О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 4

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64

80486 (1)

1989 .

20 ;

1,2

32

4

1

64

80486 (2)

1991 .

50

41 ;

1,2

32

4

1

64

80486 DX4

1994 .

53

ò

1,6 :■■::::]

32

4

0,6

64

. : () (2) 8087, 80287, 80387

ѳ , Intel : 8087 - 8086; 80287- 80286; 80387 - 80386. . , .

--

A2DP (Advanced Audio Distribution Profile - )

, , ( Bluetooth) , , , .. , Bluetooth-, (, , , .) A2DP.

AAC (Advanced Audio Coding - , AAC) (. AC3, AMR, Dolby Digital 5.1, DSS, FLAC, MMF, MP3, MP3pro, MPEGplus, OGG Vorbis, WAV, WMA)

, iTunes. , MP3, . AAC MP3 . . : ) .M4A - AAC; ) .M4B - AAC, ; ) .M4P - AAC, -, iTunes Store.

abandonware ( . abandon - , ; software - ) ( , , ' ), -, . , abandonware .

ABI (Application Binary Interface) (. )

AC3 [AC-3] ( AC3, AC3) (. AAC, AMR, Dolby Digital 5.1, DSS, FLAC, MMF, MP3, MP3pro, MPEGplus, OGG Vorbis, WAV, WMA)

, Dolby Laboratories. ̳ ' . - Dolby Digital.

account (, )

(, ) , . , . ' , .

() , , , ' .

( ) , , , ( , ..) .

AC (Alternating Current) (. DC)

(.) . . - 220 , - 50 . 60 .

ACK (ACKnowledgement - , ) (. )

acknowledgement (. )

ACM (Association for Computing Machinery - )

̳ - - -. 1947 . SIGGRAPH , (, SIGGRAPH -' ; SIGPLAN - ; SIGOPS - ; SIGDA - ..). ' , , ' , . 1968 ACM .. (Computing Curricula) (computer science, CS), ' 1965 ., 1972 . - (information systems, IS). Computing Curricula AIS, AITP IEEE.

ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface - ^ , ^^ ACPI)

³ , Intel, Microsoft Toshiba. . ' ( ) , BIOS. BIOS , ACPI , . , ACPI , ' . ϳ Windows 98/2000 Windows NT 5.0.

Acrobat Reader (. Adobe Reader)

ActionScript (. )

(Flash) Macromedia Flash, Flash-, Flash- . JavaScript -. Flash 4- - 5- ActionScript.

active matrix (. )

Active Server Page (. ASP)

ActiveX ( ActiveX)

() 㳿 (OLE custom controls) ( OCX). OCX (OLE Custom eXtension) - . , , , . COM DCOM.

actor (. )

Ada ()

, - , , ' , . , . , , (1791-1871 .). ADC (Analog Digital Convertor) (. - ) add-in (, ) (. plug-in)

, '. , , ' , , (') ' . add-in program [add-in's] ( [ ]) (. plug-in)

( ), . . () . add-in-, ' . MS Office (Word, Excel .) add-in^ (), (Add-Ins) (Tools) Windows.

ad hoc () (. )

' 㳺 Wi-Fi ('-' '- ). Ad Hoc ' ( - 8). 450 . , , - ( ) Wi-Fi. ' 񳺿 . ' , 䳿 .

ADO (ActiveX Data Objects - ' ActiveX, ' , () ADO)

ActiveX, , OLE DB. Microsoft, OLE Automation OLE DB

(Data Base), ' OLE DB - , . ADO- (dual) ' ' (data-bound) . , COM-'. ADO.NET (ActiveX Data Objects NET) (. .NET)

, MS .NET Framework. ADO .NET , .. ADO.NET .

Adobe Reader 6.o

Adobe Systems Inc. ( - Acrobat Reader), .pdf, - ' - . , ' , , - .

