О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 66

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, () . , Delphi (Object Pascal) FloatToStr (x) x , Visual Basic - CInt(x) - x .

(protocol conversion)

, . (peripheral devices)

' , ' (, , , , ) . .

(period) (. , , )

. (perception)

( ) , . (personal computing)

- ', ' ( ).

' [] (personal computer, ) (. ', , , , , ', ', '-, ', , , ', , , , , , ', , -, , , , ' , , , ', , , ', -, , , , , , )

( ), () , , . , , ' - ' () : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) CD-ROM, CD-R, DVDROM CD-RW; ) ; ) ; ) (); ) ; ) ; ) ; ) . . ³ , ʻ IBM PC, 1981 . IBM. ' , ' , () , . . IBM PC, IBM.

. , .

. , , (), .

(personal organizer) (. ' -, -', )

. , , . . , , : , , . Pocket Informant Agenda Fusion. , , Speereo Voice Organizer. , , , .

' (personal supercomputer) (. ', ')

' , ' . .

(personal digital assistant, PDA) (. handheld computer, handheld PC, ', ')

. . -, / . ', . PDA ' 䳿, . , , , .. , , , , , , , , ', , . : - '. 90- PDA . ) handheld PC (HPC, ) - , , . - 16-25 , 1-3 8-15 ; -300-900 . - 19 56 /, , ( , ); ) subnotebook (). - 25 18 . (1,5-3) , - 15-19 , - 1-1,5 . - 640 480 ( 8 ), 256 65536 ; ) Palm PC (PPC, ). , , ' , , . 240 . 480, 4 16 , 256 65536 . ' . (14-17 9-11 1-3 ) (120-400 ). , , CompactFlash . PDA ( ), (mobile phones) (smartphones) - (web browsers) -. PDA , (intranets) (extranets) Wi-Fi ()

(Wireless Wide Area Networks, WWANs) '. 㳿 (touchscreen technology). PDA Casio PF-15115-S6, 1983 . PDA 7 1992 . Apple (John Sculley, Apple Computer CEO). 1996 Nokia 9000 Communicator PDA-, .. (smartphone). , 2009 PDA ( 150 3 - -). PDA : , , ( ) - CD-ROM DVD.

(. )

[. ] (pertinence) (. )

() .

(first normal form) (. )

г , , . , , , .

(PB, PByte - , )

', (250 ). 1997 . ' 24 . ', , . . , , , , , .

(. ' )

[ , 䳿] (. 2, peer-to-peer, )

[ ] (halftone illustration, halftone image data)

(A) - , , () , .

[] (podcasting) (. RSS)

RSS. ϳ , () ( MPS) . PodCasting . XML RSS- (RSS feed), (, MPS-) , , . RSS-, ' '. ' . podcasting iPod ( Apple) broadcasting (. , ). , RSS. , Linux Journal, World of Ends podcasting: Personal Option Digital Casting - . - MPS-, , . - .

, 2006 . (http://www.m-w.com), . , . , RSS. , - . - youtube.com.

[ '] (subclass)

() , . ̳ ( ) . , - , - , . -.

(enterprise digital assistants, EDA) (. ', , )

' , . - - (bar code), (RFID) (smart card). , (small to medium enterprise, SME). (data capture mobile devices) (batch terminals).

(. enterprise)

[] (subroutine, procedure) (. , )

, (: routine, procedure, function, subroutine).

, , 䳿  . : ) , ; ; ) , . .

'- , (, Delphi) , ', , .

(Object Pascal) . ϳ . . . , 䳿. : ) ; ) ; ) . . . ( ) , . ( ) , . (sublayer)

. OSI . (subdivision)

, . (subsystem)

() , .

() , , . , .

() , ' , . ϳ . . 䳭 , , , . , , , , .

[] (decision making support) (. BI, data mining, ò, , , , )

ϳ -' , , (), . , , 㳺. , 㳿 OLAP, Data Mining, , 㳿 (ò), . , . ò. , , , . , 㳿. .

(pixel - picture element) (. , , , )

, . ( , ), , , . () , , VGA: 640 . 480 16- . (. , ) [] (icon, ikon) ( 㳿 Microsoft - )

() ' ' ( - ). , , . ' - Windows, ' '. (.doc, .exe ). .ico, (.exe), (.dll) .. ϳ ' ( ), , , . - ' .

, Windows, , . . , , ' - 䳺. 䳿 , ' .

(document file icon)

, . MS Office, Windows, . , MS Word .doc .rtf, MS Excel - .xls, .xlt . Windows , , () . () , . , , , MS Word (.doc .rtf) MS Excel, . (.pdf, .djvu ..), , .

[, ] (pin)

, ' . 쳭.

(piracy (. softlifting, software piracy)

( ) , / , (pirated software).

; ; . (. BSA, software piracy)

(personal Computer, ) (. ', ')

- (notebook) (. )

(. )

(. plug-in)

(planning)

, .

' [ ', ] (tablet PC, tablet computer) (. ', ')

(laptop) ' (mobile computer), (touchscreen) ( - graphics tablet) ' (stylus) (digital pen), . tablet PC , . , e-mail. ' - - ( ). - , , 180 . ' (tablet PC) Microsoft 2001 . ', (pen-enabled computer), Windows XP Tablet PC Edition.

(tablet netbook) (. ', ')

, 㳿 Multi Touch (-) (Apple, Inc), TouchSmart (HP) . , ' (, 10" 1024 . 600). : Intel Atom N270 (1.6 ), ' - 1 , - 160 SSD 16GB, : 3 USB, VGA. ' 802.11b/g 802.11n, WiFi, Bluetooth 3G - ().

(tablet notebook) (. ', ') , 㳿 Multi Touch () (Apple), TouchSmart (HP) . , ' (, 12,1" 1024 600). : AMD Turion X2 ATI Radeon HD 3200 Graphics; - ; - -' .

[: , , ', ] (board, card) (. , )

, , ( , , , ). , , ' -, , () .

, , - ()

.

(controller board) (. )

, , , . '.

[ ] (platform)

() , , , ' ' . . Ⳮ (API), , , , ( API). , Windows Windows ( API) Intel. Wintel. Macintosh Sun. . API, Wintel.

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