А П Загнітко - Лінгвістичні студії - страница 63

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SGB: Sizlerin gonderdigi bilmeceler. Bilmeceleriniz. Erisim modu: http://bilgiyelpazesi.net/sizin gonderdikleriniz.

Correspondence: irem2003@ukr.net. Vitae

Iryna L. Pokrovska is Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor at Department of Turkic Language at Kyiv National University. Her research areas include lingualcultural studies, ethnolinguistics, cognitive linguistics, and lexicology.


Department of Ukrainian Language, Stefanyk Prykarpattia National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Ukraine

Available 11 August 2012.

Abstract Relevance

Modern researches from a word-formation are mainly basis-oriented, that envisages creation of typology of word-formation, in that formative basis will come forward as a typological factor. Word-formation potential of

adjectives, different groupments of nouns and verbs is set for today, the here open is remained by a question, why words that are the constituents of one class are marked congruent lexico-grammatical signs, differently product derivatives. After the supervisions of scientists, depth, extent, the continuum of word-formation values in the structure of word-formation paradigm predetermine semantics, valency, frequency, complication of word-formation structure,

polysemy / unambiguity of formative basis and others like that. Establishments of factors, that determine semantic and word-formation transformations of formative, do possible or do impossible fundamental appearance derivative on the base of certain formative, it belong to the key questions of word-formation. Therefore research word-formation meaningful parameters of verbs characterized by actuality. Purpose

As an purpose of analysis the semantic and valence signs of verbs come forward as them word-formation relevant parameters. Tasks

The put aim envisages the decision of such tasks: 1) to describe the semantic features of verbs as a formative

base; base; 2) to mark the dominant role of valence in a verbal derivate; 3) on the example of verbs of concrete physical action, in particular destruction, to show the value of semantics and valence in a verbal word-formation. Conclusion

Word-formation possibility of formative words is determined by different factors, however a dominant are semantics and closely constrained with her valence. A verb - is a specific class of words semantics of that is described in terms of valence. The valence scope of verbs predetermines the continuum of word-formation values in a structure them word-formation paradigms.


Derivational behaviour of verbs governed their lexical, grammatical and valence features. However favourable system factors not always provide appearance derivative, as on processes to motivation normative factors further analysis of that as a word-formation relevant parameters of verbs seems perspective influence also.

Research highlights

In the article the semantic-valency sings of verbs are described as the word-formation meaningful parameters. ► The semantic features of verbs are found out as a formative base. ► The dominant role of semantics and valency is shown in verbal processes of word-formation, based on the verbs of concrete physical action.

Keywords: verb, semantics, valence, verbal form, derivative potential, word-forming paradigm, word-forming meaning.


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Vykhovanets', I. R. & Horodens'ka, K. H. (2004). Teoretychna morfolohiya ukrayins'koyi movy. K.: Univ. vyd-vo „Pul'sary".

Gajsina, R. M. (1982). K voprosu o specifike znachenija glagola. Izvestija ANSSSR. Serija literatury i jazyka, 1,


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Kil'dibekova, T. A. (1985). Glagoly dejstvija v sovremennom russkom jazyke: Opyt funkcional'no-semanticheskogo analiza. Saratov: Izd-vo Saratovsk. un-ta.

Leksiko-semanticheskie gruppy russkih glagolov (1989). Leksiko-semanticheskie gruppy russkih glagolov. Irkutsk: Izd-vo Irkutsk. un-ta.

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Morozova, T. S. (1982). Otrazhenie valentnostej proizvodjashhego glagola proizvodnymi raznyh chastej rechi. Aktual'nye problemy russkogo slovoobrazovanija, 401-405. Tashkent: Ukituvchi.

Poslavs'ka, N. M. (2003). Valentnist' yak odyn iz dominantnykh determinantiv deryvatsiynoyi aktyvnosti diyesliv. Semantyka movy i tekstu : zbirnyk statey VIII Mizhnarodnoyi naukovoyi konferentsiyi (22-24 zhovtnya 2003 r.), 418-423. Ivano-Frankivs'k: Play.