ADSL (Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line, Asymmetrical DSL - ) (. xDSL)

. 㳿 HDSL ( DSL). (cable modem). 㳺 . ADSL, . ADSL () . 5 / 24 /. , ADSL- . ADSL- . ³ , - , . ADSL- , ': ) USB-; ) LAN; ) Wi-Fi. , Wi-Fi- , ' , , . ADSL 1,5 9 /, - 64G /. 5,5 .

ADT (Abstract Data Type) (. )

adware ( )

, , (software). - , , freeware (, ), !. , -freeware , , . , , , ' ad- (ad - ad vertisement - , ). - adware. . spyware.

AFTP (. anonymous FT?)

AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port - )

, , Intel . 133 PCI. ' 1997 . AGP: AGP 1x, AGP 2x, AGP 4x 266, 533 1066 / . 1998 . Intel AGP 2.0, 2000- AGP, AGP 8x (2 128 /) (1,5 0,8 ), . , AGP, ', . AGP '.

AIS (Association for Information Systems - )

, 1994 ., ' , (information systems, IS). AIS . 1997 AIS ACM AITP .. (Computing Curricula) IS.

AGRAS (Anti-Glare anti-Reflection AntiStatic - , , )

(.) 17" . ʳ AGRAS- . air interface ( )

() ' .

AITP (Association for Information Technology Professionals - )

1951 National Machine Accountants Association ( ) 1996 . '. (Computing Curricula) (information systems, IS) ACM AIS 1985 .

AIX (Advanced Interactive executive - )

UNIX, IBM. AIX ' PS/2, , ' , IBM -.

AJAX ( . Asynchronous JavaScript and XML - JavaScript XML)

AJAX - , -. ϳ -. AJAX - . - . AJAX : ) DHTML -; ) 㳿 , 񳺿 . AJAX , Google , , Gmail, Google Maps Google Suggest. . Google.

Algol (Algoritmic Language - i ) (. )

, ϳ (Peter Naur) 1960 . ( Begin End), , ' , , ' . Algol 60-70- . '. , Barrows () ' , , Algol. , Algol , , Pascal, Begin End, (;). . Pascal. Altair ()

, 1974 . MITS Intel 8080. (Basic) '. , Microsoft.

ALU (Arithmetic and Logic Unit) (. - )

AM (Active Matrix) (. )

AMD (Advanced Micro Devices - )

, (), , -' ' . Sunnyvale (. , ). AMD 1969 . 70- . Intel - 8080A ( 8080). 90- NexGen, AMD AMD K5 ( 75-116 ). , 1999 . AMD Athlon (K7) Duron. 2003 . AMD Athlon 64 FX 㳿 AMD64. ³ AMD. 32- 64- . 2005 . Microsoft, Red Hat, SuSE TurboLinux, AMD64.

America Online ( AOL)

AMOLED (Active-matrix Organic Light-Emmitting Diode - ) (. )

, . (3-, ..). c LCD- : ) ; ) ; ) - - ; ) ( LCD), ; ) ( ); ) ; ) .

AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone Service - , AMPS) (. D-AMPS, NAMPS)

() ' . , 糿 . '. 825-845 ' () ( ) 870-890 - ' ( ). 600 - 30 . , NMT-450i, ' , . ' . , D-AMPS.

AMR (Audio Modem Riser - - / )

(.) ³ , , . AC'97. AMR ( ) , PCI. / . Pentium II/III.

AMR (Adaptive Multi Rate - , AMR) (. AAC, AC3, Dolby Digital 5.1, DSS, FLAC, MMF, MP3, MP3pro, MPEGplus, OGG Vorbis,

WAV, WMA)

() , . AMR . - . AMR ' .

android ( - droid) ( - . aner, andros - )

. andr-, , , , ^des, - , ( edos). - - . ³ ˳- (Mathlas VUHers de l^sle-Adam) (1888-1889), (Tomorrow's Eve) , (Hadaly). , . .

, Lmux. Andrcrid (Palo Alto, Calforna, USA), Google, Open Handset AlHance (OHA), 47 , . Java , Google . AndnHd 5 2007 . C Andrcrid Native Development ʳ. , Andre^d, HTC T-Mobtie G1, 23 2008 . Andrcrid.

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики