М І Гнатюк - Наукові записки в 11 - страница 79

Страницы:
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31  32  33  34  35  36  37  38  39  40  41  42  43  44  45  46  47  48  49  50  51  52  53  54  55  56  57  58  59  60  61  62  63  64  65  66  67  68  69  70  71  72  73  74  75  76  77  78  79  80  81 

peaceful

1

 

soothed

3

placid

1

 

settled

3

unfazed

1

 

The LSG of the type "secure"

safe

14

sheltered

1

 

secure

4

cosy

1

 

comfortable

4

comfy

1

 

TheLSG of the type "confident"

certain

23

persuaded

3

 

sure

16

optimistic

2

 

confident

7

assured

1

 

poised

5

positive

1

 

convinced

4

level-headed

1

 

The LSG of the type "satisfied"

satisfied

8

gratified

3

 

proud

7

content

3

 

pleased

5

smug

 

 

triumphant

4

complacent

 

The LSG of the type "interested"

curious

7

attentive

 

 

absorbed

5

gripped

 

 

interested

3

intrigued

 

 

intent

3

nosy

 

 

The LSG
of the type
"loving"
------------

close

6

affectionate

1

 

loving

5

adoring

1

 

fond

3

taken

1

 

tender

2

sentimental

1

The LSG of the type "compassio­nate"

comforting

6

sensitive

2

 

patient

5

tolerant

2

 

helpful

5

consoling

2

 

sympathetic

3

compassionate

1

 

thoughtful

3

supportive

1

 

mindful

3

forgiving

1

 

indulgent

2

 

 

 

The LSG of the type "friendly"

kindly

16

affable

1

 

friendly

6

open

1

 

warm

3

easy-going

1

 

sociable

2

obliging

1

 

companionable

1

 

 

 


The LSG of the type "amazing"

brilliant

9

exciting

2

 

extraordinary

8

thrilling

2

 

shocking

7

fascinating

2

 

wonderful

7

incredible

2

 

startling

5

magnificent

2

 

surprising

4

moving

1

 

awesome

3

remarkable

1

 

imposing

3

stupendous

1

 

unbelievable

3

fantastic

1

 

wondrous

3

fabulous

1

 

astonishing

2

 

 

 

The LSG of the type "pleasant"

pleasant

17

agreeable

2

 

sweet

14

satisfying

2

 

nice

12

amusing

1

 

great

10

pleasurable

1

 

pleasing

4

mellow

1

 

funny

3

 

 

 

The LSG of the type "en­couraged"

inspired

4

stimulated

1

 

encouraged

3

hopeful

1

 

reassured

2

feisty

1

 

strengthened

1

 

 

The LSG of the type "intuitive"

instinctive

1

natural

1

 

TheLSG of the type "good"

good

65

selfless

2

 

kind

14

superior

2

 

decent

12

gracious

1

 

generous

5

beneficent

1

 

good-natured

4

excellent

1

 

The LSG of the type "reverent"

awed

4

godlike

1

 

holy

3

heavenly

1

 

respectful

1

sacred

1

 

blessed

1

devout

1

 

reverential

1

hallowed

1

 

The LSG of the type "cheerful"

happy

36

joyful

2

 

glad

11

hilarious

2

 

iolly

9

carefree

2

 

bright

8

cheery

2

 

light

6

gay

1

 

playful

4

jovial

1

 

cheerful

4

joyous

1

 

delighted

4

festive

1

 

light-hearted

3

high-spirited

1

 

chirpy

3

genial

1

 

merry

2

 

 

 


Thus, according to the outcomes of the analysis it was ascertained that the LSF of adjectives, denoting positive emotions, is realized in Ian McEwan's discourse with the help of 18 lexico-semantic groups which are represented by 213 adjectives. Altogether, in the author's discourse we have counted 896 occurrences of the adjectives, expressing positive emotions.

The centre of the LSF comprises those lexemes that are characterized by greater strength of semantic connections between semes, and have more general meanings, while the periphery consists of the words with lesser strength of such connections, those that have narrow specific meanings. At this stage of investigation the frequency of use of the adjectives, constituting the LSF, in the author's discourse appeared to be the fundamental criterion of the differentiation between the elements of the core and the periphery.

Hence, the core lexemes are noted for high frequency of use. According to the results of the analysis and necessary calculations it was determined that the core of the lexico-semantic field of adjectives, expressing positive emotions, in Ian McEwan's discourse make up such lexemes: vivid, alive, wild, determined, lovely, beautiful, fine, calm, still, cool, safe, comfortable, confident, certain, sure, satisfied, proud, absorbed, curious, loving, close, comforting, helpful, patient, friendly, kindly, good-natured, shocking, extraordinary, wonderful, brilliant, pleasant, nice, sweet, encouraged, inspired, good, kind, decent, holy, awed, happy, jolly, bright, glad, elated, excited.

All the other adjectives which are characterized by lesser frequency of use belong to the periphery of the LSF. It should also be added that the adjectives, constituting the LSG of the type "intuitive ", must have been referred to the pe­ripheral zone, as far as the author used the above-mentioned lexemes only once.

In the linguistic sphere under consideration there appear to be a considerable number of various aspects requiring further investigation. They consist in the study of the ways of communication of denotatively-significant and connotative macrocomponents of meaning of the English adjectives of positive emotions by the process of translation into other languages, in the determination of functional peculiarities of the category of emotiveness in the texts of other genres, in the investigation of the ways the lexical units, constituting the LSF of positive emotions, act in natural communication, in the situations of everyday intercourse.

One more interesting point to be viewed is to define whether there exists any influence of gender aspect upon the realization of the LSF of the adjectives, denoting positive emotions, in the discourse, i.e. whether the given LSF is similarly or differently realized in the works of male and female authors. Suchinvestigation would make certain contribution to the solving of the problem of gender representation in language.

References:

1. Ахманова О. С. Словарь лингвистических терминов / О. С. Ахманова. -М.: Советская энциклопедия, 1966. - 608 с.

2. Вольф Е. М. Грамматика и семантика прилагательного / Е. М. Вольф. -М.: Наука, 1978. - 200 с.

3. Кибрик А., Паршин П. Дискурс [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: http://www.krugosvet.ru/enc/gumanitarnye_nauki/lingvistika/DISKURS.html.

4. Михайленко В. В. Семантизація модусного маркера / В. В. Михайлен­ко // Наукові записки. Серія "Філологічна". - Острог: Видавництво Націо­нального університету "Острозька академія". - Вип. 11. - 2009. - С. 305-309.

5. Мовний дискурс [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: http://roman.by/r-45295.html

6. Мусурівська О. В., Паранюк Д. В. Емоційно-оціночна лексика ан­глійської мови / О. В. Мусурівська // Наук. вісник Чернівецького ун-ту. -Вип. 12 (3). - Германська філологія: Збірник наук. праць. - Чернівці: ЧДУ, 1997. -С. 46-59.

7. Неверова М. Дискурс в лингвистических описаниях [Електронний ре­сурс], 2007. - Режим доступу: http://revolution.allbest.ru/languages/00048146_0. html.

8. Плотников Б. А. Основы семасиологии // Б. А. Плотников. - Мн.: Выш. шк., 1984. - 224 с.

9. Шаховский В. И. Что такое лингвистика эмоций [Electronic resource]. -Access mode: http://tverlingua.by.ru/archive/012/3_shakhovsky.pdf.

 

10.Шаховский В. И. Эмотивный компонент значения и методы его опи­сания: Учебное пособие к спецкурсу / В. И. Шаховский. - Волгоград: Изд-во ВГПИ им. А. С. Серафимовича, 1983. - 96 с.

Страницы:
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31  32  33  34  35  36  37  38  39  40  41  42  43  44  45  46  47  48  49  50  51  52  53  54  55  56  57  58  59  60  61  62  63  64  65  66  67  68  69  70  71  72  73  74  75  76  77  78  79  80  81 


Похожие статьи

М І Гнатюк - Наукові записки

М І Гнатюк - Наукові записки в 11

М І Гнатюк - Наукові записки в 14

М І Гнатюк - Наукові записки в 15

М І Гнатюк - Наукові записки в 16