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Frankivs'k: VDV TsIT.

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Suchasna ukrains'ka literaturna mova (1997). Suchasna ukrains'ka literaturna mova. K.: Vishha shkola. Ukrayins'ka mova (2000). Ukrayins'ka mova: entsyklopediya. K.: "Ukr. Entsyklopediya". Ufimceva, A. A. (1974). Tipy slovesnyh znakov. M.: Nauka.

Janceneckaja, M. N. (1979). Semanticheskie voprosy teorii slovoobrazovanija. Tomsk: Izd-vo Tomsk. un-ta. Jarrulina, T. S. (1980). Slovoobrazovatel'nye vozmozhnosti russkih neproizvodnyh glagolov (K voprosu vzaimodejstvija grammatiki i slovoobrazovanija. Avtoref. dis. .  kand. filol. nauk. Moskva.

Correspondence: nata. slavna@mail.ru


Nataliya M. Poslavska, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor at Department of Ukrainian Language in Stefanyk Prykarpattia National University. Her research area includes basis-oriented word-formation.


Oksana Putilina

Department of Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics, Donetsk National University, Donetsk, Ukraine

Available 21 August 2012.

Abstract Relevance

Under the global integration that results in strengthening intercultural relations, development of languages, including English and Ukrainian, is a rapid process, in particular on the lexical level, which is not always predictable. Analysis of examples adjusted by many authors, particularly A. Paunder, L. Bauer, R. Lieber et al., who are concerned about this fact, revealed new structural types of lexical items, such as fragmented elements (splinters), a significant number of highly unstable compound nouns with a separate writing, but common unifying accent (block compounds) and a creation on their basis of compound words / pseudo-compound words (other parts of speech), whose self-morphological identity usually defined only within a specific context for the fulfillment of their syntactic role, that is, their appearance has a strengthening influence of analogy in the formation of composites / quasi-composites that can lead to structural changes of lexical units, including the conversion of compound words in derivatives for potentially unlimited number of new words with unstable and unpredictable grammatically-categorical indicators.

This process is one of the differential features of present-day English, especially British (BE) and American (AmE) variants as competitors that stand out against other variants of English (such as the Australian or Canadian ones) with multiplicity of media, geographical area due to extralinguistic factors of their spread - as the classic, 'original ', 'true' English (as claimed by some supporters of BE) in the status of one of the languages of international communication and as less conservative language with signs of language-cosmopolitan, that absorbed into itself the elements of other languages, which directly contacted, and in the role of the language of the powerful state in the world (AmE), respectively. Lack of substantial research in this area makes the relevance of proposed research.


A comprehensive analysis of innovative processes that currently take place in the English language (as opposed to Ukrainian), primarily on the lexical level, not be possible without the differentiation of specific and borrowed items, events, processes, etc. in modern English in comparison with the Ukrainian that is the purpose of the study.


This article uses comparative and typological methods.


The main tasks of the study are a characterization of lexical and phonetical processes in present-day English (in comparison with Ukrainian) and their interpreting pro rata AmE, an establishing of the nature and causes of changes in the vocabulary of English (compared with the Ukrainian), a separation of literary / colloquial functioning BE-form of AmE (in comparison with Ukrainian), a classifying types of neologisms in both languages.


Thus, the great changes taking place in modern English (as well as in Ukrainian), reflect only partially in phonetics and mainly - in the words, which display changes in computer technology (including - related research in space), medicine, in the words relating to those issues that consciously / unconsciously interested and confused by native speakers (eg, the existence of extraterrestrial life), which shows changes in a society, in the political structure of many countries, as well as vocabulary that captures the relationships among people (both in family and in society) - all those areas that determine the existence of contemporary socium (both in English and Ukrainian) and perceived as dominating, essential to reflect its philosophy and its vision of the meaning of the existence and future development.


Perspective of this study is to analyze the processes that deepen the internal stratification of modern English and Ukrainian vocabularies as a whole system within each of the languages the whole and its individual variants in English (AM) (British, American, Australian, etc.), the latter more deeper trends in the breeding options for English as a relatively independent entities and strengthening of the sociolinguistic factors that determine the formation of vocabulary as well as language forms exist mainly in the Ukrainian language (UM) (literary and spoken forms (UM) and literary / common, colloquial (AM)) taking into account the relationships between regional, social and situational parameters that lead to the selection of specific lexical items by carriers of both compared languages based on communicative situation.

Research highlights

The paper denoted to a characterization of innovative / pseudo-innovative and phenomena (Americanisms) processes in Present-day English (in comparison with Ukrainian), an establishing of the nature and causes of changes in the vocabulary, phonetics and orthoepy of English (compared with the Ukrainian). In the article a separation of functioning forms in British and American English (in comparison with Ukrainian) and a classifying types of neologisms in both languages are characterized.

Keywords: proper neologism, innovative processes, conversion, neological boom, pseudo-innovations, semantic neologism, syntactic neologism, stylistic neologism, terminological neologism, transnomination, rethinking, phonetic neologism.


Dubenets, E. M. (2003). Lingvisticheskie izmenenija v sovremennom anglijskom jazyke. Moskva: Glossa-Press.

Putilina, О. L. (2011). Innovations in Present-day Ukrainian and English languages (Phonetics. Lexicology. Phraseology). Donetsk: DonNU.

Levelt, W. J. M. (1993). Speaking: from intention to articulation. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press.

Libben, G. & Jarema, G. (2006). The representation and processing of compound words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lieber, R. & Stekauer, P. (2009). The Oxford handbook of compounding. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Luoma, S. (2004). Assessing speaking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Muller, S. (2008). The Mental Lexicon. GRIN Verlag.

Putilina, O. (2012). Historical and Contemporary Factors of Innovative Processes in the Present-Day English Language in Comparison with Ukrainian One: Conflict or Cooperation? Linguistic Studies. Donetsk, 25, 89-94.

Sources and Abbreviations

Black Star News

CNN (Cable News Network)


Minnesota Public Radio The Washington Post

Correspondence: o.l.putilina@gmail.com Vitae

Oksana L. Putilina, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor at Department of Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics in Donetsk National University. Her research areas include comparative-historical and typological linguistics, case grammar, cognitive linguistics, universal linguistics, generative grammar.


Alexandr Rogozhkin

Department of Ukrainian Studies, Didorenko Donetsk Juridical Institute of Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs, Donetsk, Donetsk region, Ukraine

Available 4 September 2012.



Traditionally rhetoric is correlative with oratorical mastery, which understands like professional ownership of oral speech, which based on abilities and skills of public talking. In compliance with these different methods of effective communication, theoretic principles of cultural speech are development; connections between rhetoric and logic, psychology, pedagogic are popularized. Meanwhile modern researchers are miss the fact, that initially this science is developed in close relations with philosophy and was aimed on the studying such phenomenon of intellectual culture like thinking-oral activity. This circumstance is dictates the necessity of search such methodological approach, which, on the one hand, would return to rhetoric the status of philosophical discipline, and on the other hand, would impart to the theory of thinking-oral activity the applied, practical nature. And so long as rhetoric and all contingent with it sciences are based on the studying of specific text bases, scientific and not scientific, oral and writing, verbal and non verbal, which arise and already showed, in the article the integrative approach to the theory of text integrity in the it unity with theory of thinking-oral activity is offered .


The purpose of the article is the establishment of interconnection of rhetoric as science of oral activity with theory of text integrity, M.M. Bachtin and M.M. Hirshman works are contain its methodological elements.


The implementation of the purpose provided the solution of such tasks:

1) to present the thinking-oral activity in the capacity of meaning making and meaning establishing integral text, in which within the framework specified world picture is actualized, interpreted and projected on the human community;

2) to detect the conceptual content that rhetoric categories, with the help of which the adequate analysis of specified world picture in the form of integral text is possible;

3) to detect the functional role of established notions and categories in integral vocal contexts. Conclusion

The integration of rhetoric and theory of text integrity is bring to that dialogic relationship do not boil to the simple communication act, to the through text presentation or to it direct perception. That is - to simple dialogue, which assume such vocal form like, for example, dialogue-conversation, which is completed by the expression of consent or disagreement. Dialogic relationships, since it far wider than directly dialogic speech, are assume not so much word exchanges as word meanings, their inevitable interpenetration and interaction for the sake of quality new text origin, which is generated by its new meanings and enriched by in the same meanings.


The theory of text integrity, which is included in the rhetoric science field, is opens the possibility not only to retrace the connections between different forms, genres and styles of oral and writing statements, but and to use fundamental propositions and principles of integral text analysis by the study of form substantial and meaning reproducing function of thinking-oral activity.

Research highlights

The article continues the cycle of the publications devoted to the problems of cogitative-speech activity in the context of rhetorical science, in particular to establishment of methodological bases of theory of integrity of text in the studies of M.M. Bachtin and М.М. Hirshman. Being base on the immanent and representative properties of text, an author suggests to examine it not only as autonomous speech formation but also as such a phenomenon that is able to generate new senses in the different spheres of cogitative-speech activity.

Keywords: cogitative-speech activity, speech context, dialogue, theory of integrity, dialogic relations, contextual circumstances.


Bahtin, M. M. (1979). Problema rechevyh zhanrov. Jestetika slovesnogo tvorchestva. Moskva: Iskusstvo.

Vygotskij, L. S. (2008). Myshlenie i rech': Sbornik. Moskva: AST MOSKVA: HRANITEL.

Girshman, M. M. (2001). Arhitektonika bytija-obshhenija - ritmicheskaja kompozicija stihotvornogo teksta -nevozmozhnoe, no nesomnennoe sovershenstvo pojezii. Analiz odnogo stihotvorenija. «O chjom ty voesh', vetr nochnoj?.. »: sb. nauch. trudov. Tver': Tverskoj gosudarstvennyj universitet.

Klemperer, V. (1998). LTI. Jazyk tret'ego rejha. Zapisnaja knizhka filologa. Moskva: Progress-Tradicija.

Korabljov, A. A. (1997). Doneckaja filologicheskaja shkola: Opytpolifonicheskogo osmyslenija. Doneck: OOO


Mussolini, B. (1938). Doktrina fashizma [perevod s italjanskogo]. Parizh: Renessans. Correspondence: avro gozhkin@mail.ru


Alexandr V. Rogozhkin, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Ukrainian Studies in Didorenko Donetsk Juridical Institute of Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs. His research areas include rhetoric, theory of literature, culturology, polytology, world history and Ukrainian history.



Anna Ryzhkovich

Department of General and Slavic Linguistics, Janka Kupala Grodno State University, Grodno, Grodno region, Belarus

Available 2 September 2012.

Abstract Relevance

The dynamic contacting and interaction of two closely related languages which are carrying out in Republic of Belarus functions of state languages, demands continuous monitoring that is actual one for all Belarusian linguistics and enters into one of problems of any comparative research of these languages. Now the particular interest of researchers is caused by differentiation of the relations expressed by pretexts, including and analogs of pretexts. Aren't an exception and the temporality relations as time is difficult category both in philosophical, and in the linguistic plan. Achievements in the field of functional researches, including researches of relative functions of significant lexicon which is capable to carry out pretext function are significant. The factors listed above caused an urgency of this research.


The purpose of the paper is to reveal regularities of compatibility of the prepositional incorporating lexemes time and hour in Russian and Belarusian languages.


The purpose of our work caused the following tasks: 1) to create lists of prepositional units with lexemes time and hour in Russian and Belarusian languages; 2) to make paradigms of prepositional units with lexemes time and hour; 3) to define types of syntaxemes, formed by formant which structure includes lexemes time and hour.


Prepositional units with lexemes time and hour in Russian and Belarusian language are presented very widely. A form of plural of lexemes time and hour per roles of a prepositional define duration of the temporary interval specified by a lexical component, plurality of the phenomena, persons, subjects, security of time with any celebrated personality (if it isn't known, is defined somehow). A form of singular of lexemes time and hour defines short duration of an occurring event. The specified regularities are characteristic for both languages. In the Belarusian language a paradigm of prepositional with a form of the only thing and plural of lexemes time and hour extends at the expense of options which in the semantic and stylistic relation aren't differentiated yet.


