А П Загнітко - Лінгвістичні студії - страница 58
Keywords: poetic text, concept LAUGH, conceptual metaphor, metaphoric model, frame, slot.
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Correspondence: email@example.com Vitae
Inna Danyliuk is Post-Graduate Student of Department of Ukrainian language, Vasyl Stefanyk Prykarpattia National University. Her research areas include cognitive linguistics and text linguistics.
TEXT CORPORA TO STUDY OF A GRAMMATICAL AUXILIARITY
Department of Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics, Donetsk National University, Donetsk, Ukraine
Available 7 August 2012.
In modern linguistics which has high-powered hard-ware and technical facilities of personal computers (PC) and supercomputers that operate either by oneself or more frequently in network "cloud", the possibility of handling huge amount of empirical linguistic data opens up huge prospects. Although the point is about imperfection of solving the basic problems of computer linguistics - machine translation, speech recognition and synthesis, scientists and potential users in principal accepted partial defects of it some time ago, but the basic of theoretical and applied linguistics areas also receive a new momentum through the using of text corpuses (TC). The study of linguistic phenomena using TC enables not only confirmation or refutation of some aspects of the theory, but also allows the discovery unknown patterns of functioning linguistic units of different levels. The direction of corpus Linguistics confidently took a leading position in applied linguistics that started with a work Computational Analysis of Present-Day American English by H. Kuchera and V. Nel'son Frensis published in 1967. The theoretical basics of trend (Facchinetti) were rather elaborated; its methods (Wallis S., Nelson G.) that consist of annotation of corpora (layout), extraction (searching) data of corporas, and analysis of the corpora were produced. Nowadays the area is represented by several periodical publishing: Corpora, Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, ICAME Journal i the International Journal of Corpus Linguistics.
In the article, which author will make the first in a series of followings publications, he sets a goal to reveal the main stages of creation TC Ukrainian language for learning grammatical phenomena connected with function of functional parts of speech which include particles, prepositions, and conjunctions.
The author will try to realize the following objectives: 1) to describe the prerequisites of creation CT grammatical functional including the problem of choosing a manager corpora; 2) to determine the list of tasks that will spring up in the process of creation such as CT; 3) describe the theoretical basics for designing metalinguistic and own linguistic layout; 4) represent a system of tags for main functional units of the Ukrainian language.
Therefore the development of CT grammatical auxiliarity and as any text's corpora is a complicated prolonged process. Nowadays the creation of Ukrainian interface for corpora's manager NoSketchEngine Manatee/Bonito is completed and the system of tags for metalinguistic and own linguistic layout is developed and will be described in the following series of publications.
The most difficult task is to determine the quantitative and qualitative parameters of the criterion for representativeness corpora's texts and automatic's machinery layout.
► The article discusses the basic theoretical and practical approaches to the design of new corpora for the Ukrainian, which is designed among other general linguistic purposes for studying functional and communicative nature of the syntactic parts of speech (POS) - preposition, conjunction and particle. We describe the requirements for building, objectives set in the project, technical and program aspects of the corpora, tag system for syntactic POS.
Keywords: corpora, corpora manager, tagging, tag, syntactic POS.
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Dems'ka-Kul'chyts'ka, O. (2005). Osnovy natsional'noho korpusu ukrayinskoyi movy. K.: Instytut ukrayins'koyi movy natsional'noyi akademiyi nauk Ukrayiny.
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Shyrokov, V. A. & Buhakov, O. V. & Hryaznukhina, T. O. & Kostyshyn, O. M. & Kryhin, M. Yu. (2005).
Korpusna linhvistyka. K.: Dovira.
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pryymennykiv. Suchasna ukrayins'ka mova. Donets'k.: TOV VKF "BAO".
Zahnitko, A. P. & Sytar, H. V. & Danylyuk, I. H. (2012). Struktura i model' bazy danykh "Ukrayins'ki chastky ta yikhni ekvivalenty". Komp'yuterna linhvistyka: suchasne ta maybutnye. Materialy Mizhnarodnoyi naukovo-praktychnoyi konferentsiyi, 21-22. K.: KNLU.
Zagnitko, A. A. & Sitar', A. V. & Daniljuk, I. G. (2011). Osobennosti strukturirovanija bazy dannyh sluzhebnosti <-> vspomogatel'nosti: na materiale ukrainskih chastic. Problemy kompjuternoj lingvistiki: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov pod red. A.A. Kretova, 5, 56-67. Voronezh.
