О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 31

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UII (User Intellectual Interface - ) (. )

UL (Underwriter's Laboratory)

, . , , , .

Ultra3 SCSI

SCSI-. Ultra160 SCSI Ultra160+ SCSI. 32- , , REQ/ACK. Ultra160 SCSI

SCSI-, 1999 . , Ultra2 SCSI. Ultra2 SCSI Ultra160 SCSI Ultra160 SCSI .

UMA (Unified Memory Architecture - ')

, , , . 䳿 ' ' ' '. ' DOS BIOS , PCI . Windows , .

UML (Unified Modeling Language - )

' - , , , , - , . 1997 . OMG ' - , CASE-. UML Rational Software Corporation 1994 . (Grady Booch) (Jim Rumbaugh). (Unified Method 0.8) ' 1995 ., (Ivar Jacobson), OOSE (Object Oriented System Engineering). , UML : ,

, ' - . UML , , ' - , . , , , . ֳ ' : ) ( ) (use case diagram); ) (class diagram); ) ' (object diagram); ) (behavior diagram); ) (component diagram); ) (deployment diagram); ) (, 䳿) (collaboration diagram); ) (sequence diagram); ) (activity diagram). . ' , : ) ( ); ) ; ) , ; ) ; ) . UML , CASE- (Rational Rose, Select Enterprise, Platinum, Visual Modeler, Visual UML .). () UML : C++, Delphi, Visual Basic . . Rational Unified Process.

UML architecture ( UML)

UML- , : ) -; ) ; ) ; ) '. , ' ' , : , , .. . UML : ) (use case model). ; ) (class model). : ; ) ' (object model). '; ) 䳿 ' (collaboration model) (sequence model). 䳿 ' , ; ) (behavior model). ' ; ) (activity model). ( ) ; ) (component model). ' ; ) - (deployment model). . . UML UML. - . - . : ) ) '- . , '- -, (COM, DCOM, JavaBeans, EJB) , (, IDE RAD).

UMPC (Ultra Mobile Personal Computer - ') (. )

'. - (MID) .

UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System - ' )

() ( ) ' . ESTI GSM. , , , . ³ - 384 /c ( ) 2 / 10 . UMTS , GSM, UMTS .

UNC (Universal Naming Convention - )

, ' Windows 2000. 볺 ( ', ..). , ' Windows 2000 . UNC , .

Unicast ( )

, .

Unicode ()

ISO 10646, 16- . 16- , 65 536 . - , ', , 糿 (, , ' .). ϳ XML. universe of discourse (. ) UNIX ( UNIX)

, Bell Laboratories (. -ճ, . -) 1969 . г. . UNIX ( HP/UX, Red Hat, Linux, IBM AIX, Solaris Sun Microsystems, SCO UNIX .). . WWW ' . unmanaged device ( )

, . update (, , )

, .

, . . uplink/normal ()

. . Uplink (uncrossed) ' Normal (crossed) .

UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply - )

, ' . '-. ' , . 㳿, , , , .

URI (Uniform resource identifier - ) (. XRI)

' (, , , ), . , . URI , , , ' . - URL URI.

(XML) IETF , . URI IETF RFC 2396. , ( ), URI .

URL (Uniform Resource Locator - [] [] ) ( - ) (. XRI)

(), . . World Wide Web, Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), , HTML, , ( .) - , HTTP. URL ' , . , ' (domain name) ' '. URL-': http://www.mhrcc.org/kingston. ' -, , -, ' ' www.mhrcc.org. ' Kingston . HTTP URL - -, . URL , (common gateway interface - CGI) Perl : http://whatis.com/ cgi-bin/comments.pl. URL , '-볺 (download), "ftp" : ftp://www.somecompany.com/whitepapers/widgets.ps.

, .

(XML) , . URL , , HTML. URL, W3C, RFC

1738.

URN (Uniform Resource Name - ' ) (. XRI)

(XML) IETF (persistent) , . : ) , (urn); ) ; ) , . URN RFC 2141. ³ URN.

