О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 38

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(network architecture) (. )

㳿. Գ (physical topology) - , ' . 㳿. (bus topology), ' ', ' . , 㳿, . , , 㳿. 㳿 (star topology) - (hub), ' - . , , . , , (distributed star topology), ' . ' , . , . (logical topology) , . . 㳿: .

(. 2, peer-to-peer architecture)

(software architecture)

. г , , , , . . .

(systems architecture)

, ' (, , , ).

(superscalar architecture) (. )

, () , . ' . ' Intel Pentium 1987 . , , RISC . , CISC . RISC-, CISC-. (data warehouse architecture)

, .

(John von Neumann architecture) (. apximempa apapa) , , , ' (main memory), . ' , . ' , (, ). ' , (John von Neumann) First Draft of Report on the EDVAC (1945 .), . , ' ENIAC (J. Mauchly) (J. Eckert), . , , , . ' , (Harvard architecture).

(architectural design)

(). , 䳿, , .

(architectural element)

(W3C) , , , , . ' .

[] (. assembly)

(assembler) (. aeepa, po-aeep)

, () - ' () . . npopa, .

(. pnmopaia ^ ipm ) (asynchronous data transmission) (. xpoa nepeaa ) , , , ' , , ' . . , , '. (asynchronous event)

, . (asynchronous)

(M) , , . , , , . / . . ' '. (asynchronity)

, . ACK (. ) [] (associative array)

(.) ( ), ( ) , : ) INSERT^k^, ); ) )(); ) "(). , . (k,v) v , k. ò[0() , , ' UNDEF, , , , . ( , , ).

(association)

(ϳ - associatio) ', .

(.) ' , ' . - . , : - . : - , : - .

(UML) ' ' . UML-, . , , , . (, .), . (aspect) ( . aspectus - )

, ' () .

() , ' - .

() , ' (advice) (point cuts) , '- , ' (fields) (methods). . .

- (aspect-oriented programming) ( )

(atom)

' Lisp. , , - . , . , - , .

XML , , . , - . Atom RSS - , . Atom Google, RSS - Microsoft. (atomic data)

, . , , (, - ) - . (attribute) ( . attributum - )

. ' , .

, ' , , , , (, , , ) ' .

() (tag) HTML.

, (attribute character).

(UML) .

(UML) - . ' . () . .

() , X.500 (X.500 Directory Service). , . . (Read) ( ) .

() ( ).

() , , , ', . (type expression), . , , ' . , ', ' .

(, ò) , , , CAD-, .

Ω (ò) ', ( '), .

Ω (.NET) , , , , , . .NET Framework , 䳿 . (class attribute)

() , . . (file attribute)

ϳ , . . , MS DOS , , . . (. attachment) (audit)

() , , .

( Windows NT) ³ .

(.) .

(physical configuration audit, PCA)

, , , , , . [-] (audience)

() - (-). ' -. (audio) (. [] , )

, , . , , .

(. , [] ) (audio stream) (. [] )

. (authentication certificate)

. ̳ , , , , 䳿 . , , . (authentication) (. , )

() . , . , . ', () , ' , . , - , , , . ' ' (SID), . , , , , .

. , . .

, ( ). (. outsourcing, ASP)

- -

( . bug - , software bug) (. )

(.) - , , ' , . ' ' (Grace Hopper), ' Mark 1947 . : First actual case of bug being found. (multicast packet)

() , . (multi-dimensional database, MDBS and MDBMS)

, ' . - , , , .

[ , , ] (multitasking)

( ). () . MS Word WinAmp. , . ³ (, MS DOS) - MS Windows Linux.

(multiuser [system])

, ' . , . (polygons) (. )

(ò) ( ) Գ, , , - . , . , , - , - . , . [ ] (multithreading)

( ) () . , , , '. .

(.) . [] (multisession disk) (. )

, , , , . (. )

[] (multitier architecture, N-tier architecture)

, . : (), . Windows , , ' (/DCOM). . N-tier application.

[ , ] (geodatabase) (. )

(ò) . dz () , , , . , , , . '- ArcGIS, '. '- (), , , , ' .

(database, DB) (. MMDB, , )

, ' . , , , . , , , . , .

[] (local access database, LAD)

, ; . . , . . ֳ LAN-. , . . , .

'- (object-oriented database)

, '- . ' , . . .

(knowledge database, knowledge base, KB) (. KADS, knowledge acquisition, knowledge management, , )

(ز) , , . . , , - . [] (database creation) (. )

[ ] (textual DB, word-oriented DB)

, ' . ϳ , . - , , .

(base address)

(.) , , ' (base memory address) (base / address). .

(. )

- (basic input output system, BIOS) (. BIOS).

[] (base station, BS)

() , , ( ) (), 䳿. 䳿 , , , '. -, , . (base station controller, BSC) (base transceiver station, BTS). (mobile service center, MSC).

(base class)

0 () , .

() , , (derived class). . .

[] (base data type) (. )

() , . , , : byte (), boolean (), integer (), single ( , () ), double ( , ), string ( ). (, , .). , , . '-, , - .

(byte) (. , )

̳ ' , . , ', '. ( ). , . :

1 (byte) = 8 .

1 [] (K, Kbyte, kilobyte) = 1024 .

1 [] (MB, megabyte) = 1024 = 1048576 .

1 (GB, gigabyte) = 1024 1073741824 . . , , , .

(bytecode) (. Java, CLR)

- , . . , - , . 0 255, , '. , . - , . , , . Java, Python, PHP, Forth, C# .

(Java) , , Java. ³ , , , - ' - Java- (JVM). Java " " - "just-n-tme" (JIT) .

(banner) ( . banner - , ) (. aepa epea)

(BeT) , -, (, .). , . GIF, JPEG, PNG ' (, Slverlght, Java, Shockwave Flash). , .

(banner network) (. aep)

(BeT) ' , , , , , .

[] (banner advertising)

-, (banner) -. . , ( gif, flash .).

[] (banking system) (. )

, , . ' . .

(cash machine, ATM - automatic teller machine)

. , . .

(drum) (. aep npmmep)

, . , ( ) . , , . ( ) , . , . , (, .), . , , .

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики