О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики - страница 7

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, , .

bps [Bits Per Second, b/s] (/)

. BRI (Basic Rate Interface - [], , BRI)

ISDN. PRI (Primary Rate Interface) . BRI - 64 / D- ISDN-. , , 128 /; 2B+D 2B1D. BRI ISDN . bridge (. )

bridge page [redirect page, enter page] (-)

-, . - , . -. 䳿 -.

Broadband (, )

() , . ( ) .

() '. 2 /.

() . , , , . . - . , .

Broadband networking ( )

, (modulation). (frequency division multiplxing) . , ( , , .). . odulation, frequency division multiplxing.

broadcast (, , - ) , - .

, a , . Ethernet.

ົ . browser (. )

BS (bachelor of science - )

BS (backspace - , ASCII)

BSA (Business Software Alliance)

. , Microsoft 11 1988 . . BSA (web-site: http://www.bsa.org/bsa ) 15 , Microsoft, Autodesk, Novell, Symantec.

BSA (Business Software Association)

- , BSA.

BSA (Boy Scouts of America - ) BSC (Base Station Controller - )

() . BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution - 볻)

UNIX, , . (. , ). BSOD (Blue Screen Of Death - )

. Windows NT ( Windows) ' ( ). . ³ ' .

BTS (Base Transciever Station - - )

() , . bundled software ( )

, ' .

burst SRAM ( , ')

, -'. bus (. )

bus master ( , )

, .

- ( PCI). , . / . , . bus mastering ( )

, , , . , SCSI-. business solutions (-) (. )

() , , - (, , -̲ ( ), , .). button (. )

BXXP ( - ) (Blocks eXtensible eXchange Protocol) (. peer-to-peer network) , ' (connection-oriented), : ', '. /. XML- . BXXP- (peer-to-peer) ' . BXXP TCP HTTP .

bytecode (. , Java)

- C -

C (see - , , )

() , (, C U later - ()).

( ѳ)

(ѳ) , , , Bell Telephone Laboratories (Bell Labs) () г (Dennis M. Ritchie) 1972 UNIX. BCPL (). ѳ , . ѳ, , , , . ѳ . d , C++, , ѳ, Java C#, ѳ . ѳ Turbo C Borland International.

C++ ( ++, ѳ++) (. , )

++ ( ) ' . , , , : , , '- , (generic) . 90- . ' . ' (Bjarne Stroustrup) Bell Labs () 1980 . (ѳ) ѳ (C with Classes). , (++) - ѳ. , ++, x = 3 y = x++, y = 3, x = 4. , y = ++x, y = 4, x = 4. ++ ' 52- ( , , .), ' 18 . , , (++) (--), : (*=), (/=), (%=), (+=), (-=), (<<=) (>>=). : (&), ( | ) ( ) ( ), (&&) ( ||) . , ' , : , , , , -, . , , , - ', , , , , .. , ', 䳿 '. C++ , : ANSI (The American National Standards Institute), BSI (The British Standards Institute), ͳ DIN (The German national standards organization) , , 2003 . ̳ ISO (The International Standards Organization) - ISO/IEC 14882:2003. ++ Visual C++, Visual C++ .NET (Visual Studio.NET) C++Builder ( Borland).

C# (ѳ )

(.NET) , -, ' - (Web-services), . Microsoft 2000 . .NET Framework. C# - '- , , . (Anders Hejlsberg), Turbo Pascal Delphi/Object Pascal. ³ (Scott Wiltamuth). # '- - Visual C# .NET Microsoft. 2003 . C# CLR ̳ (ISO) .

2 (customer to customer - )

, . - - .

CaaS (Communications as a Service - ' ) (. )

() ', ( CaaS) , IP- ( , Voice as a Service, VaaS), -', .

cable Modem ( )

, ' , on-line.

cache (. )

CAD (Computer Aided Design - )

, ', , 䳿 '.

CAD/CAM (omputer-aided design/ computer-aided manufacturing)

. , , , .

CAE (Computer-Aided Engineering - CAD/CAM)

'. ( ). . VPD.

CAE (Common Applications Environment - )

, POSIX Ⳡ ѳ. UNIX-, X/Open. CAE (central assembly element - ) CAE (communications and electronics - () ) CALS ( [, ] )

(CALS), ' . - , . CALS- 䳺 . CALS , : ) 1985 - Computer-Aided of Logistics Support; ) 1988 -Computer Acquisition and Logistics Support; ) 1993 - Continuous Acquisition and Lifecycle Support; ) 1995 - Commerce At Light Speed. CALS- , - . , . CALS : ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) , ; ) ; ) .

CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacturing - [ '] )

, . ( ).

CAMEL (Customized Application for Mobile Network Enchanced Logic)

() IN (Intellegence Network - ) GSM. 堠 , 堠 볺 '. campus (. ) campus network ( )

' , . CAO (Chief Administrative Officer - ) (. CEO, CFO, CIO, COO, CSO, CTO, Chief Knowledge Officer) card reader (. )

careware ( . care - . software - )

. - charityware. - (shareware). , .

CASE (Computer Aided Software Engineering - )

, ' , , , (). , (), , () , , , , , , . CASE- . , , . CASE- . . .

case study ( )

, . , .

-. , , , ( , , .) .

, () .

Catenet

, -' , ' (gateways) . .

CAV (Constant Angular Velocity - ) (. CLV)

/ , CD-ROM. ϳ , .

CBSD (component-based software development - ', , CBSE) (. COTS, CBSE)

, , . ϳ , , . 㳺 ' (component-based software engineering, CBSE), (off-the-shelf, COTS) .

CBSE (omponent-based software engineering - ', CBSE) (. COTS, CBSD)

, ' 1990- . , ' . COM, DCOM CORBA.

(carbon copy - )

ϳ - , , , .

(country code - )

, - - . . Bar-code.

CC2005 [Computing Curricula 2005] ( CC2005, '-2005)

(curriculum report), , (IEEE-CS, ACM, AIS AITP) ' ( ) . : Computing Curricula 1991 (CC'91, CC91), Computing Curricula 2001 (CC2001, S2001), Information Systems 2002 (IS2002), Software Engineering 2004 (SE2004), Computer Engineering 2004 (CE2004). 2005- CC2005 , , ' ' (computing). ³ , ' : ) ' (Computer engineering, CE); ) ' (Computer science, CS); ) (Information systems, IS); ) 㳿 (Information technology, IT); ) (Software engineering, SE). CC2005 , '.

CCD (Consumer Computing Device - ' )

CCD (Charge-Coupled Device - ', ) (. CMOS-matrix) . , . CCD- - ( '). . CCD - . , , . Sony Alpha Olympus E-series. CCD , CCD-.

(, , ), , .

CCITT (International Consultative Committee for Telegraphy and Telephony - )

ϳ ̳ (ITU) . CCITT , Recommendations () . - ̳ ' (ITU-T). CCM (content and collaboration management)

. CCS (Common Command Set)

SCSI, ANSI. CD (Compact Disk - - [-, ])

4,75 (12 ), . . Philips Sony 80- . 90- CD .

CD (clock driver - ) CD (carrier detect - )

, , .

CD-ROM (Compact Disk Read-Only Memory - - , , CD-ROM) (. - optical disk)

, -, () - . 120 (4,75") 1,2 . Philips Sony 1983 . CD-ROM 650 . 150 / ( 1), 52 6-7,5 / (50). ( 12) (CAV). -: CD-Audio, CD-Graphic, CD-MIDI, PhotoCD Kodak. - , , . . CD-ROM 2 .

CD-RW (Compact Disk Rewritable [Read-Write] - -)

-, ( ). CD-RW - CD-R, () CD-RW.

CDFS (Compact Disk File System - -, CDFS) (. Windows NT)

, -, . ϳ , (CD-ROM). Windows 95 Windows NT. CDI (Customer Data Integration - )

CRM. , , , , .

CDI [CD-I] (Compact Disk Interactive - -)

-. 1988 . Philips , (, -, - ).

CDI (Content Delivery Infrastructure - )

, -.

CDM (Code Division Multiplex - []) CDM (Conceptual Data Model - )

, . . .

CDM (Custom Device Module - )

CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access [ spread spectrum] - () , ) (. DAMA, FDMA, TDMA, )

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О В Азаренко - Тлумачний словникз інформатики