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MODULE 2. HISTORY OF ICAO

Pre-reading

Read the names of the given countries. Divide them into the groups belonging to a continent.

ICAO Contracting States (187)

(As of 25 February 2001)

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Andorra

Angola

Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Bahamas

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belarus

Belgium

Belize

Benin

Bhutan

Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'lvoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus

Czech Republic

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Democratic Republic of the

Congo

Denmark

Djibouti

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Estonia

Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Botswana

Brazil

Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi

Germany

Ghana

Greece

Grenada

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Hungary

Iceland

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Ethiopia

Fiji

Finland France

Gabon

Gambia

Georgia

Latvia

Lebanon

Lesotho

Liberia

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Malta

Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Monaco

Mongolia

Morocco

Jamaica

Japan

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Pakistan

Palau

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Romania

Russian Federation Rwanda

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa

Mozambique Myanmar

Netherlands

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Norway

Oman

Sri Lanka

Sudan

Suriname

Swaziland

Sweden

Switzerland

Syrian Arab Republic

Tajikistan Thailand

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Tunisia

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Uganda Ukraine

San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe

Saudi Arabia

Senegal

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Slovakia

Slovenia

Solomon Islands

Somalia

South Africa

Spain

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United Republic of Tanzania

United States

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam

Yemen, Yugoslavia Zambia, Zimbabwe

Look through and remember the following words. VOCABULARY -I

advent

- поява

dimension

- вимір, розмір

law code

- кодекс законів

to convene

- скликати, збиратися

treatment

- звернення

origin

- походження

to engage

- наймати

to incite

- спонукати

to draw up

- розробляти

to pave

- прокладати шлях

successor

- спадкоємець

to convene

- запрошувати

ultimately

- зрештою, кінець кінцем

to ratify

- ратифіковано

permanent

- постійний

to entrust

- довіряти

Read and remember.

ICAN - International Commission for Air Navigation PICAO - Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization ISTA   - International Services Transit Agreement

Read the words.

Paris, aeronautical, France, allied, European, Brussels, Atlantic, Ireland, associated, Chicago Convention, provisional, Montreal, Canada.

Read and translate the text "History of ICAO"

HISTORY OF ICAO

Already, in the early years of aviation (before World War I) people had realized that the advent of the airplane added a new dimension to transport. The first important conference on an international air law code was convened in Paris in 1910.

The treatment of aviation matters was a subject at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. It was entrusted to a special Aeronautical Commission, which has its origin in the Inter-Allied Aviation Committee created in 1917. At the same time, civil air transport enterprises were created in many European States and in North America, some of which were already engaged in international operations (Paris-London, Paris-Brussels). In 1919, two British airmen, Alcock and Brown, made the first West-East crossing of the North Atlantic from Newfoundland to Ireland and the "R-34", a British dirigible made around trip flight from Scotland to New York and back.

It was events like these, which incited a number of young aviators to propose that the international collaboration in aviation matters. They believed that aviation had to be international. They drew up the International Air Convention, which was signed by 26 of the 32 Allied and Associated powers represented at the Paris Peace Conference and was ultimately ratified by 38 States. This Convention consisted of 43 articles that dealt with all technical, operational and organizational

aspects of civil aviation and also foresaw the creation of an International Commission for Air Navigation (ICAN).

In December 1922 the Secretariat assumed its duties with Mr. Albert Roper from France as General Secretary. Mr. Roper also became the first Secretary General of ICAO and the European Office of ICAO in Paris. In November 1944 54 States attended Chicago Conference end of which a Convention on International Civil Aviation was signed by 32 States set up the permanent International Aviation Organization (ICAO). At the same time the International Services Transit Agreement (ISTA) and the International Air Transport Agreement were signed.

The Chicago Conference laid the foundation for a set of rules and regulations regarding air navigation, which brought safety in flying and paved the way for the application of a common air navigation system throughout the world.

The Conference had signed an Interim Agreement, which foresaw the creation of a Provisional International Organization (PICAO). This Organization was in operation from August 1945 to April 1947 when the permanent ICAO came into being. Its seat was in Montreal, Canada and in 1947 the change from PICAO to ICAO was little more than a formality. However, it also brought about the end of ICAN because, now that ICAO was firmly established, the ICAN member States agreed to dissolve ICAN by naming ICAO specifically as its successor Organization.

A-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Write out all verb forms (there are 32 ), define their tense and give the infinitive.

2. Write out irregular verbs (there are 10) and give their three forms .

3. Write the missing forms of these verbs.

to deal with _ dealt with

to become _ _

_ _ foreseen

to come set laid

brought

made

had

was /were

4. Complete the chart.

collaboration (n)

_ (n)

operation (n)

_ (n)

committee (n) convention (n) creation (n)

_(n)

_(n)

navigation (n) application (n) agreement (n)

_(n)

establishment (n)

had come

to collaborate (inf) to propose (inf)

_ (inf)

to represent (inf)

_(inf)

_(inf)

_(inf)

to found (inf) to regulate (inf)

_(inf)

_(inf)

_(inf)

to organize (inf)

_(inf)

J.   Put verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice.

1. The air law code (adopt) in Paris in 1910.

2. The first West-East crossing of the North Atlantic (make) by Alcock and Brown.

3. The civil air transport enterprises often ( create) in many European States.

4. The International Air Convention (sign) by 26 of 32 Allied powers.

5. All articles of the Convention (ratify) by 38 States.

6. The way for the application of an air navigation system throughout the world (pave) by the Chicago Conference.

6.   Put verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1. Already in the early years of aviation people (to realize) the necessary international understanding and agreement can be reached.

2. It (to know) that the 1-st West-East crossing of Atlantic from Newfoundland to Ireland was made by two British airmen.

3. The creation of ICAN (to foresee) by the International Air Convention.

4. A vast network of passengers and freight carriage (to set up)

5. The need for safety and regularity in air transport (to involve) the necessity of building aerodromes, of setting up navigation aids.

6. For even at the moment of its birth, the plane (to be) a creation of no one nation or of no one technology.

7. The scheduled airlines of the world now (to carry ) more than one billion passengers and (to fly) around 13.500 million kilometres.

B-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Write out the prepositions and put them into the correct columns. You will find in the text prepositions of PLACE — 2, TIME — 3, DIRECTION — 6, CASE — 9.

PLACE

TIME

DIRECTION

CASE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Give the prepositional phrasal verbs (with explanations). Use your dictionary.

set up (organize,create)

draw up (compose)

bring about (carry out,implement)

make up (consist of)

3. Give six nouns, adjectives, verbs, word combinations which can be used speaking about ICAO.

4. Pick out all possible objects to the given verbs.

1. to realize

an air law code

2. to add

new situation

3.to create

the 43-d article

4. to represent

a number of principles

5. to sign

Laws

6. to consist of

different aspects

7. to establish

the creation of ICAN

8. to deal with

a set of rules

9. to ratify

Agreement

10. to foresee

safety of flight

11. to lay

Commission

5. Pick out all possible atributes to the following words.

1. aviation

2. code

3. conference

4. commission

5. flight

6. agreement

7. states

8. enterprises

9. safety

important, aeronautical law, international, air, special, civil, round trip, navigation, safe, created, permanent, transit, transport, contracting, European, represented, technical, operational, new, flying.

6. Translate into Ukrainian following words combinations.

1. air

air law

air law code

air law code improvement

2. flight

flight safety

flight safety defense

flight safety defense system

3. radio

radio location

radio location systems

radio location systems structure

radio location systems structure change

4. state

state power

state power establishment

state power establishment control

5. rules rules set rules set action

rules set action introduction

6. air

air navigation

air navigation system

air navigation system department

7. Spell out short forms.

ICAN

PICAO ISTA

8. Match a line in C with a line in D.

C

1 1910

2 1917

3 1919

4 1922 Dec.

5 1944 Nov.

6 1945-1947(Aug.-Apr.)

7 1947

D

_54 States

_the permanent ICAO

_Montreal, PICAO to ICAO

_Inter-Allied Aviation Committee

_Alcock and Brown

_Mr.Roper - General Secretary

_an international air law code

C-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Put general questions to the following sentences.

1. The first important conference on an international air law code was convened in 1910.

2. Two British airmen made the first West-East crossing of the North Atlantic.

3. Young aviators believed that aviation had to be international.

4. This convention consists of 43 articles.

5. Mr. Roper also became the first Secretary of ICAO.

6. The Conference had signed an Interim Agreement.

7. Mr. Roper had to be General Secretary of European Office of ICAO.

2. Put WHEN - questions.

1. _the first important conference on an international air law

code convened in Paris?