Rusanivs'kyy, V. M. & Taranenko, O. O. & Zyablyzh, M. P. (2004). Ukrayins'ka mova: Entsyklopediya. K.: Vyd-vo "Ukr. entsykl." im. M. P. Bazhana.
Biber, D. & Conrad, S. & Reppen, R. (1998). Corpus Linguistics, Investigating Language Structure and Use. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
Facchinetti, R. (2007). Corpus Linguistics 25 Years on. New York/Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Rychly, & Pavel, & Smrz, & Pavel. (2004). Manatee, Bonito and Word Sketches for Czech. Saint-Petersburg: Saint-Petersburg State University Press.
Wallis, S. & Nelson, G. (2001). Knowledge discovery in grammatically analysed corpora. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 5, 307-340.
Wynne, M. (editor). (2005). Developing Linguistic Corpora: a Guide to Good Practice. Oxford: Oxbow Books. E-portal: http://ahds.ac.uk/linguistic-corpora.
Correspondence: i. firstname.lastname@example.org Vitae
Illya G. Danyluk, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor at Department of Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics in Donetsk National University. His research areas include applied linguistics and grammar of Ukrainian language.
FUNCTIONING OF MINING PHRASEOLOGY IN EASTERN-SLOBOZHANIAN DIALECTAL SPEECH
Department of Social-Humanitarian Disciplines, Luhansk State Academy of Culture and Arts, Luhansk, Luhansk region, Ukraine
Available 7 September 2012.
Eastern-Slobozhanian Ukrainian subdialects have great importance in forming of phraseology by the features of local way of life, material and spiritual culture, a noticeable place is occupied by substandard phraseology units of jargon. Mining sphere is a special productive area that presented in the manners of people speaking in a definite areal. It is predefined by reasons of extralingual character, among that in particular traditionally high development of mountain business, social activity of miners, far of population of region participating to the mine production. Nowadays development of mining business, broadcasting of habitants adopts the all greater amount of lexemes and phraseological units from mining that needs a further study of this phraseology layer.
The purpose of the paper is to trace functioning of Eastern-Slobozhanian Ukrainian phraseological units of mining that directly do not belong to the mine production. Tasks
The declared aim predetermines the necessity of decision of such tasks: 1) to collect phraseology units, related to mountain industry and exist in broadcasting of habitants of natural habitat, however have direct attitude toward a mine production; 2) to distinguish the semantic groups of such expressions; 3) to find out their ethnocultural connotation; 4) to compare phraseological dialects and certain lexical units with those, that fixed in the dictionaries of different types.
Formation of phraseological units within the limits of mining professional jargon represents difficult cooperation of linguistic and social factors. Phraseological units with professional miner's terms productive processes, operations, characterize not only; characterize original appearance of man; mark, events, physiology processes. Development of phraseology fund of the professional broadcasting of miners allows to distinguish corresponding semantic to unity of expressions of "domestic" phraseological units, used by not only miners but also habitants of the settlements related to the mines (expressions with general values to do (to loaf) ', 'nothing lazy 'person', to 'execute superfluous, to nobody not necessary work', to 'drink, celebrating some occasion', 'very dirty').
Professional miner's jargon serves to native speakers for the secondary nomination of behavior, states of man for denotation of that is not corresponding expressive facilities in a literary language, slangy phraseological units are the expressive names of the already adopted states, properties, actions.
Active existence in broadcasting of habitants of natural habitat of mining phraseology allows to conduct further researches from the study of semantics and sociocultural connotation of expressions, and also to accumulate material for edition of dictionary of mining vocabulary and phraseology.
► The functioning of miners' phraseology in Eastern-Slobozhanian subdialects and ethnocultural connotation expressions are issued in the article. ► The classification of phraseological units due to their semantics was set defined. ► The linguistic basis of the research was real phraseological units of Eastern-Slobozhanian dialects. ► There were involved different phraseological sources.
Keywords: Eastern-Slobozhanian subdialects, areal phraseology, phraseological unit, miners' phraseology, semantic meaning.
Varkhol, N. & Ivchenko, A. (1990). Frazeolohichnyy slovnyk lemkivs'kykh hovirok Skhidnoyi Slovachchyny. Bratyslava: Slovats.
