О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 24

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ORB (Object Request Broker - ' , ')

, ' ' ' . OMG. RPC MOM - ORB '. 䳿 ' ' ', , .

(. orbiter) , , .

orchestration () (. choreography, Web Services Choreography, Web Services Choreography Model)

(-) - -. -, . , - () - . , 䳿, () - .

orgware ( ) (. -, -, )

(.) , , . -, ' . - , orgware , , , ' . - , , ' , . ' ' , : . - , -. , , ' ( , , , , ..), : , , . , - .

OSI (Open Systems Interconnection - )

̳ ' .

OSI reference model (Open System Interconnection reference model - OSI) OSI, 1980- . ( ISO 7498), 䳿 , ' . , : ) (Application Layer), (OSI), ; ) (Presentation Layer) . : ) (Session Layer), '; ) (Transport Layer), ; ) (Network Layer) , ; ) () (Dta Link Layer) . , , ) (Physical Layer), .

OSI. ̳ , ISO .

OSPM (Operating System Power Management - )

, ': ) ; ) ; ) . OSS (Open Sound System - )

UNIX- . OSS Lmux Sound Driver - Lmux, FreeBSD, OpenSolaris .

OSS (Open Source Software - )

, , , , , . Linux Python (ϳ) . , , , .

, ' , Open Source Definition Open Source Initiative (http://www.opensource.org).

OSS (Operations Support System - )

' , ' .

outsourcing (. , ) (. ASP [1])

, (IT) IT- , (Gartner Group, 1999). . (, , , (ASP) .).

( ).

. , . (, , .) -䳿, 䳿, , , . overclocker, overclocking (. , ) OWL (Web ontology language - ) (. )

ѳ , W3C. . OWL Lrte , , , . OWL Lrte, OWL. , OWL Lrte 쳿, . OWL DL , , OWL, (, , ). OWL DL . OWL Full , RDF. , OWL Full . OWL Full 㳿, (RDF OWL) . , , - OWL Full. , OWL , Semantic Web, . , , WOL. , ' , "³-" ' WOL, OWL , .

- P -

p&p [plug&play] (. plug&play)

p2p [peer-to-peer] ( , , ')

ϳ (peer-to-peer) , ' . ֳ , , , ' , . ' 볺/. .

, ' ( ) 볺 ( ). . Napster, ' () . Universal, Sony Music, EMI, Warner Music BMG, (Recording Industry Association of America, RIAA) Napster , , . Napster . peer-to-peer ( , 2). p2p-䳿 , ' 볺 . ' , 䳿 ', (!). p2 2002 . KaZa. 20 . KaZa 3-, - , , . KaZa, p2p , , Gnutella Audio Galaxy.

PaaS (Platform as a Service - ) (. , ) (Solution stack) . -, . , , - , - , (without download) - , - . PaaS- , -, - , (team collaboration), - , . , , , , , - (application versioning), (application instrumentation) (developer community facilitation). PaaS , , , , , 䳿 () , - - .

package (. )

packet switching ( )

page layout ( )

page layout (- ( ))

PAL (Phase Alternation by Line - , ) (. SECAM)

, 1963 . . 90 . , , 볿, ϳ . : 25 /, 625 (FH = 15,625 , FV = 50 ), YUV-. 볿 PAL-M (525 )

palmtop [computer] (. ')

paradigm () (. )

parent element ( )

(XML ) , .

parity ()

. ' RAID 2, 3, 4 5 - .

parser (, )

. , , , , 䳿 .

(XML) - (XML parser), XML-, HTML- (Jscript, VBScript, Java ).

parsed character data (. , ) parsed entity (. , ) Pascal ()

, ͳ ³ (Niklaus Wirth) 1968 . . ³ . , , . , , . - 30 . Pascal . ' ' (Philippe Kahn) (Anders Hejlsberg) Borland International () 1982 . Pascal, . Turbo Pascal 1.0 (, Pascal). '- Object Pascal - 90- . Delphi.  Turbo Pascal , '- , , , , , , , , , , (). , ++, 52 18 , Turbo Pascal 7.0 20 , ' 4 , .

password (. )

patch cable (' [])

³ , (, ) (patch panel) . : ) ( , STP, UTP); ) , .

pattern () (. , )

PB (. )

PByte (. )

PC (Personal Computer - ') (. ')

PC Card (PC , PC , ) (. PCMCIA)

, PCMCIA-, . ' (memory cards), - (fax/modem cards), LAN 1,8- (PCMCIA Type III 1.8-inch hard disk drive), SCSI-, ', , -', CD-ROM, , MPEG- . ' - '. PC : Type I, Type II Type III. 54 (2,12 ) 85,6 (3,37 ) . , Type I, 3,3 , Type II - 5,0 3,3 . PC Card Type III 10 Type I II.

PC xx Design Guides ( )

, Microsoft, , ( ) Windows. - , Designed for Windows ( Windows) . : PC 97 Hardware Design Guides, PC 98 System Design Guides, PC 2000 System Design Guides...

PCA (Physical onfiguration udit) (. )

PCDATA (. , )

PCI (Protocol Control Information - )

, , OSI, . PDU.

PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect - PCI-, ' , , PCI)

2.1 (1995 .) (33 66 ) 32- 64- (, ..), Intel 1993 . VLBus, EISA, MCA Turbo Channel (DEC). . 528 , - . 1995 . . 3-4 PCI. - 107x295,2 , .

PCL (Printer Control Language - ) (. PDL, PostScript, TrueType, )

, LaserJet, DeskJet RuggedWriter Hewlett-Packard. - .

PCL 5 [PCL Level 5] (Printer Control Language - , PCL 5)

(. PCL)

, Hewlett-Packard 1990 . Laserjet III. PCL 5 , ESC (1Bh). , , , , , , , , , HP-GL/2 . PCL 5, PCL 6 ( 1996 . LaserJet 5).

PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association - ' ' ) (. PC Card)

, 1989 . - - ', . ' . 1990 ., 1991 . - PCMCIA 2.0. 1995 . CardBus, 2001 . - CardBay.

' '. - ', . , PCMCIA , PC-. PCN (Personal Communications Network - ')

. PCN (Personal Communication Number - )

, '. . . PCS2.

PCS (Personal Conferencing Specification - ) , Intel 12 .

PCS (Personal Communications Services - ')

' , 㳿 . FCC (Federal Communications Commission USA) '. , CDMA (IS-95), GSM IS-136. PCS . 1850-2200 , 4,8 28,8 /. 1995 . FCC 糿 PCS-. PCS ( F), .

PCS (Process Control Systems - )

PCS (Peripheral Chip Select - )

PCX ( PCX, PCX-) (. BMP, TIFF, )

⠠ , Zsoft Paintbrush. 1:1,5. 64 000x64 000 . .

PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) (. ) PDA (Parallel Disk Array - )

RAID- ( ) 3 ( ). PDC (Personal Digital Cellular - ')

'. . ³ TDMA. PDF (Portable document format - )

, Adobe Systems () , : , , , .

PDH (Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy - ) (. SDH, SPDH)

- . , , ' . . .

PDL (Page Description Language - )

, , , ( , , , ..). , , PostScript Adobe HP-GL PCL 5 HP. . .

PDL (Program Description/Design Language - / )

- , . , , PDL , . PDL UML. CASE- . , Rational Rose, Visual UML .

PDU (Protocol Data Unit - [ OSI ]).

PDU ' , (') . PDU (Protocol Control Information), .

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