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MODULE 5 ICAO'S AIMS

Pre-reading

Look through and remember the following words.

VOCABULARY

registration mark -

airworthiness -

search and rescue -

investigation -

surveillance -

to treat -

provision -

facility -

unimpeded -

impediment -

to demand -

soundly -

comprehensive -

manuals -

guidance -

airfares and rates -

obvious -

boundless -

remote -

to promote -

to pay attention -

toward -

acceptance -

jurisprudence -

red tape -

facilitation ­реєстраційна відмітка

придатність до польотів

пошук і спасіння

розслідування

спостереження

розглядати

постачання

засоби

безперешкодний

перешкода

вимагати

розумно; толково

значущий

руководство

керування

авіаціни тарифи і ставки

явний

безмежний

віддалений, дистанційний

сприяти

звертати увагу

у напрямку до; для

прийняття; визнання

юриспруденція

бюрократизм

спрощення формальностей

Read and remember.

CNS/ATM - communications, navigation, surveillance/air traffic management

SARPs - Standards and Recommended Practices Read and translate the text "ICAO's Aims".

ICAO'S AIMS

One of ICAO's chief activities is standardization, the establishment of International Standards, Recommended Practices (SARPs) and Procedures covering the technical fields of aviation: licensing of personnel, rules of the air, aeronautical meteorology, aeronautical charts, units of measurement, operation of aircraft, nationality and registration marks, airworthiness, aeronautical telecommunications, air traffic services, search and rescue, aircraft accident investigation, aerodromes, aeronautical information services, aircraft noise and engine missions, security and the safe transport of dangerous goods. After a Standard is adopted it is put into effect by each ICAO Contracting State in its own territories. As aviation technology continues to develop rapidly, the Standards are kept under constant review and amended as necessary.

Among ICAO's more recent significant achievements has been the development of a satellite-based system concept to meet the future communications, navigation, surveillance/air traffic management (CNS/ATM) needs of civil aviation.

Not all aviation problems can be dealt with on a world-wide scale and many subjects are considered on a regional basis. ICAO, therefore, recognizes nine geographical regions which must be treated individually for planning the provision of air navigation facilities and services required on the ground by aircraft flying in these regions. This planning is done at ICAO regional air navigation meetings, held from time to time for each of the regions, where the need for facilities and services is carefully considered and decided upon.

When States require assistance help is available through ICAO's seven regional offices each one accredited to a group of Contracting States.

The obstacles placed by customs, immigration, public health and other formalities on the free and unimpeded passage of passengers and cargo across international boundaries have been a particularly serious impediment to air travel. ICAO has tried to persuade its Contracting States to reduce red tape. And International Standards on facilitation have been adopted to place an upper limit on what States may demand. ICAO's efforts are also aimed at providing adequate airport terminal buildings for passengers and their baggage as well as for air cargo, with all related facilities and services.

The Convention on International Civil Aviation requires that international air transport services be established on the basis of equality of opportunity and operated soundly and economically. In fact, ICAO's basic objective is the development of safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport. To assist States in planning their air transport services, ICAO collects and publishes comprehensive world aviation statistical data, and undertakes extensive economic studies in line with Resolutions of the ICAO Assembly and Recommendations of world­wide conferences. ICAO also produces manuals for the guidance of States in such areas as statistics, air traffic forecasting, airport and air navigation facility tariffs, the economic regulation of air transport and the establishment of air fares and rates.

The airplane's advantage here is obvious: it moves along a boundless highway in the sky and the only actual roadway it needs is that which is necessary for take-off and landing. By the creation of an airstrip remote towns and villages can be linked quickly to the modern world, whereas surface connections could take years or even generations to build. ICAO therefore pays special attention to promoting civil aviation in developing countries. An important instrument in this work has been the United Nations Development Program. So far most of the Organization's work in this area has been directed toward the development of the ground services required for civil aviation and, in particular, toward aerodromes, air traffic control, communications and meteorological services

ICAO also provides assistance to States in order to improve their aviation security facilities and procedures.

Many large and smaller civil aviation regional training centers have been created or assisted by ICAO.

ICAO technical co-operation missions consisting of one or more technical experts have gone to nearly one hundred States all over the world. Over 100,000 students have attended training schools registered with ICAO.

Within the more than one hundred and eighty Contracting States of ICAO there are many legal philosophies and many different systems of jurisprudence. There is need, therefore, for the development of a code of international air law. It is a function of ICAO to facilitate the adoption of international air law instruments and to promote their general acceptance.

A-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Write out terminological words and word combinations and translate them into Ukrainian.

2. Write out verb forms (there are 43) except the verb to be and define their tense forms, give the infinitive.

Examples:

have been created - Present Perfect, Passive Voice, to have been created

is done - Present Simple, Passive Voice , to be done

3. Complete the chart.

Nouns

Verbs

1. standardization

2. measurement

3._

4._

5._

6. development to communicate to adopt to achieve

8._

9. decision

7. management

to consider

10._ to accredit

11. assistance _

12._ to improve

13._ to facilitate

14. promotion _

15._ to provide

4. Find the following words in the text and translate the sentences with these words into Ukrainian.

covering

adopted

licensing

put

flying

kept

planning

recommended

forecasting

amended

landing

dealt with

contracting

done

training

held

building

satellite-based

 

required

 

decided

 

tried

 

related

 

gone

5. Write out the nouns with -ence, -ance, -ment, -ness, -tion, -sion from the text and translate them.

6. Translate the following word combinations into Ukrainian.

1. developing countries developed countries

2. Recommended Practices and Procedures covering the technical fields of aviation

covering letter

covered field

3. satellite-based systems satellite-based system concept

4. ICAO planning

planning department planned economy

5. ICAO Contracting States act of contracting

6. adopted article adopted child

7. training training schools expert training center trained expert trained animal

B-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Give six nouns, adjectives, verbs, word combinations regarding.

2. Pick out all possible objects to the given infinitive forms.

To collect, to publish, to undertake, to produce, to pay, to establish, to reduce, to provide, to develop, to control, to facilitate, to promote.

Air fares, international boundaries, extensive economic studies, aviation statistical data, information, actions, comprehensive world aviation data, manuals for the guidance of States, red tape, safety, safe, regular and economical air transport, air space, the adoption of international air law code, acceptance, assistance.

Examples:

to collect aviation statistical data to collect information

to collect comprehensive world aviation data

3. Write out all possible attributes from the text to the following words:

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Activity, territories, practices, achievements, services, system, accident, basis, states, health, missions, boundaries, travel, buildings, opportunity, forecasting, transport, law, experts, control.

4. Spell out short forms.

CNS/ATM

ICAO

SARPs

5. Pick out a line in E with a line in F.

E

1. Standardization

2. CNS/ATM

3. Regional planning

4. Facilitation

5. Economics

6. Technical co-operation for development

7. Law

F

_to facilitate the adoption of air law instruments

_to collect comprehensive world aviation statistical data

_licensing of personal

_air traffic management

_to pay attention to promoting Civil Aviation in developing countries

_public health and other formalities on the free

_to recognize nine geographical regions

C-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Each sentence has a mistake. Find and correct it.

1. All aviation problems can be dealt with on a world-wide scale and many subjects are considered on a regional basis .

2. Each ICAO Contracting State doesn't have its own territory.

3. There are ten regional offices of ICAO.

4. The development of a satellite-based system concept in one step back in ICAO development.

5. The Resolution of ICAO Assembly are secret documents.

6. ICAO is not interested in economical problems of air transport.

7. ICAO has tried to persuade its Contracting States to increase amount of control documents.

2. Put questions to the underlined words in the text "ICAO's Aims" and call type of each question.

Example: One of ICAO's chief activities

What is standardization, the establishment of International Standards, Recommended Practices and Procedures covering the technical fields of aviation? - Subject question

3. Make negative or positive and question forms to the sentences in Ex. 1

Example:

1a.One of ICAO's chief activities is not to persuade its Contracting States to increase amount of control documents.