Busel, V. T. (2003). Velykyy tlumachnyy slovnyk suchasnoyi ukrayinskoyi movy. Irpin': VTF Perun. Dal', V. (1999). Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka: v 4 t. M.: Rus. Jaz.
Dzendzelivs'kyy, Y. (1996). Iz sposterezhen' nad profesiynym dialektom shakhtariv Makiyivky Donets'koyi oblasti. Ukrayins'ke i slov"yans'ke movoznavstvo, 350-352. L.: Nauk. t-vo im. Shevchenka.
Dobrol'ozha, H. (2003). Krasne slovo yakzolotyy klyuch: postiyni narodni porivnyannya v hovirkakh Seredn'oho Polissya ta sumizhnykh terytoriy. Zhytomyr: Volyn'.
Milyeva, I. V. (2005). Evfemizatsiya i dysfemizatsiya u frazeotvorenni hovirok skhodu Ukrayiny. Avtoref. dys. ... kand. filol. nauk: 10.02.01. Luhans'k.
Minyaylo, R. V. (2001). Aktyvni protsesy v areal'niy frazeolohiyi skhodu Ukrayiny. Dys. ... kand. filol. nauk:
Mokienko, V. M. (1989). Vglub'pogovorki. K.: Rad. shk.
Nikitina, T. G. (2003). Tolkovyj slovar' molodjozhnogo slenga. M.: Astrel': AST.
Kondratyuk, T. M. (2006). Slovnyk suchasnoho ukrayins'koho slenhu. Kh.: Folio.
Stavyts'ka, L. (2005). Argo, zharhon, slenh: sotsiyal'na dyferentsiyatsiya ukrayins'koyi movy. K.: Krytyka. Stavyts'ka, L. (2003). Korotkyy slovnyk zharhonnoyi leksyky ukrayins'koyi movy. K.: Krytyka. Uzhchenko,V. D. (2003). Skhidnoukrayins'ka frazeolohiya. Luhans'k: Al'ma-mater.
Uzhchenko, V. D. & Uzhchenko, D. V. (2002). Frazeolohichnyy slovnyk skhidnoslobozhans'kykh i stepovykh hovirok Donbasu. Luhans'k: Al'ma-mater.
Chabanenko, V. A. (2001). Frazeolohichnyy slovnyk hovirok Nyzhn'oyi Naddnipryanshchyny. Zaporizhzhya.
Correspondence: email@example.com Vitae
Tetiana O. Diakova, Candidate of Philology, Senior Lecturer at Department of Social-Humanitarian Disciplines in Luhansk State Academy of Culture and Arts. Her scientific interests focus on phraseology of Eastern-Slobozhanian subdialects and ethnolinguistics.
ATTRIBUTIVE COMPOSITE COMPLEX (ILLUSTRATED BY ATTRIBUTIVE COMPOSITE COMPLEX "-ОКИЙ") Olena Dontsova
Specialists' language training department, Donbas State Technical University, Alchevs'k, Luhansk region, Ukraine
Available 23 August 2012.
The theory of nominatheme development represented by V.I. Terkulov in his own works and in his pupils' works requires to produce a new viewpoint to the definite categories concerning not only onomasiology but also grammar, lexicology and word formation. A new interpretation of composite language system is especially attractive. There are woks advanced within the new paradigm. But first of all, they only have to do with Russian composites, in the second place they only have to do only with substantive nominathemes. The description from the position of the newest nominatheme approach to the attribute units is the firstly done in our research. The unit we call attributive composite complex becomes an object of the research. Unlike a nominatheme it is not a nominative unit. It is only the whole set of attributive composites which have an identical onomasiological basis. They are only nominally interrelated with paronym composite words which act as actualizators of nominatheme definite signs usually as substantive ones in syntagmas. The topicality of the work is specified by the fact that such units have never been considered by science that is why they are required to develop models of their description.
The purpose of analysis is to define the conception of attributive composite complex and to develop models of its description.
The declared objective is stipulated the necessity of such assignment solution as: 1) to define the conception of attributive composite complex; 2) to determine ways of attributive composite complex classification; 3) to reveal basic omomasiological models of attributive composite complex "-окий"; 4) to reveal basic models of formal attributive composite complex "-окий".
