О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 6

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, -.

--

B channels (Bearer channels - B-) (. PRI)

-񳿻. 64-/ ISDN 64 / - . (. D channel).

B-ISDN (Broadband ISDN - IDSN, , B-ISDN)

ISDN. ITU-T ( 1 544 /), Narrowband ISDN , , .

B2B (usiness-to-Business - , ) (. eBusiness, G2C)

. , , .

, . , , , . ϳ 2 : ) Procurement Systems - ' , . , - (back-office); ) Supply Chain Management - , . 2 . . B2B portal.

B2B Portal (BlB-) (. )

, 䳿 . B2B-op . . () . , , , .

B2C (usiness-to-Consumer - -) (. eBusiness, G2C)

, .

, . 2 , , ! .

back-end ( ' ) (. front end) , ' .

. .

( 볺- ), .

back-end database ( ) (. front end)

, , , (, SQL ). , , , , . Back-end , , . . , . - Microsoft Access. - , , - . , . 볺- . back-end database , , 볺- .

, -, , ' . eCommerce. , , , . back end software ( )

, 볺, 䳿, . back-end systems ( )

, ( ) 蠠 ', 고 . , , - , . back office ( ) (. back end, front end, middleware)

() , - .

(.) ³ - , -.

back office application ( )

, 䳺 볺, , , (ERP), , 䳿 , ' , .

backbone (, , , )

' . , ( ) (, 10Base5 ).

'. , ' . ' .

backup ( , ) (. )

, , , , . ﳿ , , . , (streamer), ' .

bad sector ( ) (. )

ij , . , . . , , .

Bandwidth ( )

() ', ; '. . , Ethernet 10 /. , ( ), , . , .

() г , ().

bar code ( )

() , , , , '. ' , . , (Universal Product Code, UPC) , (US Post Service) POSTNET ZIP. , , MS Word, .

BASIC ^ All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code - , Ѳ)

(), '. 1963 . (John Kemeny & Thomas Kurtz), Dartmouth College in Hanover (New Hampshire, ) , '. , . '. - Altair ( MITS) Microsoft , Basic. IBM PC Basic : ' Basic. 27 1982 . Microsoft BW-BASIC, , Microsoft BASIC. 20 1991 . Windows World-91 . () Microsoft Visual Basic. ̳ ISO ISO 10279 1991 . RAD- Visual Studio Microsoft Visual Basic Visual Basic .NET. . Visual Basic.

batch file (. )

baud [bd] ()

J. M. E. Baudot (1845-1903 .) ', . , / ( ). , . , . bps (/) - , . , 14 400 / 2400 , 6- .

BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation - )

. ̳ , , .

BBS (Bulletin Board System - ' ) (. )

' . , , . BBS - ' , ' ' ( , ).

BCD (Binary Coded Decimal - - )

, . , .

BDE (Borland Database Engine - Borland)

Borland Inc , (API) 䳿 - . BDE 1990 . ODAPI (Open Database API).

bean (. EJB, J2EE, Java, JavaBean)

(), Java, JavaBean EJB. , .

BEDO (Burst Extended Data Out DRAM - EDO , ' BEDO DRAM) ' EDO DRAM. VIA Technologies, , Intel, 㳿 EDO. ' , . RAM Intel 430 HX VIA 580VP/590VP. ' SDRAM.

benchmark ( )

, . ', .

best-of-breed solution ( ) (. )

г, , . , , 볺 (customer relationships), 򳺿, .

best-of-breed tools ( )

, ( ).

BI (business intelligence - ) (. Data Mining)

, 㳿 . BI - , -, . BI Knowledge Management (), ' (, HTML-). KM , , . BI- BI- BI-. , , . BI- - (online analytical processing, OLAP), BI (enterprise BI suites, EBIS) BI-. BI-. OLAP- , OLAP- BI- BI-.

Big Blue ( ) (. IBM)

International Business Machines (IBM), .

billing (. )

Bind (. , ') Binding (') (. ')

BIOS (Basic Input/Output System - /) (. ' )

̳, BIOS.

, (ROM) (PROM), ( ROM BIOS). . BIOS - , '. BIOS (.. , . POST - Power-On Self Test), (, ), (Boot Loader) (, CD ..) . BIOS - (.. ), : , . , BIOS , -, , , . BIOS , BIOS ': , , , . (RAM) , ' (ROM), ' , ' BIOS ROM . ' Shadow Memory ( '). Flash BIOS, BIOS', - ROM . BIOS , , , , , , . ' - , , . BIOS, Plug-and-Play, Pn BIOS. 㳿 BIOS ' Flash ROM. BIOS ' x86. ' , , SPARC PROM.

Bit (binary digit - , , ) (. ) .

bit-map [bitmap] ( , )

( ): (0 1) (, ). , ( ) ', ( ). , . , .

() '. , .

bit rate [bitrate] ( )

() ( ). , . , . : 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 7200,

9600, 14 400 28 800 /.

() - / . (, ..) . ³ . , , . , ' , . : 128 / 1 ( FM-), 320 / 2,8 ( CD). BizTalk server ( BizTalk)

Microsoft, -, .

BLOB [blob] (Binary Large OBject - ')

, ( , 10-100 ) ( ). ', , , , , .

, ' - . . . blog (. )

BlowFish ( , , BlowFish)

, (Bruce Schneier) 1993 . 4 . ( 44B ). .

Bluetooth [] ( )

(. Wireless personal area network, WPAN). , , ', , , , , , , , , , , ' 1G 1GG . . ( ) I (Harold I Bluetooth), ' - '. ֳ, Bluetooth . Bluetooth , Wi-Fi (2,4 ). , ' Bluetooth Wi-Fi . Bluetooth 1.2, . Bluetooth 1.2 . Bluetooth 2.G - . . Bluetooth 1. 721 /, 2.G 2.1 /. , . Bluetooth multi-cast, .

BMP (bit map) (. bit-map)

, Windows. , , .bmp.

BOF (beginning of file - )

BOF (birds of feather - )

, , - .

boot ( ) (. bootstrap)

. , , bootstrap. , (PROM) -' BIOS, , , , , ( ) , . (cold boot) - , , (warm boot) - ' ( Reset ). "" , POST , , , , () .

bootable diskette ( )

, , '.

boot drive ( , )

, . : ( ), : ( ) .

boot loader ( , , ) . , ', ', . , , , . ' ' ', (, Windows).

, ( -' -) '.

. bootstrap loader. boot partition ( , )

( FAT NTFS) , , ( ) '. boot record [BR] ( )

, ( ), ' . .

boot sector ( )

. ̳ (boot loader) , .

bootstrap () (. boot)

' , ( : ).

bootstrap loader ( )

, '. , , . ROM , BIOS. booting ()

() . border node ( )

() , (peer group) , , ', .

BPA (Business Process Automation - -)

' -, , .

BPE (Back Propagation of Error - )

. BPEL (Business Process Execution Language - -)

-, 㳿 XML. . XML-Related Terms and Definitions. BPML (Business Process Markup Language)

-. . XML-Related Terms and Definitions. BPR (Business process reengineering - () -) (. )

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