In the long term - detection of similarities and distinctions in relative potential and functioning of Russian and Belarusian temporal prepositions.

Research highlights

► In the article lists of prepositional units with lexemes time and hour are provided in Russian and Belarusian languages. Paradigms of prepositional units with the specified lexemes are described. Types of syntaxemes formed by formant that contain lexemes time and hour are considered.

Keywords: preposition, prepositional paradigm, syntaxeme, lexical component of syntaxeme, formant of syntaxeme.


Vsevolodova, M. V. Materialy k slowarju russkih predlogow. Funkcional'naja grammatika real'nogo upotreblenija. Vyp.1. Atributirovannyj spisok v diapazone bukv A-I. Neatributirovannyj spisok v diapazone bukv K-Ju (w rukopisi).

Vsevolodova, M. V. (2004). Predlogi w sinhronii i diahronii: morphologija i syntaxis. Perwyje resul'taty mezhnational'nogo proekta. Funktional'no-kommunikatyvni aspecty grammatyki Iyext positione in synchronism and a diachrony: morphology and syntax. First results of the international project. Funktionalno-komunikationeu. Donetsk:

DONNA, 173-180.

Zolotova, G. A. (1988). Syntactic slovar': Repertuar elementarnyh edinic russkogo syntaxisa. Moskwa: Science.

Kanjushkjevich, M. I. (2008, 2010, 2011). Bjelaruskija prynazovniki i ih analogi. Gramatyka real'naga wzhywannia. Materialy da slovnika (U 3 ch.). Grodna: GrDU.

Kanjushkjevich, M. I. (2011). Novatsii w oblasti bjelorusskogo prjedloga (systemnoe, occasional'noje, authorskoje). Lingwistichni studii, 22, 121-125. Donetsk: Donetsky national. un-t.

Kanjushkjevich, M. I. (2006). Priedlog kak sintaksemoobrazuyushchyj formant i structura syntaxemy. Lingwistichni studii, 14, 73-79. Donetsk: Donetsky national. un-t.

Kanjushkjevich, M. I. (2005). Sintaksemoobrazujushhaja funkcija predloga i mehanizmy opredlozhivanija znamenatel'noj leksiki. Voprosy funktional'noj grammatyki, 5, 3-19. Grodno.

Sherjemjetieva, E. S. (2011). Otymjennyje rjeljativy sowrjemjennogo russkogo jazyka. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. filol. Vladivostok.

Shuba, P. P. (1971). Prynazovnik u belaruskaj move. Minsk.

Correspondence: annamichalouskaya@mail. ru Vitae

Anna Ch. Ryzhkovich, Post-Graduate Student of Department of General and Slavic Linguistics in Janka Kupala Grodno State University. Her research areas include functional grammar and comparative linguistics.



Olena Skorobogatova

Department of Russian Language, Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Kharkiv region, Ukraine

Available 27 September 2012.

Abstract Relevance

Modern linguopoetics developed differently-oriented ways of describing the grammatical occasionality, while the means of isolation and actualization of standard morphological meanings and forms require characterization based on the idea of the means of grammatical categorization of the world. The need of considering both the self-grammatical features of units of the poetic text and peculiarities of their functioning in the tightness, providing compositionality and poetic rhythm causes complex linguopoetic approach to the poetics of grammatical units and categories.


The purpose of the article is a characterization of regular ways of actualization of standard morphological forms and meanings in Russian poetry of the modern and contemporary periods.


The implementation of the purpose provided the solution of such tasks: 1) determination of the main means of actualization of the morphological forms and meanings; 2) characterization of morphological attraction types in the poetic text; 3) isolation of the poetic dominant and morphological rhythm as a result of poetic selection.