The conception of attributive composite complex allows to define composite categorization basic directions of concept homogeneous attribute signs which are typified with the help of the homogeneous attributive units from the onomasiological point of view. The work demonstrates that attribution usually advanced with the homogeneous formal and onomaciological division of reality.
Not only the creation of proper lexicographic works in which record homogeneous attributive units from the onomasiological point of view becomes promising, but it is very prospective to integrate such onomasiological models into the machine translation system. The creation of model attributive categorization permanent system in the whole system of attributive composite complex is having good prospects.
► A new composite unit is produced in the given research. ► It is an attributive composite complex which is the complex of composites having homogeneous formal semantic onomasiological basis. ► The author analyses the attributive composite complex ("-окий", i.e. with the definite eyes"). ► To establish a list of onomasiological models where this complex is implemented is the basic direction.
Keywords: attributive composite complex, nominatheme, onomasiological basis, onomasiological sign, onomasiological model.
Bljumina, O. V. (2009). Ishodnye modeli obrazovanija sintaksicheskih substantivnyh kompozitov -oboznachenij dejstvija v russkom jazyke. Shidnoslov'janska filologija, 124-130. Gorlivka: GDPIIM.
Blyumina, O. V. (2011). Substantyvni kompozyty zi znachennyam protsesual'nosti v rosiys'kiy movi. Avtoref. dys. ... kand. filol. nauk: spets. 10.02.02 "Rosiys'ka mova". Dnipropetrovs'k.
D'jachok, N. V. (2010). Vopros o semanticheskih i formal'nyh granicah nominatem tipa "slovosochetanie + univerb". VisnikDnipropetrovskogo universitetu. Movoznavstvo, 4/1, 104-108. Dnepropetrovs'k.
Kapshuk, L. (2009). K tipologii kompleksnyh ob"edinenij nominatem. Lingvistichni studi'i, 17, 143-145.
Karlova, T. Ye. (2010). Onomasiolohichnyy klas predykativ "myslennya" u rosiys'kiy ta frantsuz'kiy movakh. Nova filolohiya. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats', 37, 80-84. Zaporizhzhya: ZNU.
Pokotylo, O. (2010). Kvazikompozyty anhliys'koyi movy. Naukovi zapysky Kirovohrads'koho Derzhavnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni Volodymyra Vinnichenka, 102-105. Seriya: filolohichni nauky (movoznavstvo). Kirovohrad.
Terkulov, V. I. (2007). Slovo i nominatema: opyt kompleksnogo opisanija osnovnoj nominativnoj edinicy jazyka.
Gorlovka: Izd-vo GGPIIJa.
Terkulov, V. I. (2010). Nominatema: opyt opredelenija i opisanija. Gorlovka: GGPIIJa. Dokulil, M. (1962). Tvoreni slov v ceitine. I. Teorie odvozovdni slov. Praha: CAV.
Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org Vitae
Olena G. Dontsova, Post-Graduate Student at Department of General Linguistics and Russian Language of History of Language of in Horlivka Institute of Foreign Languages of Donbas State Pedagogical University on specialty 10.02.15 - general linguistics. Her research areas include comparative derivation of Ukrainian and Russian languages.
GRAMMAR AMD LINGUISTIC CATEGORIZATION
Department of Philology, Crimean Republican Institute of Postgraduate Pedagogical Education, Simferopol, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine
Available 20 July 2012.
The need of forming a new anthropocentric view on language problems, and, as a consequence, the development of a new theory of language recognizes by the most important task of modern linguistics. Following the logic of the development of linguistics leads scientists to think about the characteristics of the traditional anthropocentric units and the allocation on this basis the new language subsystems, categories and items.
Each of these subsystems performs its function in the process of reflection and fixation of experience of native speakers. And as it is necessary to account the interdependence of the subsystems of language in the mind of the individual, for the modern linguistics the analysis of the units is actual (concept, semantheme, proposition, etc.), which are intermediate between the semantics and the objective reality and thus reflect the anthropocentric content of language facts.
The purpose is to characterize the interaction of semantic and grammatical categories in the process of forming a picture of the world.
The purpose involves the following tasks: 1) analysis of anthropocentric organization of language and its subsystems; 2) definition of the role of language units in the process of fixing the picture of the world; 3) reflection of characteristics of the empirical and cognitive experience of a native speaker by facilities of grammar.