2._the Paris Peace Conference take place?

3._two British airmen, Alcock and Brown make the first West-

East crossing ?

4._the Inter-Allied Aviation Committee created?

34

5._Secretariat assume its duties with Mr. Roper from France as

General Secretary?

6._54 States attend Chicago Conference?

7. _ "R-34",a British dirigible make a round trip flight from

Scotland to New York and back?

8._the permanent ICAO come into being?

3. Give answers to the questions (Ex. 2.) in writing.

4. Divide the text into 5 parts and put a question to every part.

5. Point out objects and comment upon their positions.

1. The air law code was adopted in Paris in 1910.

2. The first West-East crossing of the North Atlantic has been made by Alcock and Brown.

3. The civil air transport enterprises often are created in many European States.

4. The International Air Convention has been signed by 26 of 32 Allied powers.

5. All articles of the Convention have been ratified by 38 States .

6. The way for the application of an air navigation system throughout the world has been paved by the Chicago Conference

6. Put verbs in brackets into the correct form and in proper place.

1. Already in the early years of aviation people the necessary (to realize) international understanding and agreement can be reached .

2. It that the 1-st West-East crossing of Atlantic from Newfoundland to Ireland   was    made    by   two    British   airmen        (to know).

3. The creation of ICAO by the International Air Convention.

4. A vast network of passengers and freight carriage (to set up)

5. The need for safety and regularity in air transport the necessity of building aerodromes, of setting up navigation aids (to involve).

6. For even at the moment of its birth, the airplane a creation of no one nation or of no one technology (to be).

7. The scheduled airlines of the world now more than one billion passengers and around 13.500 million kilometres (to carry, to fly).

D-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Give definitions.

1. The Aeronautical Commission is_

2. The first West-East crossing of North Atlantic is_

3. The International Air Convention is_

4. The Interim Agreement is_

5. The General Secretary of ICAO is_

6. The Paris Peace Conference is_

7. ICAO is_

8. Alcock and Brown are_

9. "R-34" is_

2. Each sentence has a mistake. Find and correct it.

1. Already, in the early years of aviation (before World War II) people had realized that the advent of the airplane added a new dimension to transport.

2. The first important conference on an international air law code took place in London in 1910.

3. At the same time civil transport enterprises were dissolved in European States and North America.

4. The International Air Convention consists of 54 articles.

5. This Convention consists of 34 articles that deal with all aspects of civil aviation.

6. PICAO was in operation from August 1947 to April 1949.

8. In Montreal in 1949 the change from PICAO to ICAO was little more than a formality.

3. Translate into Ukrainian.

1. The first important conference on an international air law code was convened in 1910.

2. Two British airmen made the first West-East crossing of the North Atlantic.

3. Young aviators believed that aviation had to be international.

4. This convention consisted of 43 articles.

5. Mr. Roper also became the first Secretary of ICAO.

6. The Conference had signed an Interim Agreement.

4. Put the words from the box into each gap. Use each word once only.

already, Peace, engaged, back, matters, civil, crossing, aeronautical, America, dirigible, important, origin, airmen, Scotland.

Already, in the early years of aviation (before World War I) people had realized   that the advent of the airplane added a new dimension to

transport. The   first_conference on an international air law

code was convened in Paris in 1910.

The treatment of aviation_was a subject at the Paris_

Conference of 1919. It was entrusted to a special_

Commission,   which   hat     its_in the Inter-Allied Aviation

Committee created in 1917. At  the same time,_air transport

enterprises  were   created  in many European States and in North

_,   some  of which were already_in international

operations   (Paris-London,   Paris-Brussels).   In 1919,   two British

_, Alcock and Brown, made the first West-East_of the

North Atlantic from  Newfoundland  to   Ireland  and  the "R-34", a

British_made around  trip flight from_to New York

and_.

5. Questions for discussion.

1. Why was it necessary to collaborate in the field of Civil Aviation?

2. What documents were signed to foresee the future development of Civil Aviation?

3. What aspects did the articles of International Air Convention deal with?

TRAINEE'S NAME

PROGRESS TEST

POSSIBLE MARKS

Q.1 The first important conference on an international air law code was convened in Paris in_

Tick ( V ) the right answer, cross ( X ) 2 others.

a) 1917_

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