The main ways of selection of morphological forms and meanings in Russian poetry of XIXth - XXIth centuries are juxtaposition of categorical and parts-of-speech opposites, morphological attraction and selection. Grammatical attraction in poetry is assimilation of grammatical forms in the structure of the verse, as well as the selection and use of such grammatical forms to create and to isolate associative connections, intensification of imagery, structuring, and rhythmization of the text, increasing of its expressiveness and fascinativity. In the poetic text it regularly occurs simultaneous use of units of one category that are in the paradigmatic relations in the general text space, which leads to the isolation of the morphological oppositional meanings and occurrence of the contextual and general poetic meanings on their basis. Alternation of grammatical forms on a considerable part of the verse leads to the morphological rhythm formation. Selection of grammems serves for a formation of a morphological dominant.


Perspective of this study is the study of morphological types dominant in the poetic text of XIXth - XXIth centuries, isolation of poetic-grammatical motives and leitmotives and their characteristics.


► Peculiarities of normative morphological forms and meanings' actualization in poetical text are characterized. Regular means of grammatical actualization are distinguished: juxtaposition, attraction and selection. Forms of grammatical attraction and juxtaposition in poetry are considered. ► Grammatical dominant and poetic and morphological motifs as a result of grammatical selection in lyrics are described.

Keywords: poetical morphology, grammatical category, attraction, dominant, poetic and morphological motif.


Goloborod'ko, K. Ju. (2001). Pojeticheskoe tvorchestvo i problemy idiostilja. Herson: Oldi-pljus.

Ionova, I. A. (1988). Morfologija pojeticheskoj rechi. Kishinev: Shtinca.

Krongauz, M. A. (2001). Semantika: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. Moskva: Ros. gos. gumanit. un-t.

Gasparov, M. L., & Dozorec, Zh. A., & Kovtunova, I. I., & Kozhevnikova, N. A. & others. (1993). Ocherki istorii jazyka russkoj pojezii XX veka: Grammaticheskie kategorii. Sintaksis teksta. Moskva: Nauka. Potebnja A. A. (1968). Iz zapisok po russkoj grammatike, III. Moskva: Prosveshhenie.

Kovtunova, I. I., & Nikolina, N. A., & Krasil'nikova, E. V. (otv. red.) & dr. (2005). Pojeticheskaja grammatika, 1. Moskva: OOO Izdatel'skij centr "Azbukovnik".

Tynjanov, Ju. N. (1965). Problema stihotvornogo jazyka. Stat'i. M.: Sovetskij pisatel'.

Jetkind, E. G. (1974). Ritm pojeticheskogo proizvedenija kak faktor soderzhanija, 104-121. Leningrad: Nauka.

Correspondence: skorobogatova.elena@gmail.com Vitae

Olena A. Skorobogatova is Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor at Department of Russian Language in Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University. Her research areas include poetic morphology, name morphology, linguopoetics and linguostylistics.


Oksana Shkuran

Department of Philological Sciences, Taras Shevchenko Luhansk National University, Luhansk, Luhansk region, Ukraine

Available 2 September 2012.

Abstract Relevance

Relevance of the problem is enhanced due to total rethinking values, exoticism and pragmatic ideological orientations of people, as well as direct feeling of vacuum in place of traditional forms of livelihood. So urgent is the awareness of personal meaning and values of life of people at Middle Donets.


The purpose of the study is to represent the view of informants' concept HAPPINESS in the comparative phraseology of Eastern Slobozhanian and Eastern-Steppe subdialects of Middle Donets.


It is quite obvious there is a determination of the main tasks, namely: 1) to highlight the intersystem connections in the comparative study units; 2) to describe the national-cultural dimension of recipient zone to indicate the concept HAPPINESS of comparative phrasema of Middle Donets subdialects.


The coverage of intersystem connections in the field of comparative units of recipient zone, description of national cultural aspect to indicate the concept HAPPINESS of comparative phrasema of Middle Donets subdialects are important to identify the particularities of world-view, the characteristics of static and dynamic processes in the national phraseology. A research of recipient zone which represents ethnic concepts due not only linguistic-mental experiments, but also during recording discourses and extracting from them the necessary linguistic units, in our case recipient areas of comparative phraseological units, is performed widely.

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