The formation of new paradigm in linguistics has determined the interest of linguists to the processes of language categorization to methods of reflecting in the language the cognitive experience. Handling this problem requires not only the development of new tools and categorical research system, but also significant changes in the views on the language, which today cannot be considered independently from man.
In the picture of the world the conceptions of reality and the social importance of experience is captured in the language units and categories. Each, even the smallest unit, is the creation of many generations, and therefore reflects not only how people see the real world around him, but also the history of the formation of these representations.
Categorization acts as a process of division of the universe in a relatively simple pieces, with which is structured the infinite variety of the world, reflected in a natural language that captures the totality of knowledge about the world, not only in the lexical-semantic, but also in the grammatical system.
Future prospects for the development of research in this area are due, in author opinion, to the identification of language units that will be considered categorization as a functional and pragmatically conditioned process that determines the development of the language system. This requires an analysis of invariant categories that are realized by alternating positional options, reflecting the relationship between structural and nominative language means.
► The article considers the concept of the language picture of the world from the point of view of anthropocentrism paradigm, is characterized by the interaction of semantic and grammatical categories in the process of forming a picture of the world, examines the concept which takes account of this interaction.
Keywords: picture of the world, grammar, anthropocentrism, category.
Azhezh, K. (2008). Chelovekgovorjashhij: Vklad lingvistiki v gumanitarnye nauki. M.: Editorial URSS. Bondarko, A. V. (2001). Osnovy funkcional'noj grammatiki: Jazykovaja interpretacija idei vremeni. SPb.: Izd-vo S.-Peterb. Un-ta.
Gasparov, B. M. (1996). Jazyk, pamjat', obraz. Lingvistika jazykovogo sushhestvovanija. M.: "Novoje literaturnoe obozrenie".
Gumbol'dt, V. (2001). Izbrannye trudy po jazykoznaniju. M.: OAO IG "Progress".
Zolotova, G. A. (2001). Grammatika kak nauka o cheloveke. Russkij jazyk v nauchnom osveshhenii, 1, 107-113.
Zubkova, L. G. (2003). Obshhaja teorija jazyka v razvitii. M.: Izd-vo RUDN. Karaulov, Ju. N. (2006). Russkij jazyk i jazykovaja lichnosf. M.: KomKniga.
Kravchenko, A. V. (2001). Znak, znachenie, znanie. Ocherk kognitivnoj filosofii jazyka. Irkutsk: Izdanie OGUP "Irkutskaja oblastnaja tipografija #1".
Kravchenko, A. V. (2004). Jazyk i vosprijatie: Kognitivnye aspekty jazykovoj kategorizacii. Irkutsk: Izd. Irkut. gos. Un-ta.
Mel'nikov, G. P. (2003). Sistemnaja tipologija jazykov: Principy, metody, modeli. M.: Nauka. Rudjakov, A. N. (2004). Jazyk, ili Pochemu ljudi govorjat (opyt funkcional'nogo opredelenija estestvennogo jazyka). K.: Gramota.
Sokolovskaja, Zh.P. (1999). "Kartina mira" v znachenijah slov: Semanticheskie fantazii" ili "katehizis semantiki"? Simferopol': RIO TJeI.
Shteling, D. A. (1996). Grammaticheskaja semantika anglijskogo jazyka. Faktor cheloveka v jazyke. M.:
Correspondence: email@example.com Vitae
Yurij V. Dorofeev, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor at Department of Philology in Crimean Republican Institute of Postgraduate Pedagogical Education. His research areas include theory and history of linguistics, functional description of language, analysis and interpretation of the text, the development and variation of language.
VERBS DENOTING NEGATIVE IMPACT IN MODERN GERMAN Ganna Khrupina
Department of Germanic Philology, Donetsk National University, Donetsk, Donetsk region, Ukraine
Available 29 August 2012.
The experience of previous studies makes it possible to state the relevance of the research, determined by the fact that the VMA (verbs of mental affect) subgroup with the meaning of evoking an object's negative emotions has never been singled out and studied as an individual lexical-semantic subgroup in German despite the frequency of use of such VMAs, their number and importance for the basic lexis of native speakers of each language.
The aim of the article consists in deriving interpretation formulas, analyzing and describing the sets of synonyms (SR), included into the subgroup VMA which denote evoking an object's negative emotions, and developing semantic classification of VMA with such meaning in German.