1b. Is one of ICAO's chief activities to persuade its Contracting States to increase amount of control documents?

4. Put verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice.

1. Among ICAO more recent significant achievements   (to be) the development of a satellite-based system concept.

2. Many aviation subjects   (to consider) on a regional basis.

3. The international air transport services (to establish) on basis of equality of opportunity and operated economically.

4. Many large and small aviation training centers (to create) by ICAO.

5. By the creation of an airstrip remote towns can (to link) quickly to the modern world.

5. Make Yes/No questions to the following sentences.

1. One of ICAO' s chief activities is standardization.

2. Aviation technology continues to develop rapidly.

3. The Standards are kept under constant review and amended as necessary.

4. Not all aviation problems can be dealt with on a world-wide scale.

5. ICAO, therefore, recognizes nine geographical regions.

6. The obstacles placed by customs, immigration, public health and other formalities on the free.

7. ICAO has tried to persuade its Contracting States to reduce red tape.

8. Many large and smaller civil aviation regional training centers have been created or assisted by ICAO.

9. Over 100,000 students have attended training schools registered

with ICAO.

10. Within the more than one hundred and eighty Contracting States of ICAO there are many legal philosophies and many different systems of jurisprudence.

11. There is need, therefore, for the development of a code of international air law.

12. Regions must be treated individually for planning the provision of air navigation facilities and services required on the ground by aircraft flying in these regions.

D-GROUP EXERCISES

1. Give definitions.

1. One of ICAO' s chief activities is ...

2. Licensing of personnel is ...

3. Own territory is .

4. Adequate airport terminal buildings are...

5. Air navigation facility tariffs are...

2. Translate the text into Ukrainian in written form.

Text 1

The Convention on International Civil Aviation requires that international air transport services be established on the basis of equality of opportunity and operated soundly and economically. In fact, ICAO' s basic objective is the development of safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport. To assist States in planning their air transport services, ICAO collects and publishes comprehensive world aviation statistical data, and undertakes extensive economic studies in line with Resolutions of the ICAO Assembly and Recommendations of world­wide conferences. ICAO also produces manuals for the guidance of States in such areas as statistics, air traffic forecasting, airport and air navigation facility tariffs, the economic regulation of air transport and the establishment of air fares and rates.

Text 2

Many large and smaller civil aviation regional training centers have been created or assisted by ICAO.

ICAO technical co-operation missions consisting of one or more technical experts have gone to nearly one hundred States all over the world. Over 100,000 students have attended training schools registered

with ICAO.

Within the more than one hundred and eighty Contracting States of ICAO there are many legal philosophies and many different systems of jurisprudence. There is need, therefore, for the development of a code of international air law. It is a function of ICAO to facilitate the adoption

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of international air law instruments and to promote their general acceptance.

3. Call ICAO' s aims.

4. Divide the text "ICAO' s Aims" into seven paragraphs according to ICAO' s aims. Name them. Where do you think the paragraphs begin and end?

Paragraph I. Standardization begins " One of ICAO's chief activities" and ends " Standards are kept under constant review and amended as

necessary "_

Paragraph II._

Paragraph III._

Paragraph IV._

Paragraph V._

Paragraph VI._

Paragraph VII._

5. Questions for discussion.

1. Why do the Contracting States need to reduce red tape?

2. What is the importance of the personnel licensing?

3. Which of ICAO' s aims is the most important?

4. Does ICAO prove its worth? How?

5. How do economical problems have an affect upon the development of air transport?

TRAINEE'S NAME

PROGRESS TEST

POSSIBLE MARKS

Q.1 International Standards, Recommended Practices and Procedures cover the technical fields of aviation.

List sixteen technical fields.

1. _

2. _

3. _

4. _

5. _

6. _

7. _

8. _

9. _

10. _

11. _

12. _

13. _

14. _

15. _

16. _

( 20 )

Q.2 Spell out short forms.

CNS/ ATM_

SARPs_

( 5 )

Q.3 How many geographical regions does ICAO recognize? Tick ( V ) right answer, cross ( X ) 2 others.

1. 6 _

2. 9 _

3. 17_

( 5 )

Q.4 What has ICAO tried to persuade its Contracting States? Tick ( V ) right answer, cross ( X ) 2 others.

1. to reduce red tape_

2. to increase amount of control documents_

3. both 1 and 2_

( 10 )

Q.5 What does ICAO pay special attention to ? Tick ( V ) / cross ( X ).

1. to promoting civil aviation in countries of third world

2. to promoting civil aviation in developing countries

3. both 1 and 2

( 10 )

Q.6 What has been created or assisted in many region by ICAO? Tick ( V ) / cross ( X ).

1. training centers_

2. women club_

3. children centers_

( 15 )

Q.7 List ICAO' s aims.

1._

2._

3._

4._

85

5._

6._

7._

( 20 )

Q.8 How do Contracting States, which have different system of jurisprudence cooperate?

Tick ( V ) / cross ( X ).

1. there is an international air law code and ICAO facilitates the adoption this code

2. each country uses only own law code

3. both 1 and 2

( 15 )

TOTAL POSSIBLE MARK = 100 PASS MARK =   70 %

READING

STRATEGIC ACTION PLAN

Since 1944, the Convention has proved resilient by providing a sufficiently flexible framework to enable ICAO to fulfil successfully the responsibilities assigned to it. Today, however, major challenges are facing international civil aviation. There is a great need for ICAO to adapt within the framework of the Convention to rapidly changing circumstances including:

globalization and transnationalization of markets and operations

emergence of regional and sub-regional trading and regulatory blocks

• commercialization of government service providers

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diversification of fiscal measures to respond to budgetary needs

• liberation of economic regulation

potential evasion of safety regulation (along with labour, competition and other regulation) as a consequence of blurring of sectoral boundaries and responsibilities of related authorities

• recognition of and response to environmental concerns

• emergence of new technology

• approach of physical limits to infrastructure capacity

The Strategic Action Plan, adopted by ICAO's Council on 7 February 1997, was designed to adapt the vision of ICAO's founders in Chicago and to ensure that the Organization responds to these and other challenges in the coming years, and meets the related needs of all its Contracting States. The goal of the Strategic Action Plan is to further the safety, security and efficiency of international civil aviation and promote the principles enshrined in the Convention. The Plan comprises the following eight strategic objectives:

A  Foster the implementation of ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) to the greatest extent possible worldwide;

B   Develop and adopt new or amended Standards, Recommended

Practices (SARPs) and associated documents in a timely

manner to meet changing needs; C   Strengthen the legal framework governing international civil

aviation by the development of new international air law

instruments as required and by encouraging the ratification by

States of existing instruments; D  Ensure the currency, coordination and implementation of

regional air navigation plans and provide the framework for

the efficient implementation of new an navigation systems; E   Respond on a timely basis to major challenges to the safe

secure and efficient development and operation of civil aviation; F   Ensure that guidance and information on the economic

regulation of international air transport is current and effective;

G  Assist in the mobilisation of human, technical and financial resources for civil aviation facilities and services; and

H  Ensure the greatest possible efficiency and effectiveness in the operations of the Organization, inter alia to meet the above objectives;

I    Ensure that guidance and information on the economic regulation of international air transport is current and effective;

J   Assist in the mobilisation of human, technical and financial resources for civil aviation facilities and services; and

K  Ensure the greatest possible efficiency and effectiveness in the operations of the Organization, inter alia to meet the above objectives;

L   Ensure that guidance and information on the economic regulation of international air transport is current and effective;

M Assist in the mobilisation of human, technical and financial resources for civil aviation facilities and services; and

N  Ensure the greatest possible efficiency and effectiveness in the operations of the Organization, inter alia to meet the above objectives;

O  Ensure that guidance and information on the economic regulation of international air transport is current and effective;

P   Assist in the mobilisation of human, technical and financial resources for civil aviation facilities and services; and

Q  Ensure the greatest possible efficiency and effectiveness in the operations of the Organization, inter alia to meet the above objectives.

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