USB (Universal Serial Bus - , USB)

(., ) , ' . , 1995 . ' (Compaq, IBM, Intel, NEC, Microsoft, Digital Northern Telecom) . RS-232 SCSI-. USB 1.0 1996 . ϳ ', . ' . USB 127 ,

- ' , - 12 /. USB- : - , 5 . , . ϳ plug and play, . USB ( USB ). USB- ', mini- micro-USB. USB . USB , . : ) USB 1.1 - 12 / ( 1 /). USB, ; ) USB 2.0

- 480 / ( 50 /). USB . , USB 1.1 ', USB 2.0, USB 1.1.

USB 3.0 (Universal Serial Bus 3.0 - 3.0, USB 3.0)

Գ , ' 2008 , , , ' 2009-2010 . USB 3.0 USB 2.0. USB 2.0 - / , - - . USB 3.0 ' ( ), . 򳺿 , . USB 3.0 4,8 / - 480 /, USB 2.0. USB 3.0 , 500 900 .

USB-host (USB-, USB-)

, , ', USB-' . , USB-host, ' , . ' USB-. USB-host , .

USB hub (Universal Serial Bus Hub - USB )

, USB, 3Com, USB- , , , . , USB- . , - USB-, , , - USB-.

USB Network Interface (Universal Serial Bus Network Interface - USB) ' USB- Ethernet. , Network Interface Card (NIC), . USB . - 10 / 100 /, ' . USB USB-㳿 Ethernet 10 /.

USB OTG (. On-The-Go - )

USB 2.0, ' USB- . , , USB OTG. , USB OTG, ࠠ 蠠 USB-.  堠 -, , , , . ' USB- . ', - ( ). , -, , . , USB .

USB wireless ( USB) (. WUSB, )

USB ( 2005 ). ' ( 480 / 3 110 / 10 ).

use case (. )

user interface ( ) (. GUI, MMI, multi-touch, Microsoft surface)

, () , ' . : ) , ; ) , . : ) ; ) ; ) ) , , 㳿 Multi-Touch ( Apple, Inc) 㳿 Microsoft Surface.

userbar (. )

USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Services Data - ) () GSM. GSM- . , : * # (, ), - . USSD- ..

UTF-16

(XML) , 16- Unicode. ϳ XML. Unicode ISO/IEC 10646. UTF-8

(XML) , 8- Unicode. ϳ XML. UTF-8 RFC 2044. Unicode ISO/IEC 10646.

UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair - )

, , . UTP , , STP .

UUCP (UNIX-to-UNIX copy program - UNIX UNIX)

. UNIX, USENET . UWC (Universal Wireless Communication Consortium)

' - , , ' AMPS (ANSI-136).

- V -

Valid XML document (XML- []) (. XML)

(XML) XML-, , DTD. . Well-Formed [XML] Document.

VBA (Visual Basic for Applications - Visual Basic )

Microsoft Visual Basic, Microsoft Office . () , Visual Basic, ( MS Office). VBA , , MS Word, MS Excel MS Access, ESRI, ArcGIS. , VBA , : MicroGrafx, Visio, Autodesk, Oracle, Great Plains Software, Macola Dow Jones.

VBScript (Visual Basic Script)

ϳ Visual Basic, -. ֳ '-볺, .

vCard

() . vCard- vCard-, . , vCard- (', , , URL, , ). 2.1 볺. vCard .vcf. VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier - )

( ) , , , , . . VPI, VPL, .

VCL (Visual Component Library - , VCL)

'- , Borland . VCL Delphi, C++ Builder Borland Developer Studio , , , VCL. VCL , , , ( .. ), , , . VDB (Visitor Data Base - )

() , .

Verbatim

Գ Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, , . Verbatim 1969 . ' . Verbatim CD-RW DVD-R-. Verbatim, ISO 9000, 򳠠 (ϳ ), 고 (³), 고 (), (), () (). Verilog ( Verilog) (. HDL, VHDL)

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики