О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 23

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NTVDM (NT Virtual DOS Machine - DOS Windows NT) (. , )

, ' Windows NT , MS DOS.

number cruncher [Number crunching] ( , ) (. ')

. '. . ', , .

, .

, . NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline - )

, 3D Studio Max. , . : . , , NURBS . NURBS (points) (control vertices, CV). .

NVIDIA nfiniteFX engine (NVIDIA nfiniteFX []) (. engine)

3D- , GeForce3 ( NVIDIA) nfiniteFX Engine. , , nfiniteFX Engine ' : , ' , . ϳ nfiniteFX Engine , . , 㳿 㳿 .

- O -

OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards - )

̳ , , ( IBM, Corel, Sun , , Microsoft). 㳿 XML, - SOAP, UDDI WSDL. OASIS , XML

www.xml.org. XML XML- business-to-business. (United Nations Center for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business, UN/CEFACT) OASIS , - XML. Electronic Business XML (ebXML) . (ebXML).

Object Browser ( ')

Object Browser ', . , Visual Basic (Visual Basic Editor) Visual Basic for Application MS Excel.

Object Pascal (. Delphi, Pascal)

obstruction (, ')

, , PCI . , / , , .

OCR (Optical Character Recognition) (. )

octet ( - ) (. )

OCX (OLE Custom eXtension - OLE)

, Windows. , , Active (Active Controls) OLE, OLE- DLL.

ODAPI (Open Database API - API ) Borland API .

ODBC (Open DataBase Connectivity [interface] - 䳿 ) API ( ), Microsoft 1991 . , . , Windows , . SQL Call Level Interface Specification, SQL Access Group. . , API, , Windows API, . ODBC : ) ( ); ) ODBC ; ) ODBC ; ) ( , , Interbase, Oracle .). Microsoft , OLE DB.

³ , Windows Windows NT. , - .

, , , Oracle, Sybase, PostgreSQL, Informix .

ODMA (Open Document Management API - API )

API 䳿 . ' .

OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer - , )

- , . .

, , 糿 , . , Acer IBM ', Aptiva. OEM-. Compaq, , ' , Intel. Intel OEM-, OEM-.

OFDM (Orthogonal Frequence Division Multiplexing - , OFDM)

5 . Intersil. off-line [offline] ^- - [])

() . , ' . , , .

() , , - . , ' .

ff-the-shelf ( - )

, , . , off-the-shelf components - .

ff-the-shelf software ( [] ) (. )

, , , , .

OGC (Open GIS Consortium - ò)

̳ , 2002 . 220 , , . ³ , (OpenGIS Abstract Specifications) , -, , ' (. OGC). , OGC, - () , .

OGG Vorbis ( OGG Vorbis, Vorbis) (. AAC, ACS, AMR, Dolby Digital 5.1, DSS, FLAC, MMF, MPS, MPSpro, MPEGplus, WAV, WMA)

³ , 2002 . , AAC, AC3 VQF, MP3. , Vorbis, 䳿 MP3 , , . ³ , (8-48 ) ( 1 25 / ), , , . , .. Unicode, , .

OGG- MP3 , ( 64 /) MP3pro. Vorbis Ogg, .ogg ' Ogg/Vorbis Ogg Vorbis. ' Ogg Vorbis , Ogg.

OHA (Open Handset Alliance - []) (. )

- , Google, HTC, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, Samsung, LG, T-MobUe, N^a, Wmd Rwer Systems . 5 2007 . Google 34 , , , .

OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) (. )

OLE (Object Linking and Embedding - ' ' )

, ' Microsoft . , ' , 볺 '- . ̳ DLL-, .

' ' ', Microsoft. OLE . , ' OLE-㳿. OLE ( ) , , . , . , ', 볺, , ', - . OLE (compound documents), ' (drag-and-drop), . -, -, , , , HTML , , , XML SGML. OLE 볺, . , , , 볺. , OLE Mcrosoft Excel, Excel .

OLE custom controls ( () OLE)

OCX. , . 㳿 OLE 2.0

OLE DB [OLEDB, OLE-DB] (Object Linking and Embedding for Database - ' ' , OLE )

( - Nile), Microsoft. 㳿 Open Database Connectivity API OLE. (Universal Data Access, UDA). COM-, 볺 . -. -, OLE DB, OLE DB-. OLE DB , . OLE DB SQL Server 7.0 Microsoft, , (MS SQL

Server Query Processor) . , ' .

OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode - , ) (. )

. - 㳿, , , . , . OLED- , , .

OMA (Object Management Architecture - ' )

, OMG '. : ) CORBA (Common Objects Request Broker Architecture - ' ) - 䳿 ' ; ) Object Services (' ) - ; ) Common Facilities ( ) - ; ) Application Objects (' ) - .

OMA (Open Mobile Alliance - []) (. )

, . ': (Sony Ericsson, Thomson, Siemens, Reti Radiotelevisive Digitali, Nokia, Openwave, Philips, Motorola, Samsung, Texas Instruments), (Telefonica, Vodafone, Orange, T-Mobile), (Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, IBM, Oracle Corporation, Symbian, Celltick, Expway, Mformation, InnoPath, Motive, Discretix). 2002 . , : WAP ( (browsmg) ), Wrieless VUlage ( ), SyncML ( ), 䳿 ', . , , , , . OMA , .

OMAP (Open Multimedia Application Platform) (. TIOMAP)

OMG (Object Management Group - ')

1989 . 11- Object Management Group (OMG) , 2003 . 800 -. . OMG (Model Driven Architecture), ' () (Architecture of Choice for a Connected World) : CORBA, CORBA/IIOP, UML, XMI, MOF, Object Services, Internet Facilities Domain Interface.

on-line (. -)

on the fly ( )

, . : ) , ; ) , - , .

' : ) ' ; ) ﳿ (CD-ROM, DVD ..) , ( ), , CD-ROM CD-R CD-RW ; ) , , OTFE (On-The-Fly Encryption); ) 㳺 () ; ) - (hot swappmg) ' .

' 䳿, , - 䳿. 㳿 - , HTML- 볺 -, cookie (, 볺 ', ' ), 㳿 Microsoft Active Server Page (ASP). ( ) . , Visual Basic for Application (MS Excel), Var1 Dim: Dim Var1 As Double, ' Var1 : Var1 = 43.718. Var1 . one hop set

, (hop) . open sound system (. OSS) open source software (. OSS)

OpenGL

(API). API 1992 ., ' 1993. OpenGL - , GL Silicon Graphics (SGI). , OpenGL IRIS GL - IRIS SGI. OpenGL - , ' . OpenGL , , . Open , , . - Architectural Review Board (ARB), DEC, IBM, Intel, Microsoft Silicon Graphics. OpenGL . OpenGL . , OpenGL . 100 , , , , , . Windows Windows NT .

OpenGL ICD (Installable Client Driver OpenGL - 볺 OpenGL)

, OpenGL , API.

Opera Mini

HTML- Opera Software. Opera Mini GPRS- , . Java. , Opera Mini , , .

optical cable [optical fiber cable] (- )

, (optical fibers). , , , , . . fiber optics, optical fibre. optical fibre ()

- , . . optical cable, fiber optics. OptiSync

ViewSonic, - . , OptiSync , .

Oracle

Microsoft . 1977 . : (Larry Ellison), (Bob Miner) (Ed Oates). 1979 . Oracle, 2.0. SQL ' DEC PDP-11. -, ( Oracle), 98 100 , , Fortune. 145 . 2005 50 000 . Oracle Inc. . . Oracle , : -, . , Oracle Inc., : http://www.oracle.com/technology/products/. - , , -.

, ( - ). Oracle . - - Oracle.

Orange book ( [] )

, -. . Green Book, Red Book, White Book, Yellow Book.

, 1985 . ' , (Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria), (Do 5200.28 STD) ' ( ), ' . (A, B, C, D): D - ; C1 - , ; C2 - (); B1 - (clearance) ̳ ; B2 - ' , ( ); B3 - , , ; A1 -, , .

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики