Raster Imagery, ADRI ARC Digitized Raster Graphic, ADRG), , ARC system, .

NMS (Network Management System - )

, . , : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) .

NMT 450 NMT 900 (Nordic Mobile Telephone - , 450 900 )

⳿ . ³ . NMT 450 ', ( - GSM 900).

NNI (Network to Network Interface - )

' . NNI , NNI , WAN. NNI 䳿 , 䳿 -.

NOC (Network Operations Center - )

- , . ֳ , , ..

node ( ) (. )

, (', , , , ..). - .

Nokia

Գ - , , , IP-. - Kena^em! - - , Գ䳿 . 1865 . . 1960 . , , , 1992 . . NoWa , 128 445 120 , 150 EUR 50,7 . , 38% 2009 . , GSM, CDMA W-CDMA (UMTS). 2006 . Nokia . '.

northbridge ( ) (. southbridge, )

, , ' , AGP. , , AGP PCI, ' -'. .

NOS (Network Operating System - )

, , , , . Windows NT, Windows 95, Windows 98, Novell NetWare LANtastic.

NOS (Network Operating System - )

, , ' ' , . NOS : ) ; ) , , , , ; ) ; ) , , ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) . NOS : ) Csco IOS (Cisco Internetwork Operating System), Gsco ; ) NOS BSD, ; ) NOS Lmux; ) Mcrosoft Wmdows Server; ) NOS Novell Netware. , , Mac OS X Mcrosoft Wmdows, Wmdows 2000, NOS, .

NOS (Nokia OS)

NoWa, NoWa OS . , , (IntelHgent System Architecture, ISA). , NoWa, ISA Java ME. ѻ.

notebook (. )

notepad computer (. ' )

NTFS (New Technology (NT) File System - NTFS) (. FAT)

, Microsoft Wmdows NT, - Wmdows 2000, Wmdows XP, Wmdows Server 2003, Wmdows Server 2008, Wmdows V^sta Wmdows 7. ϳ '- , ' , . , ' . NTFS FAT, MS DOS, Mcrosoft Wmdows. NTFS FAT HPFS (Kgl! Performance FUe System): ) , ; ) (Access ontrol Lsts, ACL); ) . NTFS Windows 95 Unicode.

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики